Midterm study guide
Midterm study guide HIST 2110
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by ayesha on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Alexander Sayf Cummings (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see SURVEY OF U.S. HISTORY in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 12/08/15
HIST 2110 Midterm Review Guide 1. Taino Indians very innocent, greatful, reciprocal, very sharing and primitive. Thought of the Europeans as Gods. 2. Jamestown 1607, Virginia company. Ship docks at James River. First permanent settlement of the English colony. Consisted of two types of men: laborers and investors. 104 men disembarked. 3. Tobacco tobacco production helped the economy of Jamestown. John Raulph discovered that tobacco grows well in warm climate. HUGE incline in production over the period of 16 years. 4. Indentured Servitude not slaves. They worked to pay of debt. Were English people. Signed contract and worked for seven years. Eventually were made landowners and given guns. Had more rights and freedom than slaves. 5. Olaudah Equiano wrote a narrative about the things the slaves went through. Sense of confusion. Slaves were thought as spirits. There was a feeling of disconnection. Slaves were even longing back the slavery in Africa (because this was worse). 6. “A Modell of Christian Charity” 7. William Penn Name of Pennsylvania. Was a Quaker. Believed that the church of England was pure enough and that practicing alone (without a preacher) was the best way. Land given by the king of England because he was in debt to Penn. He chose the land of Pennsylvania to make it “a holy experiment” and “also a model”. Overall: a peaceful man with religious tolerance. 8. George Whitefield A preacher from England. Part of the Anglican church. Almost like a celebrity. He left England, travelled and came to Georgia. Became an advocate of freedom. Encouraged people to choose their own religion. “most preachers talk about unknown Christ and dead God”… after his preaching, Church membership increased. 9. The Stamp Act 1765. First taxation act. It was mostly a bad idea because it covered every legal document. It affected everyone is public life. Tax passed without the consent of colonists. Parliament had no say in this decision. Paying for British troops. 10. Thomas Paine a Quaker. Starts to fight against Britain. Believed in freedom. Wrote the “Common Sense”. Spread the idea that independence was possible. He made a couple of imp points from the book. Argument against being ruled by the king. too selfish only god can rule everyone. Common sense geography how can a nation so far away help in the times of need. Cultural argument religious tolerance. 11. The 3/5 Compromise state representation, different size. Senate 2 people. Between northern and southern states about slavery. Southern states wanted to count slaves for more representation. 3/5 of a person was a slave. 1808, slave trade was discontinued. 12. The Bill of Rights 13. Alexander Hamilton Secretary of Treasury for Washington. Born in West Indies. Aid to Washington in revolutionary war. Studied law; brilliant economist. Believed in strong central government. Thought that: federal government should buy state debt. Need national bank to print money and give loans. High taxes on imports. 14. Louisiana Purchase Jefferson acquired territory from France because it was in debt by slave rebellion. France got it from Spain. US bought it for 15 million. 15. Indian Removal Act of 1830 manifest destiny, to spread from one ocean to another. George Washington was the first one to started. Paid money for land. 1830 Andrew Jackson aggressive approach. Forced Indians into treaties. Asked to give up land in GA, and we will give you land out in the west. 16. The Domestic Slave Trade 1.5 million slaves sold into deep south. Lands were open to white men, ready for plantations. Since agriculture began declining in Virginia, slaves were being sent to the south. Invention of cotton gin. Very profitable. II. Short Answers (30 points). 1. The role disease played in the colonization of the New World. The English brought with them not only items to trade, but also diseases. The Indians were not immune to these diseases and hence, their population slowly started to decline. This was the reason that slavery was so wide spread in the New World. After the Indians started dying off diseases, the English need men to continue labor work, so they started fetching slaves. Since the slave population increased, the New World started to see a rise in industrialism and capitalism. 2. The reasons for the Great Awakening and its effects it was spread by walking preachers. Meetings were held in small towns and rural areas. Preacher Johnathan Edwards expressed his emotions by saying “the world centers in the hand of an angry god”. He thought the humans were weak in the face of God. Also, the Great Awakening was a focus on individual freedom, it is not about someone else telling you what your religion should be. 3. Explain the series of compromises that make up the US Constitution 4. Beginning of political parties and their difference visions for America 5. Causes and effects of major westward migrations during the first half of the 19th Century.there was a drive for money and power. The people wanted to make profit out of the westward migration. North GA was rich in gold; Indians lived there, they were removed so the government could get their hands on the land. III. Potential Essay Topics (30 points) 1. Analysis of what made slavery in the New World unique. Your essay should explain at least 3 reasons and bring in evidence from lectures, class handouts, and film clips. Slavery unique because : leading to capitalism and industrialism in Europe : it was the purest form of domination in the history of slavery. They were much easier to take control over, compared to the indentured servants. Also, more slaves were being brought into the new world because the indentured servants had become very rebellious and had started revolting for not giving them the promised land, etc. : slaves were a better choice financially. Expensive at first, but it eventually paid off. 2. Explain the breakdown in the relationship between American colonists and Great Britain, including the main turning points that led to the American Revolution and why. Explain how was the Revolution both radical and conservative. :The first step was the French and Indian War. Far the war, Britain fell into a debt. The government started imposing many types of taxes on the general public. Argument against being ruled by the king. too selfish only god can rule everyone. Also, the people did not believe that a country could be ruled when (great Britain) was so far away. So finally the American Revolution created a Republican government and threw off the monarchy. It was both radical and conservative in the sense that there was a social and cultural equality between men (radical) but slavery still remained (which made it conservative).
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