Study Canes Article Summary
Study Canes Article Summary PSY 110
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amanda Green on Thursday December 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 110 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Rod Gillis in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see PSY 110 - Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 12/10/15
Amanda Green Psychology 110 Dr Gillis Research Article Summary Researchers John M Darley and Bibb Latane When Will People Help in a Crisis This article seemed particularly interesting to me as I really enjoyed learning about the bystander effect in class and wanted to gain more knowledge about the normal behaviors displayed during a crisis situation This article starts off by listing a series of three highly disturbing and tragic events in which out of all the people present not one attempted to help In one example it was shocking to discover that out of thirtyeight not one moved and instead they all stood from the comfort of their homes watching their neighbor die out of their windows This behavior made me originally question our humanity as a human race However as later described in the article researchers said that this behavior is not caused by an indifference or apathetic feelings but instead bystanders were left feeling caught fascinated or distressed leaving them unable to react The article then lists three important steps that a bystander who was willing to intervene would take The first step described is to notice that something is happening followed by steps two and three interpret that event as an emergency and decide that he has personal responsibility for intervention This series of steps has been commonly named the decision tree leaving only one path that leads to helping the victim in a crisis situation During the split seconds of reacting to an event a bystander has to go through the process of the decision tree which can often be impacted by several other outside factors such as how many other bystanders are also present This factor of other people involved in the situation was tested in a study using individual reactions to a possible emergency versus people s reaction when the same situation arose with a group The individuals took more caution and a high percentage reported that smoke was filling the room Whereas those who observed the smoke while in the group setting just looked around and dealt with the smoke These results encouraged the idea that if someone is part of a group versus alone when a dangerous situation arises their reaction differs greatly and results in less intervention This behavior can be attributed to people s attempts to blend in with the group or to keep their cool in public instead of showing their true feelings they decide based on other s reactions that it must not be a big deal Through another study similar results were found where bystanders offered less help while in groups When later asked why they did not intervene many came up with reasons that made the situation seem less than that of an emergency justifying their decision to not help This led researchers to believe that bystanders actions work in two different ways of thinking The first involves risking danger to oneself and the other involves things such as helping injured woman Additionally researchers commented on another explanation known as a diffusion of responsibility This occurs in cases where there are several bystanders present and therefore people feel as though it is not their responsibility to help or expect someone else more qualified to help instead of them This could also explain why when there is only one person present in a situation they feel 100 responsible and because of this decide to take action and help Overall I thought this article provided some interesting reading on the various studies used to test these theories After reading this I feel that I would be more willing to help in a crisis situation now
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