Study Guide Exam 2 & Answer Key
Study Guide Exam 2 & Answer Key 102
Popular in World Religions
Popular in Religious Studies
verified elite notetaker
This 21 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amanda Bronge on Wednesday December 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 102 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Dr. Jeffrey Kaplan in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 258 views. For similar materials see World Religions in Religious Studies at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.
Reviews for Study Guide Exam 2 & Answer Key
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 12/09/15
1. The Destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 CE brought about the end of the _____________ ceremonial religion of Israel. a. Temple-based b. Polytheistic c. Rabbinical d. Patriarchal 2. The Hebrew Bible is divided into three sections:____________ a. Rig, Yajur, Artharva b. Adam, Eve, Noah c. Genesis, Exodus, Numbers d. Torah, Nevi’im, Ketuvim 3. _____________ is the first Hebrew patriarch. God entered into a solemn covenant with him, which involved a promise of land, protection, and descendants. a. Abraham b. Noah c. Isaiah d. Genesis 4. In a story from Genesis, Jacob wrestles all night long with a mysterious stranger- God or God’s angel. At dawn, the fight is over, and Jacob receives from the stranger a new name, ____________, which means “wrestles with God.” a. Judah b. Israel c. Joseph d. Noah 5. In Hebrew, the name for God, usually associated with the verk hayah (“to be”), is commonly written _____________. a. Baal b. Adonai c. Yadweh d. Adam 6. The Babylonian ___________ contains legal material and nonlegal anecdotes and tales. a. Ketuvium b. Talmud c. Torah d. Testament 7. In eighteenth century central Europe, Jewish traditionalism expressed itself in both Talmudic scholarship and the devotional movement ____________ (“devotion,” “piety). a. Hasidism b. Sephardim c. Conservative Judaism d. Essene 8. By the end of World War II, an estimated six million Jews had been killed. This immense loss is called the ____________. a. Diaspora b. Midrash c. Holocaust d. Purim 9. Traditional Judaism is often called _____________ Judaism. a. Reform b. Orthodox c. Reconstructionist d. Sephardic 10._____________, the newest and smallest branch of Judaism, grew out of the thought of its founder, Mordecai Kaplan. a. Reconstructionist Judaism b. Reform Judaism c. Conservative Judaism d. Kabbalah What is the Red Heifer? What are some ongoing debates with this belief? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Some Preliminary issues of Judaism 1. _______________________________ a. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________ a. ________________________________________________________________________ b. ________________________________________________________________________ c. ________________________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________ a. ________________________________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________ a. _____________________________________________________ b. _____________________________________________________ c. _____________________________________________________ Is American Judaism exactly like Orthodox Judaism? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Name the four distinct phases Judaism evolved from? 1. ____________________________________ 2. ____________________________________ 3. ____________________________________ 4. ____________________________________ Judaism is a Strict Tough Religion (Backup answer with examples) T or F ___________________________________________________________________ What is the Shekina? ___________________________________________________________________ Explain what was so special and important about Abraham? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ The Hebrew (Old Testament) is composed of 5 books. Please name those five and what is consumes. 1. _____________________________ 2. _____________________________ 3. _____________________________ 4. _____________________________ 5. _____________________________ _________________ is the key word in Judaism The First man who built the temple of Jerusalem was _______________. a. Abraham b. Joseph c. Solomon d. John What is the difference between the Second and Third Temple? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Please name the two books of Judaism and details about each 1. ______________ a. ______________ 2. ______________ a. ______________ b. ______________ c. ______________ At what age is a Bar Mitzva celebrated? a. 10 b. 18 c. 13 d. 20 Is a Bar Bitzva the same as Bat Mitzva? Please Explain _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ There are 5 streams of Contemporary Judaism. Please name each one and a few details about each explaining their differences 1. __________________ a. _____________________ b. _____________________ c. _____________________ d. _____________________ e. _____________________ 2. __________________ a. _____________________ b. _____________________ c. _____________________ d. _____________________ 3. __________________ a. _____________________ b. _____________________ c. _____________________ d. _____________________ e. _____________________ 4. __________________ a. _____________________ b. _____________________ c. _____________________ d. _____________________ 5. __________________ a. _____________________ b. _____________________ c. _____________________ d. _____________________ Chapter 9: Christianity 1. Christianity grew out of ____________. a. Hinduism b. Judaism c. Islam d. Buddhism 2. Almost everything we know about Jesus comes from the four gospels of the New Testament. The word gospel means “_______________” a. Vision b. Good news c. Enlightenment d. Covenant 3. The Two Great Commandments of Jesus combine two elements: _________________ a. Love for God and an ethical call for kindness toward others b. Missionary activity and prayer five times a day c. Love for God and annual pilgrimage to Jerusalem d. Refraining from immoral activities and giving to the poor 4. _____________ is occasionally called the cofounder of Christianity because of the way that Jesus’s teachings and his interpretation blended them blended to form a viable religion with widespread appeal. a. Peter b. James c. Paul d. John 5. In the Gospel of John, the portrayal of Jesus is full of mystery. He is the __________ of God, the divine made visible in human form. a. Inspiration b. Transcendence c. Incarnation d. Spirit 6. When ____________ became emperor, he saw in Christianity a glue that could cement the fragments of his entire empire. a. Herod b. Constantine c. Antiochus d. Hyrcanus 7. ___________ was the dominant authority in Christian theology from the fifth century until the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century. a. Hector b. Herodotus c. John Calvin d. Augustine 8. _______________, a Dominican priest, blended the philosophical thoughts of Aristotle with Christian scripture through writings such as the Summa Theologica and Summa Contra Gentiles. a. John Calvin b. Francis of Assisi c. Tertullian d. Thomas Aquinas 9. ___________, a German priest of the late Middle Ages, was the first reformer of Western Christianity to gain a large following and to survive. The movement he founded ultimately created the Protestant branch of Christianity. a. John Wycliffe b. Martin Luther c. John Calvin d. Huldrych Zwingli 10.In 1963, Pope John XXIII convened a council of bishops that proceeded to make the first major changes in Catholicism since the Council of Trent. The ___________ allowed, among other things, the use of native languages in ordinary church services. a. Council of Nicaea b. Council of Jamnia c. Second Vatican Council d. Third Council of Churches What we know about Jesus 1. Where was he born? __________________ 2. Spent most of his life in __________? 3. Who did he try to seek and was baptized by him? _____________ 4. Who was killed? What were the next steps for Jesus after that? ______________________ 5. What did Jesus emphasize? a. _________________ b. _________________ c. _________________ For how long was there no difference between a Christian and a Jew? Which side did more people choose? a. 100 years; Christianity b. 10 years; Judaism c. 200 years; Judaism d. 175 years; Christianity Who was Constantine? What were his connections to Christianity and where was he born? a. Son of a Commander of the Legion; People would ask him questions and he was very involved; Nis b. Son of Joseph; He was the first leader of a missionary; Italy c. No involvement, trick question d. Leader of a new religion; opened new doors to Christianity; Egypt What mandated the toleration of Christians? a. Bible b. Edict of Milan c. Theodosius d. Torrid Who was Theodosius? _________________________________________________________________________ Christianity had evolved from…………….. 1. ___________________ 2. ___________________ 3. ___________________ 4. ___________________ How long did the completion of conversion to Christianity in Europe take? Who finished the cycle? a. 2000 Years; King of Iceland b. 400 Years; Pope c. 1000 Years; King of Iceland d. 200 Years; Martin Luther Details about Martin Luther - Born in ____________ was a ______________. - Studied where? ______________ got a MA in ___________? - What were his issues with his father? ______________ - PhD in _____________? Became a professor instead of a _______________. - He did not like _________ John Calvin Taught - God _______ all things and is all powerful - What is the sole source of the Will of God? _________ Any alternatives: Y or N - God knows all _______, _____________, and ___________ - Calvin’s Geneva and some of those insane details o Established a Church/_________ government. o What went down with Catholics? _________________ o Ideas with alcohol and curfew? ______________ o Naming of children was ______________________ o What did everyone eventually do with these tactics? ______________ Describe Jan Hus __________________________________________________________________ Catholicism completely changed after _____________? a. Martin Luther died b. During the rule of John Calvin c. Second Vatican Council 1962 d. Getting a new Pope The term that means global, used in religious terms meaning you have interfaith activities _______________________ Order of dominance throughout the Christianity System (Fill in Blanks) 1. Pope 2. _________________ 3. Archbishops 4. _________________ 5. _________________ Six Beliefs tied together with Second Vatican Council? 1. ______________________ 2. Lay Ministries 3. ______________________ 4. Anti-Semitism is a sin 5. _______________________________________ 6. Ideas that government should not dictate religion to other people th What three important ways in the 20 century caused American Protestantism to change? _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ What paved the way for the globalization of American Christianity in the 1920’s? a. Radio and television b. Dancing and music c. Muscular Christianity d. Social Gospel Who was Jimmy Swaggart? What caused such a ruckus with his life within Christianity? _____________________________________________________________________________________ The Headquarters of Worldwide Catholic Church? a. Mosque of Mecca b. Vatican c. Dome of the Rock d. The Temple Chapter 10: Islam 11. Islam literally means “__________” a. Sacred b. Holy c. Enlightened d. Submission 12. Muslims refer to God as ___________. The word is a contraction of two Arabic words that mean “the” and “God.” a. Elohim b. Salam c. Allah d. El Shaddai 13. The ____________ is the single sentence, when recieted with belief, that makes a person a Muslim. a. Salat b. Shahadah c. Ramadam d. Hajj 14. Fast is thought to be an important bond that unites Muslims during the period of sacred fasting known as ____________. a. Salat b. Shahadah c. Ramadam d. Hajj 15. All Muslims, unless prevented by poverty or sickness, are expected to visit Mecca at least once in their lifetime in the religious journey (pilgrimage) known as _____________. a. Salat b. Shahadah c. Ramadam d. Hajj 16. The name Qur’an means “_________” a. Successor b. Recitation c. The book d. The writings 17. ____________ was the father of Muhammad’s youngest wife and was recognized as the first Caliph. a. Abu Bakr b. Umar c. Ali d. Uthman 18. __________ derive their name from the Arabic word that means “faction” and are the group that followed Ali. a. Sunnis b. Shiites c. Sufis d. Zaydis 19. ____________ take their name from the Arabic word for “tradition”, referring back to the entire body traditional teachings that are based on the life and teachings of Muhammad, as given in the Qur’an and the authoritative hadiths. a. Sunnis b. Shiites c. Sufis d. Zaydis 20. Islamic Law, called _________, is the entire body of laws that guides the believer in this life. a. Sharia b. Decalogue c. Faqir d. Dhikr Please match these to the correct letter 1. Qa’ba a. The time of ignorance or 2. Jahiliyyah darkness (Everything before 3. Ummah Muhammed) 4. Hidja b. Dissimulation; lie to protect 5. Baya c. Oath of Allegiance 6. Taqiyyah d. Most sacred place in Islamic 7. Djinn world e. Early Muslim Community f. Fire Spirit g. The movement of people from Mecca to Medina th 6 century Arabia was a land of tribes competing for resources in harsh land of grinding poverty, name the four issues 1. _________________ 2. __________________ 3. __________________ 4. __________________ When was Muhammed Born? a. 270 A.D b. 110 A.D c. 570 A.D d. 02 B.C 5 things about him throughout his life 1. ______________________ 2. ______________________ 3. ______________________ 4. ______________________ 5. ______________________ Who was Angel Gabriel and why was he so special? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ The revelation of the Qur’an was from _____, but they were transmitted by the ____________ Muhammads early teachings: Please fill in the blanks 1. ___________________ a. Compare with Christianity and Judaism i. _____________________ ii. _____________________ 2. ___________________ 3. ___________________ 4. Social and Economic Justice 5. He declared he was the “Seal of the Prophets” 5 Pillars of Islam & Islamic Conversion 1. ______________________ ______________ 2. ______________________ ______________ 3. ______________________ ______________ 4. ______________________ ______________ 5. ______________________ ______________ Islamic Heritage is preserved in….. 1. ______________________ 2. ______________________ 3. ______________________ Together what did these attributes create? ____________________ Please place the 4 Rightly Guided Caliphs in Order Umar 1. ______________________ Ali 2. ______________________ Abu Bakr 3. ______________________ Uthman 4. ______________________ When the last ruler failed, what happened within the Islamic culture that still occurs to this day? ___________________________________________________________________ Who killed Ali? a. Sharia b. Muawiyah and Yazid c. Allah d. Adam and Eve The Philosopher/Scientist offered the Devils Bargain? a. Abu Bakr b. Peter c. Angel Gabriel d. Al-Ghazali Name the three regulations he said that were needed for a successful empire? 1. _______________________ 2. _______________________ 3. _______________________ Answer Key Next Page Study Guide Answer Key Chapter 8: Judaism 1 A 2 D 3 A 4 B 5 C 6 B 7 A 8 C 9 B 10 A What is the Red Heifer? What are some ongoing debates with this belief? A cow that is seen as a very rare and sacred within the Jewish Religion. Debates are about whether or not this cow is acceptable since it is a genetically engineered animal. Was he genetically engineered for this religion? Or is it seen as unacceptable and not the real Red Heifer? Some Preliminary issues of Judaism 1 __Faith vs History____________ a Jews will never say the Bible is perfect, they don’t argue about gay marriage either. It does not seem as an important topic to them. 2 __Sacred vs Secular History____ a Past/Present and Future are all known by God b History will end; Jews have a different way of view for the end of the world. c In the Jewish tradition women will be in the perfect world too, but they won’t study. 3 __Hebrews/Jews as a people apart_ a If you intermarry you are considered to be out of the religion 4 __Threat of assimilation__________ a Many Hebrews did not return from the captivities in Egypt and Babylon b Jews could not assimilate during the diaspora c Jews could assimilate for the first time in America (Silent Holocaust) Is American Judaism exactly like Orthodox Judaism? American Judaism is much more cultured with new directions and expectations. Orthodox Judaism is as traditional as you are going to get and is much more of a lifestyle. 5 Name the four distinct phases Judaism evolved from? 1 Nomadic Tribal Faith 2 Temple based cult with a hereditary priesthood 3 Basis was now Text 4 Today Judaism is a modern Transnational faith_ Judaism is a Strict Tough Religion (Backup answer with examples) T or F True; following the Halacha 613 Laws that must be followed by MEN What is the Shekina? Female Aspect of God in ancient Judaism, was carried in the Ark of the Covenant Explain what was so special and important about Abraham? Abraham lived until he was 75, his father was seen to have lived for 205 years. The average lifespan at that time would be mid-twenties, he was seen as someone important and had a meaning to life. The Hebrew (Old Testament) is composed of 5 books. Please name those five and what is consumes. 1 Genesis_(Book of Creation) 2 Exodus_(Story of Jews in Egypt and arrival in Holy Land)___ 3 Leviticus (Laws)_________ 4 Numbers_(More Laws)____________ 5 Deuteronomy_(More Laws-613)_____ ___Covenant______ is the key word in Judaism The First man who built the temple of Jerusalem was _______________. a Abraham b Joseph c Solomon d John What is the difference between the Second and Third Temple? The Second Temple was an actual temple that got built and was once again destroyed by the Romans after the Jewish Revolt. The third temple is just a dream, not an actual building. It would be built on the same place as the second temple, but already occupied by the Dome of the Rock. When and if the third temple happens, no Jewish man will be able to do anything, a Christian man could and God will send the temple himself. Please name the two books of Judaism and details about each 1 Mishna a Teachings about each passage of the bible; Biblical commentary 2 Talmud a Most important book used by Jewish Rabbis today b Most difficult book to understand in the world c Two Kinds- Babylonian and Jerusalem (One used most often) At what age is a Bar Mitzvah celebrated? a 10 b 18 c 13 d 20 Is a Bar Mitzvah the same as Bat Mitzvah? Please Explain Bar Mitzvah is something that has changed the most; at the age of 13 the man will become a part of a Minyan. Women only celebrated marriage and men getting this while women celebrated nothing at that age seemed fine. A Bat Mitvah is a ceremony in American made simply for women. Now has become quite popular, giving an equal balance for the genders. There are 5 streams of Contemporary Judaism. Please name each one and a few details about each explaining their differences 1 Reform Judaism a Adapt Jewish law to American Culture b Mixed marraiges accepted and sometimes performed c No gender separation d Bat Mitzvahs since the 1960’s e Women Rabbis- not only train but actually hire them 2 Conservative Judaism a Find Middle way between Jewish law and American Culture b Mixed Marriages not accepted, but tolerated by parents c Adapted slowly to gender separation d Rare few women rabbis, Bat Mitzvahs since 1970’s 3 Orthodox Judaism a No compromise with American Culture b If an American moved to Israel and was American compromised, they would be considered non Jewish. c Rejected Mixed Marriage d Gender separation in worship e No women Rabbis or Bat Mitzvahs 4 Hassidism Ultra-Orthodox a Very separate from American Culture, live in enclaves b No compromise on Jewish law c Rabbi Schneerson was believed to be the Messiah d No Bat Mitzvah or women Rabbis 5 Reconstructionist Judaism a Smallest Group of Judaism b Ideas of Modernization is much different c Religion and Science should go together d No gender separation and there are women Rabbis Chapter 9: Christianity 1 B 2 B 3 A 4 C 5 C 6 B 7 D 8 D 9 B 10 C What we know about Jesus 1 Where was he born? __Bethlehem__ 2 Spent most of his life Nazareth 3 Who did he try to seek and was baptized by him? __John____ 4 Who was killed? What were the next steps for Jesus after that? John, Start his own ministry 5 What did Jesus emphasize? a Social Justice (Poor against rich) b Physical and Spiritual Healing__ c Apocolypticism (better be ready) For how long was there no difference between a Christian and a Jew? Which side did more people choose? a 100 years; Christianity b 10 years; Judaism c 200 years; Judaism d 175 years; Christianity Who was Constantine? What were his connections to Christianity and where was he born? a Son of a Commander of the Legion; People would ask him questions and he was very involved; Nis b Son of Joseph; He was the first leader of a missionary; Italy c No involvement, trick question d Leader of a new religion; opened new doors to Christianity; Egypt What mandated the toleration of Christians? a Bible b Edict of Milan c Theodosius d Torrid Who was Theodosius? The last emperor to rule over both a western halves of the Roman Empire Christianity had evolved from…………….. 1 A Tiny Jewish Reform Movement 2 A tiny religious sect___________ 3 A persecuted but growing underground church 4 Religion of Power in Western Europe How long did the completion of conversion to Christianity in Europe take? Who finished the cycle? a 2000 Years; King of Iceland b 400 Years; Pope c 1000 Years; King of Iceland d 200 Years; Martin Luther Details about Martin Luther - Born in _Germany_ was a __Peasant___. - Studied where? University of Elfurt got a MA in Law__? - What were his issues with his father? _Appalled his father by entering a monastery_ - PhD in _Theology_? Became a professor instead of a _Priest__. - He did not like __Jews___ John Calvin Taught - God _governs__ all things and is all powerful - What is the sole source of the Will of God? _Bible__ Any alternatives: No - God knows all _Past__, __Present__, and _Future_ - Calvin’s Geneva and some of those insane details o Established a Church/_State_ government. o What was demanded with Catholics? Catholics either kicked out or forced to convert o Ideas with alcohol and curfew? Banned alcohol in Germany and created a curfew o Naming of children was based off a regulated list o What did everyone eventually do with these tactics? Eventually stopped obeying Describe Jan Hus He was a churchman like Luther, he wanted to change it though. Utrachism (People should have the bread and wine, not just the priest has wine) Catholicism completely changed after _____________? a Martin Luther died b During the rule of John Calvin c Second Vatican Council 1962 d Getting a new Pope The term that means global, used in religious terms meaning you have interfaith activities Ecumenical Order of dominance throughout the Christianity System (Fill in Blanks) 1 Pope 2 Cardinals 3 Archbishops 4 Bishops____ 5 Parish Priests Six Beliefs tied together with Second Vatican Council? 1 Language change from Latin to English 2 Lay Ministries 3 Relations with other Christians 4 Anti-Semitism is a sin 5 Human Dignity, Freedom of conscience, and religious liberty 6 Ideas that government should not dictate religion to other people th What three important ways in the 20 century caused American Protestantism to change? American Fundamentalism following the publication of a series of pamphlets. The social gospel which sought to reach sinners wherever they were, and the change in movement with women. What paved the way for the globalization of American Christianity in the 1920’s? a Radio and television b Dancing and music c Muscular Christianity d Social Gospel Who was Jimmy Swaggart? What caused such a ruckus with his life within Christianity? Jimmy Swaggart was an American Pastor who was tried for Sex Scandals in the 1980’s. The Headquarters of Worldwide Catholic Church? a Mosque of Mecca b Vatican c Dome of the Rock d The Temple Chapter 10: Islam 1 D 2 C 3 B 4 C 5 D 6 B 7 A 8 B 9 A 10 A Please match these to the correct letter 1 D 2 A 3 E 4 G 5 C 6 B 7 F 6 century Arabia was a land of tribes competing for resources in harsh land of grinding poverty, name the four issues 1 Constant Warfare 2 Idolatry/Polytheism 3 Gazwa (Raids) 4 Female Infanticide When was Muhammed Born? a 270 A.D b 110 A.D c 570 A.D d 02 B.C 5 things about him throughout his life 1 Quraysh Tribe____ 2 Clan of Hashim 3 Called “The Trusted One” 4 Made his living by being Caravan trader 5 Married Kadijah Who was Angel Gabriel and why was he so special? He revealed the Suras of the Qur’an, the Qur’an was technically revealed through him instead of by God The revelation of the Qur’an was from _God__, but they were transmitted by the Angel Gabriel Muhammads early teachings: Please fill in the blanks 1 Monotheism a Compare with Christianity and Judaism i Christianity-Has Trinity ii Judaism-has Shekina 2 Immediate end to infanticide 3 His preaching was apocalyptic 4 Social and Economic Justice 5 He declared he was the “Seal of the Prophets” 5 Pillars of Islam & Islamic Conversion 1 _Only God worshipped is Muhamed Shahada 2 _Prayer_______________ _ _ Salat__ 3 _Pay the Alms Tax_______ __Zakat__ 4 _Ramadan (Fasting) One month_______________ Saum___ 5 _Journey to Mecca at least once in Life_____ _ Hajj___ Islamic Heritage is preserved in….. 1 The Qar’an 2 The Sunna 3 The Hadith Together what did these attributes create? _Basic Islamic Law Please place the 4 Rightly Guided Caliphs in Order Umar 1 Abu Bakr Ali 2 Umar Abu Bakr 3 ‘Uthman ‘Uthman 4 Ali When the last ruler failed, what happened within the Islamic culture that still occurs to this day? The Islamic Culture permanently split and still has the rivalry today Who killed Ali? a Sharia b Muawiyah and Yazid c Allah d Adam and Eve The Philosopher/Scientist offered the Devils Bargain? a Abu Bakr b Peter c Angel Gabriel d Al-Ghazali Name the three regulations he said that were needed for a successful empire? 1 Protect Borders 2 Institute Islamic Law 3 Respect for Islamic men
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'