Exam 3 SLIDE IDS (Filled in!!)
Exam 3 SLIDE IDS (Filled in!!) ANTH 1003
Popular in Archaeology
PHYS 1500 - 005
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This 31 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aisha Notetaker on Thursday December 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 1003 at George Washington University taught by Cline, E in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 108 views. For similar materials see Archaeology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 12/10/15
Exam 3 Practice (Who/What/When/Where) WHO – ancient Incan people lived there,Hiram Bingam got cred for discovering it WHAT – settlement that might’ve been a palace for kings/priests or refuge.Religious artifacts + skeletons found WHEN –1450-1532 AD WHERE – near Cusco,Peru WHO – Lord Pacal’ s tomb is inside WHAT – it features 6000 hieroglyphs & a hidden staircase WHEN – 615-683 AD WHERE – Palenque (Mexico) WHO – Mayan ruins excavated by Edward Thompson WHAT – Mayan civilization w/“cenotes”aka huge natural sink holes that had ritual sacrifice objects and skeletons inside WHEN – 800-1200 AD WHERE –Near Cancun,Mexico WHO – Maya people,found by John Lloyd Stevens,drawn by Frederick Catherwood WHAT – altars,stele & temples have hieroglyphs and figures representing the 16 past rulers WHEN – 200-900 AD WHERE – Copan,Honduras WHO – Mayans lived here WHAT – Spanish explorers found it in 1750 but it wasn’t published in English til later,so Europeans didn’t care when the discovery came out WHEN – 300-900 AD WHERE – Mexico WHO – ancient Moche tombs were investigated byWalter Alva WHAT – pyramids the size of Egyptian ones were burial grounds for his looted tomb and others.Tons of gold was found! WHEN – 750 AD WHERE – Sipan,Peru WHO – drawn by ancient Peruvians WHAT –geoglyphs (figures drawn on the desert floor) that inspired“ancient alien” pseudoarcheology. WHEN – 200 BC-AD 600 WHERE – Nazca,Peru WHO – ~100,000 Maya people lived there WHAT – Largest known Maya city w/ 3,000 buildings and inscriptions listing past rulers WHEN – 200-800 AD WHERE – Tikal,Guatemala WHO –We’re not sure who actually lived there,name dubbed by Aztecs WHAT – temples and pyramids equal to the Giza pyramids line the city while a Tunnel with 70,000 objects inside in are well preserved. WHEN –100-650 AD WHERE – Mexico WHO – Clive Cussler credited for finding it WHAT – underwater archeology revealed its an 8 man confederate sub sunk an enemy ship,but went down too WHEN –1864 WHERE – near South Carolina WHO –Quarter of a million ppl WHAT – structures like the Temple Mayor were dedicated to different gods.The famous calendar/sun stone = 24 tons!! WHEN –1325-1519 CE WHERE – Modern Mexico City sits right on top of it now WHO – British Colonists and previously Native Americans WHAT – First permanent settlement by British colonists. WHEN –1607 WHERE –Virginia WHO – Last surviving member of his tribe,was studied by Alfred Kroeber WHAT – living member of Native American society that helped ethnoarcheologists make a more accurate analysis of NA life. Told epics,myths,legends & language Showed Kroeber Native American way of life WHEN –found in 1911 WHERE – Oroville,California WHO – garbologist WHAT –”why wait a 1000 years to study garbage” Deduced income level Looked @ how material remains relate to behavior that produced it (methodological) Tried to explain specific,repeating patterns in archeology (substantive) WHEN – 1973 WHERE – Arizona WHO – Babylonians WHAT –2500 year old poop reveal what ppl ate while the city was under siege.Found tapeworm & whipworm in toilets but no indication of cannibalism! WHEN – 586 BCE WHERE – Jerusalem WHO – Eliezer Sukenik WHAT – Sukenik bought & transcribed 3 scroll jars Isiah scroll – v similar to today’s copy War scroll – waiting for Armageddon! Thanksgiving scroll – community prayer book (hymns & prayers) WHEN – ~200 BC WHERE – Dead sea,Near Qumran WHO – famous Israeli archeologist WHAT – Bought the 4 remaining dead sea scrolls from Archbishop Samuel His dad was Eliezer Sukenik Temple Scroll = detailed instructions on how to rebuild the temple on the mount Manual of Discipline = rules and regulations book Commentary of Habakuk & Genesis Apocryphon = alt versions of the book of Genesis WHEN – 1955 WHERE – Dead Sea WHO – King Herid’ s palaces excavated byY adin WHAT – palaces/temple on a rock plateau w/ evidence of fighting = battering ram w/ catapult balls Tannery,craftsmen rooms,& a synagogue were up there Wall paintings,mosaics,coins,& ostricha (shards w/ names on them) WHEN – 74 CE WHERE – Judean desert,Dead Sea WHO –Jewish historian WHAT – he wrote an account about Masada and how it fell,but his account of what happened is questionable bc he only said there was 1 palace.Y adin found 2 WHEN – 37 AD WHERE – Jersalum,Israel WHO – Found by Jumla Mohammed & Mohammed Ahmed WHAT – 900 well preserved biblical scrolls from 11 different caves – thought to be a library or monastery WHEN – 8th century BC (Iron Age) WHERE – Dead sea,Near Qumran WHAT – copper treasure hidden in a natural crevice and wrapped in a straw mat,the hoard contained 442 different objects th WHEN – 4 millennium WHERE – Judaean Desert near the Dead Sea WHAT – a single scroll made of copper > > > Was a treasure map marking 64 locations in the area! None of the treasures were ever found WHEN – ~ 200 BC WHERE – Dead Sea WHAT – The cave floor has mixed up fragments from 100s of scrolls They’ve been trying to interpret them since the 1950s! Book of Samuel fragment = Book of Psalm ft word for God“Y aweh” rd WHEN – late 3 century BCE WHERE – Dead Sea WHAT –Archeologists found an archive of letters inside a basket. The basket belonged to a lady who wrote tons of lawsuits,had jewelry etc WHEN – 132 – 135 BC WHERE – Dead Sea WHO –Pliny describes it as a place on the periphery of two empires WHAT –Also a key stop on trade routes, inscribed niches let us reconstruct the population th WHEN – Nabatean period (4 century) – same as Petra WHAT –Bodies on bodies on bodies inside – ppl died of starvation inside these.Situated with Roman camps above, below & around it meant no one could leave or get in WHEN – ~200 BC WHERE – Dead Sea WHO –Excavated by Paleo Mattiei WHAT –“Tell”= multiple stacked cities.Palace G @ Ebla had archives with tablets inside WHEN –2 phases:Early Bronze Age >> Middle Bronze Age (1800-1600 BC) WHERE – Palmyra,Syria WHO – Discovered by John Lloyd Stevens who dressed up like a local to get in WHAT –new 7th wonder of the ancient world Became v important in roman Period - was center of a kingdom and the spice trade WHEN –Nabatean period (4 th century) around for 800 years th abandoned BY 5 century AD ”a city lost in time” WHAT –Mosaics were buried for 1600+ years after the church was burned down,but perfectly preserved! papyrus scrolls:legal docs,land files etc WHEN –3-5 AD th WHERE – Petra,Jordan WHO –Excavated by the French (they’re still there!) WHAT – stratigraphy reveal many stacked cities and“Mari Letters”of fatherly advice WHEN – 2900 BC WHERE – Palmyra,Syria
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