Final exam study guide
Final exam study guide BIO 171
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brenda Erin Brooks on Wednesday December 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 171 at Eastern Kentucky University taught by Marcia Watkins in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.
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Date Created: 12/09/15
Bio 171 Final Exam 3 Study Guide Here are some of the questions I am going to ask you on the exam There will be questions on the exam that may not be included in the study guide 0 Remember Study your homework and extra credit quiz questions as a study aid as well 0 The first heart sound lubb is produced by the closing of what valves Atrioventricular valves AV valves 0 What causes the QRS complex of an electrocardiogram EKG Depolarization of ventricles 0 The ow of blood that goes directly and only to the heart is known as Coronary circulation 0 Know the difference between systemic and pulmonary circulation and what side of the heart they occur on Pulmonary blood circulation from heart to lungs back to heart right side Systemic Left atrium and ventricle left side 0 The temperature of blood both Celsius and Fahrenheit in a healthy adult is 38 degrees Celsius 1004 degrees Fahrenheit 0 During the cardiac cycle the contraction of a chamber is termed Systole 0 Know what the pacemaker of the heart is Small device placed in the chest or abdomen to help control abnormal heart rhythms 0 Know what type of blood the coronary sinus transports Delivers deoxygenated blood to the right atrium as do the superior and inferior vena cava 0 Know the 5 steps involved in hearing Sound waves enter external auditory canal Tympanic membrane vibrates and causes auditory ossicles to vibrate Pressure waves travel through scala vestibui Pressure wave move basiliar membrane and hair cells hair cells stimulate nerve impulse which move through cochlear nerve Remaining pressure waves move through scala tympani and out round Window 0 The automatic adjustment of lens curvature by ciliary muscle contraction that focuses light rays on the retina to allow us to see objects up close near vision is known as Accommodation 0 Know the steps involved in the ow of lacrimal uid tears across the eye Tears are produced in the lacrimal sac Tears move across the surface of the eye Fluid enters lacrimal canaliculi and collects in lacrimal sac Fluid drains through nasolacrimal duct Fluid enters nasal cavity and ows out nostrils 0 Pupils are dilated in response to the contraction of what radial iris muscle Dilator pupillae 0 The uid filling the bony labyrinth is known as Perilymph 0 What is lysozyme Antibiotic enzyme in tears 0 The colored part of the eye that can be seen through the cornea is called Iris 0 The white of the eye called is continuous with the anterior outer layer of the eye called the Sclera cornea 0 The center of the eye that functions as a diaphragm to control pupil size is the Iris 0 The primary function of the eyebrow is to Prevent sweat from entering into the eye 0 The three auditory ossicles ear bones form a chain of levers from the tympanic membrane to the inner ear know the arrangement of these bones from the lateral to the medial region Malleus incus stapes 0 The region of the eye that converts light rays to nerve impulses is the Retina 0 Within the cochlear duct is a specialized structure containing sound receptors that transforms mechanical vibrations into nerve impulses This structure is called Spiral organ 0 The middle and inner ear are housed within what bone of the cranial skull Temporal bone 0 Know the function of the suspensory ligaments Change shape of lens 0 Know which pharynx the auditory tube connects with Nasopharynx 0 Know the function of the auditory tube Allows for an equalization of air pressure on both sides of the tympanic membrane 0 Know the difference between special and general senses Special senses are the ones that have specialized organs devoted to them ex Vision eye Hearingear General senses are distributed throughout the body and provide generalized information to the CNS They have more generalized receptors 0 Sound intensity is measure in Decibels 0 Know what photoreceptors cells provide daylight color vision and greater visual acuity Cones 0 Know the three layers of fibrous pouches that make up the external anatomy of the kidney Renal capsule Adispose capsule Renal Fascia 0 Know what the functional unit of the urinary system is Remove dissolved waste and excess substances from the blood and from urine filtration 0 Know the three regions of the male urethra Prostatic urethra Membraneous urethra Spongy urethra 0 Know the ow of filtrate uid through the tubular components of the nephron Bowmans capsule Proximal convoluted tubule Nephron loop Distal convoluted tubule Collecting duct 0 Know where the renal pyramids are located in the kidney The renal medulla middle portion of the kidney 0 Know the definition for excretion The process of eliminating or expelling waste matter 0 Know how many major and minor calyces are in each kidney Maj or 23 Minor 815 0 Know how many renal pyramids are in each kidney 8 15
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