Study guide for the midterm for POLS 1101
Study guide for the midterm for POLS 1101 Pols 1101
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by ayesha on Tuesday December 8, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Pols 1101 at Georgia State University taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
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Date Created: 12/08/15
Studv Guide for Midterm 1 Be sure that you can define all of the glossary terms for the assigned chapters 59 2 What is an attitude What is an opinion Why is it important to understand political opinions Public opinion sets the boundaries within which elected officials can act As such it is important to understand what public opinion is what shapes it and how we accurately measure it Understanding public opinion is valuable for another reason people39s attitudes and beliefs in uence their behavior Political opinions not only affect vote choices but also impact other forms of participation like one39s inclination to contact an elected official attend a political demonstration or join an interest group What are the major sources of people s political opinions What is a effect People s families play a major role in their political opinions How do survey organizations measure public opinion and what makes a poll more or less accurate What is the difference between a sample and a population The way the surveys are written and how the author forms the question makes a difference on whether is poll is more or less accurate Often time a differently words question can sway the answers of the responders The sample is the people surveyed in a specific location whereas a population is random surveyors from a large area What is a political party and what functions do they serve in our democracy Though not defined or even mentioned in the Constitution a political party can be understood as an organized coalition of interests that seeks to in uence government and policy by getting members elected to public office and by coordinating the actions of elected officials Functions nominate candidates and party members Structure individuals vote choices Simplify voting info and choices What have been the major party systems that have evolved over time in the US The party in government refers to the members of a party who have been elected to national state or local office Once in office these elected party members often coordinate government action with other members of their party Shortly after the ratification of the Constitution members of Congress began informally organizing into political parties The two major parties of the time the Federalists and the DemocraticRepublicans formed working groups Today the Democrats call their working group a caucus and the Republicans call theirs a conference These working groups allow members of Congress to coordinate their legislative efforts around the policy agendas of the two parties The party working groups make decisions concerning committee assignments committee leadership positions and party leadership positions Of course the party that holds the most seats in either chamber of Congress occupies the most powerful leadership roles including Speaker of the House House majority leader and Senate majority leader and is granted additional privileges when it comes to making committee assignments and selecting committee chairs 7 What has happened to party identification in the US over time in terms of the number of people who claim to be an Independent It went up by 30 over the years
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