Practice Test for A&P 1 Final
Practice Test for A&P 1 Final 21010-001
Popular in Anatomy and physiology 1
Popular in Biological Sciences
This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Riley Jernejcic on Thursday December 10, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 21010-001 at Kent State University taught by Sarah Vash in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and physiology 1 in Biological Sciences at Kent State University.
Reviews for Practice Test for A&P 1 Final
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 12/10/15
Final Exam Practice Test Anatomy & Physiology 1 Made by: Riley Jernejcic Rjernej1@kent.edu This was made right from my notes! You can easily find the correct answers if you do not know it in your notes. No promises I spelled everything right. Good luck on the final everyone 1.) True or False: The two major divisions of the nervous system are the CNS and PNS. 2.) Sensory receptors located in the PNS detect changes and send impulses towards the CNS. This is called: a. Efferent b. Afferent c. Somatic d. Autonomic 3.) True or false: The parasympathetic nervous system is known as your fight or flight response while your sympathetic is known as your resting function. 4.) This is the term for the high traffic area and innervation of the legs. a. Cervical enlargement b. Lumbar enlargement c. Conus Medullaris d. Filum Terminale 5.) This is a thin strand of fibrous tissue extending from the conus medullaris to the coccygeal ligament which attaches to the coccyx. a. Conus Medullaris b. Spinal Meninges c. Filum terminale d. Pia Mater 6.) The middle layer of the spinal chord that has a web like structure: a. Dura Mater b. Archonoid Mater c. Pia Mater d. Spinal meninges 7.) True or false: The subdural space is not actually a space. 8.) This term is known as the “horses tail” and is a result of the lower lumbar and sacral nerves elongating as they are pulled downward from the conus medullaris. a. Filum Terminale b. Epidural c. Subarchnoid space d. Cauda equine 9.) True or false: The spinal cord extends from the foramen magnum to L1-L2; located in the vertebral foramen. 10.) This is a shallow groove in the middle back: a. Posterior median sulcus b. Anterior horn c. Central canal d. Lateral horn 11.) Term for cell bodies of visceral motor neurons: a. Central canal b. Anterior horn c. Posterior horn d. Lateral horns 12.) True or false: Gray matter consists of cell bodies of neurons and white matter consists of myelinated axons. 13.) True or false: Sensory neurons enter the dorsal root of the spinal cord and axons of the motor neurons leave the spinal cord via the ventral root. 14.) This creates fascicles by bundling groups of axons: a. Perineurium b. Epineurium c. Perichondrium d. Endometrium 15.) True or false: There are 5 main plexi. 16.) This innervates the arm and shoulder: a. Cervical plexus b. Brachial plexus c. Sacral plexus d. Thoracic 17.) This innervates the hip, abdomen, and genitals: a. Brachial plexus b. Thoracic plexus c. Lumbar plexus d. Dermatome 18.) True or false: Each pair of spinal nerves innervates a specific area of the skin called a dermatome. 19.) What is true about reflexes? a. Innate or acquired b. Mediated through the brain or spinal cord c. Somatic (involuntary) or autonomic (involuntary) d. All of the above are true 20.) This is the term that protects the stimulus: a. Receptor b. Sensory neuron c. Integration center d. Motor neuron 21.) Whatever responds to the motor neuron: a. Receptor b. Integration center c. Motor Neuron d. Effector 22.) True or false: Ventricles keep the brain afloat. 23.) True or false: Specialized ependymal cells make CSF. 24.) What is true about blood supply? a. Two major arteries supply the brain with blood b. Carotid artery and vertebral artery c. The blood brain barrier allows only choice substances into the ISF d. All of the above are true 25.) What is the brain stem made up of? a. Cerebellum, pons, midbrain, medulla oblongata b. Cerebrum, medulla, pons, pituitary gland c. Pituitary gland, pons, midbrain d. Medulla oblongata, pons, midbrain 26.) Motor tracts that do not decussate in the medulla are called: a. Tracts b. Pyramidal tracts c. Bridges d. Extrapyramidal tracts 27.) True or false: Most sensory tracts also decussate in the medulla. 28.) True or false: The medulla contains vital reflex centers and non vital reflex centers. 29.) True or false: The reticular formation regulates the somatic functions performed by the medulla. 30.) This structure connects the cerebellum with the midbrain, diencephalon, cerebrum, and the spinal cord: a. Pons b. Medulla Oblongata c. Hypothalamus d. None are correct 31.) True or false: The reticular formation contains two nuclei; the apneustic and pneumotaxic nuclei that both modify activity of the respiratory centers within the medulla. 32.) What is known as your “startle reflex” and receives basic auditory info such as sudden loud noises. a. Superior colliculus b. Inferior colliculus c. Red Nucleus d. Cerebellum 33.) Contain large amounts of melanin with cells that have dark pigments. This is also important for involuntary control of muscle activity: a. Mid brain b. Substantia Nigra c. Red nucleus d. Melanin 34.) True or false: The tectum contains three nuclei. 35.) Damage to the cerebellum can result in: a. Loss of coordination b. Loss of balance c. Only a d. a and b 36.) This structure receives a copy of motor output and then compares it to the actual motion so that movements can be adjusted for preciseness. a. Cerebellum b. Mid Brain c. Diencephalon d. Pons 37.) True or false: The diencephalon is made up of three different structures: Thalamus, hypothalamus, and the pineal gland. 38.) This structure is responsible for attaching an emotion to a stimulus, deals with vision, hearing, touch, and emotions, and surrounds the third ventricle. a. Diencephalon b. Hypothalamus c.. Thalamus ( switch board) d. Pituitary gland 39.) True or false: All sensory information that ascends to the cerebrum must first be routed through the thalamus. 40.) True or false: The hypothalamus has a blood brain barrier. 41.) The function of the hypothalamus is mainly to: a. Regulate homeostasis b. Carries oxygen c. Stores memory d. It is a huge blood supply 42.) True or false: The hypothalamus regulates the autonomic nervous system. 43.) This structure produces and secretes melatonin, receives input from the retina, and is important for regulating sleep cycles, mating cycles, and reproductive functions. a. Pineal gland b. SAD gland c. Endocrine gland d. Pituitary gland 44.) This has a C- shaped structure and wraps around the thalamus and hypothalamus and functions include learning, emotions, motivation, and olfaction: a. Limbic system b. Pineal gland c. Cerebellum d. Endocrine gland 45.) Known as the “rage center”: a. Amygdala b. Limbic lobe c. Ataxia d. Fornix 46.) This structure connects the limbic system to the hypothalamus: a. Hippocampus b. Limbic lobe c. Lamboid suture d. Fornix 47.) Damage to the limbic system can result in: a. Personality change b. Memory loss c. Inability to recognize facial expressions d. All of the above 48.) True or false: The Parahippocampus deals with olfaction 49.) True or false: The cerebellum is the largest part of the brain. 50.) Writing and speaking are thanks to what structure of the brain: a. Cerebral cortex b. Cerebrum c. Diencephalon d. Cerebellum 51.) What part of your brain deals with sensory analysis, touch, taste, and temperature: a. Frontal b. Parietal c Occipital d. Temporal 52.) True or false: The temporal lobe deals with auditory hearing and olfactory. 53.) True or false: The cerebral cortex is a layer of gray matter on the outside of the cerebrum. 54.) True or false: Gyri are crevices and sulci are outward folds. 55.) This type of fiber transmits impulses from gyri in one hemisphere to the other. An example would be the corpus cullusom. a. unknown fibers b. Projection fibers c. Commissural fibers d. Association fibers 56.) The basal nuclei is important for: a. Both a and c b. Gait and laughing c. tone and automatic responses d. Hearing and vision 57.) True or false: Projection fibers are ascending and descending tracts that relay information to the cerebrum and other structures such as the brain steam and spinal cord. An example would be the internal capsule. 58.) True or false: AcH can lead to over activity of skeletal muscle that can result in rigid or resting tremors. 59.) True or false: The frontal and parietal lobe are separated by the central sulcus. 60.) True or false: the post central gyrus of the parietal lobe is referred to as the primary somatosensory area. nd 61.) True or false: Your 2 order neuron ascends the spinal cord. 62.) True or false: Your 3 order neuron detects the change 63.) Your occipital lobe can also detect: a. Stuff you can see visually b. Where you've been before c. Color and movement d. All of the above 64.) True or false: Your temporal lobe functions as an auditory cortex and olfactory cortex. 65.) Compares incoming sensory stimuli with stores information that's similar to create sensation (our own individual interpretation) a. Visual association area b. Brockes area c. Somatosensory association area d. Auditory association area 66.) True or false: Your auditory association area stores your written words and faces. 67.) How does the brain interpret stimuli? a. Number of sensory receptors b. Frequency of action potentials c. Only a d. a and b 68.) This area send speech movements: a. Broccas area b. Premotor area c. Cerebellum d. Primary motor area 69.) This area initiates motor commands and relays to primary motor area. a. Primary motor area b. Broccas area c. Promotor area d. Premotor area 70.) Also known as “Lugarics Disease” can affect upper or lower motor neurons and can result in slurred speech and stumbling. a. Ataxia b. Aphasia c. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) d. Damage to Broccas area 71.) This integrates auditory and visual stimuli; usually in the left hemisphere. a. Prefrontal cortex b. Broccas Area c. Wernicke’s Area d. Temporal lobe 72.) True or false: With Wernicke’s Aphasia you cannot talk at all and have to write everything down. 73.) True or false: Brocca’s area initiates motor commands for word pronunciation usually in the right hemisphere and speech is fast and slurred. 74.) Right minded people are: a. Great decision makers b. Artistic c. Analytical d. Logical 75.) What cranial nerves are both motor and sensory? a. VII, V, I, II b. VII, V, I, X c. V, VII, IX, X d. I, II, X, XII 76.) The function of this cranial nerve is to move eyes medially: a. Occulomotor Nerve b. Vagus Nerve c. Trochlear Nerve d. Optic Nerve 77.) The function of this cranial nerve is shoulder shrug and to turn head: a. XII b. VI c. I d. XI 78.) How many nerves are just sensory nerves? a. 3 b. 4 c. 7 d. 2 79.) This nerve moves your eyes laterally: a. Abducens b. Olfactory c. Occulomotor d. Optic 80.) True or false: The autonomic nervous system is involuntary, regulates smooth muscle tissue, cardiac tissue and glands, and consists of two motor neurons. 81.) True or false in the autonomic nervous system the first is myelinated and the second is not. 82.) True or false: ALL motor neurons of the somatic nervous system release Ach; those of the ANS may release Ach or NE. 83.) True or false: The autonomic nervous system consists of two major divisions including the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system. 84.) These release NE/E directly into the blood: a. Astrocytes b. Ependymal cells c. Adrenergic cells d. Cromaffin cells 85.) True or false: The preganglionic neurons are cholinergic and the postganglionic neurons may be cholinergic or adrenergic. 86.) True or false in the parasympathetic nervous system the preganglionic neurons exit the craniosacral region of the spinal cord. 87.) True or false: Both preganglionic and postganglionic neurons are cholinergic. 88.) During sympathetic control your cardiac muscle tissue will: a. Heart rate will decrease b. Heart rate with increase c. Relax d. Stay the same 89.) During sympathetic control most blood vessels will: a. Both b and c b. Increase blood pressue c. Vasoconstriction d. Decrease 90.) During parasympathetic division your urinary sphincters will: a. Stimulate b. Relax c. Open and close rapidly d. Contract 91.) During parasympathetic control your digestive glands will: a. Chill b. Relax c. inhibit d. Excite 92.) How can the same neurotransmitter cause both inhibitory and excitatory effects? a. Different cell types b. Different receptor types c. Receptor that it binds to d. All of the above 93.) These recptors can be found on postganglionic dendrites and cell bodies and also at the neuromuscular junction: a. Muscarinic b. Nicotinic c. Heronic d. Adrenergic 94.) These bind NE and E a. Adrenergic b. Cholingeric c. Muscarinic d. ANS 95.) True or false: Muscarine is a posion found in mushrooms that mimics Ach and so can bind to these receptors 96.)True or false: The ANS is regulated by the hypothalamus and the goal of the ANS is to regulate and maintain homeostasis. 97.) True or false: If a stimulus reaches the cerebral cortex we become consciously aware of it. 98.) This structure is an avascular transparent coat that is curved to focus light on the lens. a. Lens b. Cornea c. Sclera d. Iris 99.) This is a mucus membrane that lines the outside of the eye and also the inner surface of the eyelids. Sometimes called pink eye. a. Conjunctiva b. Optic infection c. Fovea centralis d. Pink infection 100.) True or false: The iris lines the choroid and contains pigments to absorb light. 101.) True or false: Ciliary muscle contracts to decrease tension on the zonular fibers. 102.) Ciliary muscle relaxes, increasing the tension on the zonular fibers. 103.) This is what’s known as 20/20 vision. a. Presbyopia b. Astigmatism c. Emmetropic eye d. Myopia 104.) When the eye is too long light rays are focused in front of the retina. This is called: a. Myopia b. Hypermetropia c. Astigmatism d. Presbyopia 105.) This is a photoreceptor cell of the retina that is important for color vision. This cell is: a. Rods b. Cones c. Opsin d. Retinal 106.) True or false: When light strikes opsin it changes shape from cis- retinal to trans-retinal. 107.) True or false: Rods only contain one photo pigment called rhodopsin. 108.) When Trans-retinal separates from opsin it appears colorless. This is called bleaching. 109.) True or false: Cones rapidly regenerate while rods cannot generate quickly. 110.) True or false: The thalamus sends information to the occipital lobe, midbrain, and hypothalamus.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'