New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Final Exam Review

by: Elizabeth Ennis

Final Exam Review DANC 1713 002

Elizabeth Ennis
GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This is the basics of all of the material we have learned
Understanding Dance
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Understanding Dance

Popular in Department

This 16 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elizabeth Ennis on Wednesday December 9, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to DANC 1713 002 at University of Oklahoma taught by Kozadayev in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 45 views.


Reviews for Final Exam Review


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 12/09/15
Monday, December 7, 2015 Understanding Dance- Final Review Final Review I. Ancient Greece A. dance as ritualistic celebration, celebrating gods B. Two patterns occurred in group dances 1. circular movements around an altar, symbol or musician 2. processional formations often led by a musician C. dance was performed with spoken word and music D. performed on an open stage in an arena like setting II. Roman Empire A. dance was fragmented from spoken word and music B. 3 components combined into grand single unit 1. thetre orchestra 2. scenery 3. stage space III. Renaissance- 1400s A. dance and singing was combined again IV. Baroque late 1500s A. european style that exaggerated artistic detail to produce 1. drama 2. tension 3. exuberance 4. grandeur B. BCatherine d’Medici 1. italian noblewoman. 1 Monday, December 7, 2015 2. maried king Henry II and introduced court dance (brought from italian spectacles) to France C. Ballet du Cour 1. balle of the 16th and 17th century courts of europe 2. dancers had to not only present court dances abut also portray characters and tell stories D. Balthazar Beaujoyeaux 1. italian dance master who worked for Catherine d’Medici in France in 1580s 2. transformed court dance into Ballet du Cour 3. choreographed first recorded ballet in history titled Le Ballet Comque de la Reine (1581) E. Louis XIV 1. french kin 1638-1715 2. loved dance and was a dancer 3. known as the Sun king 4. established the first dance academy in 1661 5. La Academie Royale de Danse (now known as the Royal Ballet) F. Jean Baptist-Lully 1. french music composer and dance master 2. introduced french regional dances into the courts 3. styled this characteristic steps 4. increased the vocabulary V. Technique A. technique a) dance technique is the basis of all fundamentals of dance, from holding your body correctly while performing, to executing skills properly, to the quality of that execution, to the aesthetic form 2 Monday, December 7, 2015 2. Ballet Terminology a) Ballet terminoly has reamined in the French language and is universally understood by trained dancers all over the world b) Five basic positions of the feet: c) barre- bar to hold on to, term refers to a series of exercises done while holding on to a bar d) plie- movement of bending of the legs at the knees e) Port de Bras- refers to movement of the arms f) Pirouette- turns on one foot usually done on the ball of the foot 3 Monday, December 7, 2015 g) arabesque- postion where one leg is extended to the back while the arms are extended to the front and side (that’s me in the photo peeps, if you were wondering) h) attitude- position where one leg is raised to the back and bent at the knee i) adagio-slow series of movements j) allegro- jumping compinations 4 Monday, December 7, 2015 k) epaulement- (literally means shouldering) placing of the head, shoulders, and body, opening or closing to the audience l) m) Grand Pas de Deux- a formual which includes: Adagio, Male Variation, Female Variation, and the Coda n) Corps de ballet- agroup dance, where dancers usually move in unison like a military formation. DO NOT CONFUSE WITH BALLET DE COUR 5 Monday, December 7, 2015 VI. Romantic ballet A. stories of love, myth, nature, and spirituality in relations to the poetic human are key elements of Romantic era ( mid 1800s- 1850s) B. long flowing skirts called Romantic tutus were introduced C. technical progress 1. ballerinas became stronger, started lifting on to their toes; lifting to toes also an expression of fantasy, flight, unearthliness, common to the era; called being “en pointe” D. Five romanic ballerinas 1. Marie Taglioni a) first en pointe in La Sulphide choreographed by her father Felippo Taglioni 2. Fanny Cerrito 3. Carlotta Grisi a) first giselle 4. Lucille Grahm 5. Fanny Elsser a) rival of Taglioni E. Famous Romantic Ballets 1. Giselle a) choreographed by Jean Coralli and Jules Perrot 2. La Sylphide 6 Monday, December 7, 2015 a) choreographed by Filippo Taglioni 3. Innovations of this time a) gas lighting b) cult of the ballerinas- female dancers being idolized c) full length ballets with storylines, d) greater use of the corps de ballet VII.Classical Era A. Marius Petipa 1. French Bork choreographer 2. choreographed most of his works in St. Petersburg, Russia 3. Most notable ballets a) swan lkae, sleeping beauty, don quixote, la beadier, and parts of the nutcracker b) worked closely with Tchaikovsky c) Lev Ivanonv was his assistant; choreographed most of the nutcracker after Petipa fell ill d) ballets were story lines with fairy tales that were four or 5 acts long; had elaborate scenery, special effects ,ad lavish costumes B. Innovations of the time 1. higher legs, more time en pointe, shorter skirts, and the grand pas de duex 2. the picture is an example of the shorter skirts, becoming known as classical tutus or pancake tutus (that’s me in the yellow one) C. these ballets formed the cornerstone for all classical repertoire companies today VIII. Ballet Russes (1909-1929) A. Serge Diaghilev 7 Monday, December 7, 2015 1. founder and artistic director of Ballet Russes 2. company’s succes can mot notably be credited to Diaghilev and his interest in modern art, and his ability to join collaborative interests of different mediums 3. he was never an actual dancer, and had no dance training; he was only the business side of the ballet Russe B. when Diaghilev died the ballet company was fought over by and was split up 1. Ballet Russes de Basil or The Original Ballet Russes a) run by Colonel Wasily de Basil 2. Ballet Russes de Monte Carlo a) run by Leonid massine, chreographerand director, and Rene Blu, artistic director C. Important Ballet Russe Choreographers 1. Michel Fokine- Les Sylphides 2. Vaslav Nijinksy- Rite of Spring (music by Igor Stravinsky) a) his ballet Rite of Spring caused a riot in Paris 3. Leonide Massine- Parade (Joffrey Ballet revived this later) 4. Bronislava Nijinska- Les Noches a) known for cubism in choreography; was Nijinksy’s sister, the only reason they had different last names was because Nijinsky is the male version and Nijinska is the female version 5. George Balanchine- Apollo D. Baby Ballerinas 1. Baby ballerinas of the Ballet Russes 2. discovered by George Balanchine at a very young age (like 12 or 13) 3. Irina Baranova, Tamara Toumanova, Tatiana Riabouchinska IX. First pioneers of American Modern Dance A. Loise Fuller 8 Monday, December 7, 2015 1. used light and long dress to produce effect and innovation a) Serpentine Dance B. Isadora Duncan 1. “The mother of modern dance” 2. sought to reclaim the ancient Greek’s approach to dance as a natural form of movement 3. rebeling against ballet, danced barefott and took of her corset 4. lived life on her own terms, little regard for social norms of the victorian age C. Ruth St. Denis 1. introduced eastern ides into dance 9 Monday, December 7, 2015 2. opened the first dance school and company in the US (in LA) with her husband, Ted Shawn called the Denishawn 3. Ted organzied Jacobs Pillow in Massachusettes; festival that promotes the study and experimentation of modern dance X. Modern Dance the second generation A. Doris Humphrey 1. initially trained in ballet 2. later trained and danced with Denishawn company for ten years 3. browke away from the company with partner charles WEidman to pursue her own interests in choreography 4. created a technique based on gravity known as fall and recover 5. wrote a book titled “The Art of Making Dances’ creative activity” B. Martha Graham 1. one of the most important figure in modern dance 2. student of the Denishawn school 3. Began performing solo work after leaving the company 4. early works heavily influence by the Denishawn 5. used breath as initiation, technique was based on Contraction and release 10 Monday, December 7, 2015 6. her work explored American themes 7. danced in her own choreography until she was in her seventies 8. opened a school and company in NYC 9. the company still performs her work 10. died at age 96 in 1991 and choreographed until her death 11.famous work “Appalachian Spring” XI. Modern Dance in Europe A. Rudolph Laban 1. created Labanotation- system for writing down movement on a scale, similar to music B. Mary Wigman 1. first practitioner of German expressionist dance (ausdruckstanz), where dance was the expression itself coming from feeling C. Kurt Joose 1. german choreographer who fueled the idea of expressive body and movement with ballet 2. opened a school in Germany where theatrical concepts were fused with ideas of expressive movement and ballet D. Pina Bausch- studied at the school of Kurt Joose 1. most notable choreographer of Tanztheatre (dance theater) 2. her work dance is the most important factor but it is supported by speech, scenery, sound, and sets 3. work always has political connotation XII.George Balanchine A. styled as the father of American ballet B. opened School of American Ballet and co founded the New York City Ballet with Lincoln Kirsten C. his style is referred to as neo-classical ballet 11 Monday, December 7, 2015 D. collaborated most notably with composer Igor Stravinsky E. most notable works: Apollo, Serenade, Nutcracker XIII.Jazz Dance A. African American Social Dance 1. African American Social Dance has many influences including plantation derived dances and dances of the African American Minstrel shows 2. towards the 1920s African-American dances become a big part of African American Social clubs (like the cotton Club and Savoy) from which the dancers began to influence white ballroom dancers as well as the broadway stage 3. some influential dances include: Charleston, Lindy Hop, Jitterbug B. Jazz Dance 150+ 1. the ordination of contemporary Jazz dance incorborated ballet, tap, authentic hindu dance, spansih and latin american dance, and early african american social dance styles, set to popular music of the time 2. Jack Cole a) father of jazz dance b) background in modern dance at Denishawn c) created technique derived from Doris Humphrey and Charles Weidman with innovations based on Indian, Spanish and Latin American Styels set to American Swing music 3. Matt Mattox a) started teaching in 1955 b) mattox was a dancer of Jack Cole c) created a disciplined Jazz class based on Cole’s teaching d) choreographed on Broadway and in Film 4. Bob Fosse a) big influence on the development of Jazz Dance in movie musicals 12 Monday, December 7, 2015 b) bob fosse became known for his sultry, seductive style and he was the only choreographer to win the “triple crown” Oscar, Emmy, and Tony Awards in the same year c) his film and broadway credits include Sweet Cherry, Chicago, Cabaret, and All That Jazz XIV. Modern Dance the Third Generation A. Merce Cunningham 1. danced with graham at first, left because he was not happy with her collaborated with composer John Cage 2. responsible for chance technique, where movement would be a product of chance 3. non representationaly style- movement for movement’s sake B. Paul Taylor 1. versatile dancer- danced with Graham and performed for Balanchine 2. work was controversial but had a sense of humor 3. sense of humor made him known as “brigning the sun into modern dance” XV.Post Modern Dance A. post modern dance theory 1. questioning the norm, goes against met narratives,during time of political unrest, dance was taking on its own revolution 2. utilized pedestrian movement, untrained dnacers, repetition, and unconventional performance spaces B. Judson church 1. church which provided space to artists for art exhibitions, rehearsals, and performances of there experimental work C. Trisha Brown 1. created site specific, minimalist works; now choreographs for companies all over the world D. Steve Paxton 13 Monday, December 7, 2015 1. pioneered contact improvisation- movers were able to sense and predict each others movement and motion and be able to provide partnered support and counter action in real time XVI. Ballet Popularity A. on the rise in the 60s B. Rudolph Nureyev and Mikhail Barshynikov defected from Russia C. televised dance programs became popular D. ballet began to receive federal subsidiaries by the government E. full evening story ballets were being produced XVII.Joffrey Ballet A. Robert Joffrey 1. choreographer and dance historian 2. established touring company with partner Gerald Arpino which later established a home in NYC and now is in Chicago B. First company to be featured on the cover of Time in 1968 C. wasn’t cookie cutter; focused less on “neoclassiscism”, but on what is happening in the now D. performed the first transitional Modern-Ballet work by Twyla Tharp “Duce coup” and Billboard which was a rock ballet set to the music of prince E. revived Kurt Jooss’ “The Green Table” and Messine’s “Parade” because of their historical importance XVIII. Jerome Robbins A. created ballets of American Ballet Theatre and New York City Ballet 1. Fancy Free, The Concert, In the Night B. choreographed broadway musicals 1. On The town (adaptation of Fancy Free), West Side Story, Fiddler on the Roof” XIX.Ballet or Modern 14 Monday, December 7, 2015 A. Twyla Tharp 1. post modern choreographer who fused pedestrian and avant-garde concepts with trained technical dance elements 2. was first post-modern dance choreographer to crossover to ballet B. Mark Morris 1. most notable choreographic triat is musicality 2. created modern day version of the nutcracker 3. probably not going to be on the final very much C. Mats Ek 1. swedish chreographer 2. directed Cullberg Ballet 3. style is a mix of classical ballet, modern movement, and theatrical concepts 4. most noted for his interpretations of the classical ballet stories in which he adapts the plot to the modern day themes D. Jiri Kylian 1. Director of Netherlands Dance Theatre 2. style encompassed ballet aesthetics and technique with a mix of modern and folk 3. work and stay have greatly evolved from the 70s to present day 4. most notable work is “Petit Morte” XX.Deconstruction of Choreography A. William Forsythe 1. known for deconstrucing ballet 2. created a method of dance and improvisation called “improvisation Technology” 3. produced as a software program in order to have his dancers learn his system without having to teach it during the creation process 15 Monday, December 7, 2015 4. believed choreography was an object 5. Watch!!! Synchronous Objects B. Wayne Mcregor 1. director of “random Dance” 2. resident choreographer of the Royal Ballet 3. distinctive style of movement, integrates dance with cognitive science 4. work explores the relationship between movement and brain science 16


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.