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Final exam study guide

by: Emma Notetaker

Final exam study guide PSYC 231-DL1

Emma Notetaker
GPA 3.4
social psychology 231
Professor Tulk

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About this Document

Social Psyc 231 final study guide with questions and vocabulary
social psychology 231
Professor Tulk
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emma Notetaker on Thursday December 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 231-DL1 at George Mason University taught by Professor Tulk in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see social psychology 231 in Psychlogy at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 12/10/15
Session 10 Chapter 11 Prosocial Behavior CostBenefit Analysis How an alternative option will cost and benefit you Opportunity cost loss of potential gains when an alternative is chosen Butterfly Effect small changes gt big effects Prosocial behavior act performed with goal of benefiting another person Altruism desire to help another person even if it involves a cost to the helper Kin Selection behaviors that help a genetic relative are favored by natural selection Reciprocity helping others will increase the likelihood that they will help us in the future Social Exchange Theory we maximize our own rewards and minimize costs Empathy put oneself in shoes of another person events and emotions EmpathyAltruism Hypothesis when we feel empathy we help them for altruistic reasons Altruistic personality qualities that cause an individual to help others in various situations Cultural Differences o InGroup group with which an individual identifies as a member 0 OutGroup any group with which an individual does not identify Urban Overload Hypothesis people who live in cities are constantly bombarded with stimulation and they keep themselves busy to avoid being overwhelmed by it Bystander effect greater number of bystanders who see an emergy gt less likely one will help Pluralistic Ignorance everyone else is interpreting a situation a certain way but they are not Diffusion of Responsibility each bystander s need to help decreases as witnesses increase Quiz 1 What is the epitome of prosocial behavior in the ideal case a Altruism b Empathy c Ignorance d Diffusion of Responsibility 2 What is an example of norm of reciprocity a Kin selection b TitforTat strategy c Instinct d Ignorance 3 Which of the following is NOT a reason helping others can benefit us a Reciprocity b Investing in a better future c Fixing social problems that only affect our well being d Correcting social problems that affect us as well as others 4 What is an example of empathy a Mirror neuron system b Helping someone with their homework c Understanding what someone is going through d Being altruistic 5 What are the proper steps to take before you need to help in an emergency a Notice event assume responsibility interpret event as emergency know how to assist implement decision b Assume responsibility notice event interpret as emergency assist implement decision c Notice the event interpret the event as an emergency assume responsibility know how to assist implement decision d Interpret event as emergency notice event assume responsibility know how to assist implement decision Session 11 Chapter 12 Aggression amp Prejudice AGGRESSION Aggression Intentional behavior aimed at causing physical harm or psychological pain Ennui Listlessness and dissatisfaction arising from lack of occupation or excitement Frustration Feeling that you are being prevented from attaining a goal 0 Frustration Aggression Theory Frustration increases the probability of an aggressive response Instrumental Aggression aggression as a means to some goal other than causing pain Hostile Aggression Stemming from feelings of anger and aimed at inflicting pain Vigilante Justice A member of a group attempts to take the law into their own hands Mutual Assured Destruction Peace between nations that results from threats from both sides Aggressive Stimulus Object associated with aggression and mere presence causes anger Realistic Conflict Theory leited resources lead to conflict in groups and result in prejudice Catharsis Relieve built up aggression by watching or participating in aggression PREJUDICE Prejudice Negativity toward people in a certain group based solely on their membership Stereotype Generalization about a group of people Scapegoating Placing aggression onto groups that are disliked visible and powerless Ultimate Attribution Error Make dispositional attributes about entire group of people Male Privilege Advantages granted to males solely on the basis of gender Discrimination Unjustified negativity toward a member of group solely because of membership 0 Institutional Discrimination Practices that discriminate against a minority group 0 Institutionalized Sexism Sexist attitudes held by a majority in a population where stereotypes and discrimination are the norm Social Learning Theory People learn social behavior by observing others Scripts Ways of behavior socially that we learn from observing our culture GROUP OutGroup Homogeneity Individuals in the out group are more similar to eachother than they really are ZeroSum Game Each party s gainslosses are exactly balanced with the other party Mutual therdependence 2 groups need to depend on one another to accomplish a goal Normative Conformity Go along with the group to gain acceptance Jigsaw Classroom Classroom setting designed to reduce prejudice and increase selfesteem of children by placing them in groups dependent on other children VOCAB Blaming the victim Blame individuals for their victimization in order to see the world as fair lllusory Correlation tendency to see relationshipscorrelations between unrelated events Selffulfilling prophecy People have an expectation about what someone is like and it influences their behavior toward that person which causes them to meet the expectations Quiz 1 What is an example of passive aggressive actions a Psychological aggression b Physical Aggression c Conflict d Physiological Aggression The Trayvon Martin case is an example of what type of aggression a Psychological b Instrumental c Hostile d Aggression Stimulus 3 Which is an example of an illusory correlation a Dogs and dog collars b Saying that cancer is a terrible disease because many people die c Saying that Virginia is a terrible state because you don t like it d Believing that you can make a difference in the world 4 members of a group are more similar to eachother than they really are a Ultimate Attribution Error b Butterfly Effect c OutGroup Homogeneity N d Privilege 5 Men consist of of suicide victims and women comprise of a 50 50 b 4060 c 8020 d 1585 6 What would someone who believes in a zerosum game say 965 d What s good for me is always bad for you What s good for me is good for you too Let s share the wealth Whatever I want you want too 7 Institutional Discrimination involves discrimination against a group due to a b c d Ethnicity gender culture age orientation Ethnicity and gender Ethnicity gender culture and orientation Gender culture and orientation


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