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USC / Art / GEOL 205 / Rivers make up what percent of the earth’s water?

Rivers make up what percent of the earth’s water?

Rivers make up what percent of the earth’s water?

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Geology 205 Final Exam Study Guide 


Rivers make up what percent of the earth’s water?



1. What is the population of the Earth?

a. 4.3 billion and increasing

b. 7 million and increase

c. 7 billion and increasing

d. 4.3 million and decrease

2. Which of the following is a renewable source?  

a. coal

b. fossil fuels

c. oil

d. water

3. Which of the following is a nonrenewable source?

a. solar energy

b. oxygen

c. coal  

d. biomass

4. What does the IPAT equation stand for and state?

a. The total impact on the environment is the product of total population, the  affluence of the population, and technology, which can increase or decrease b. The total influence of population, and technology on the environment which  can increase or decrease


The giant planets are mostly made up of what?



c. The total impact on the environment is the product of population, the  affluence of the population, and technology which will only increase

d. The total influence of population, affluence, and technology on the  environment which will only increase  

5. Something with cultural value cannot be considered a resource

a. True

b. False

6. Which of the following is an Earth resource?  Don't forget about the age old question of What is the smallest particle of an element that can exist and still have the properties of the element?

a. Adamantium

b. Petroleum  

c. Plastic

d. Vibranium  

7. In the IPAT equation, I stands for

a. Influence

b. Increase

c. Impact

d. Immense  

8. The world’s affluence is predicted to


What is the equation to calculate the residence time of water?



a. Increase

b. Decrease

c. Stay the same

d. It cannot be determined

9. A scientific hypothesis that is extensively tested and explains many observations is a. A hypothesis

b. A conclusion

c. An observation

d. A theory  

10. The 1st Law of Thermodynamics states:

a. When energy is converted, some quantity is lost as heat energy

b. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be converted to other forms  c. When energy is created, some quantity is lost as heat energy

d. Energy cannot be converted or destroyed, but it can be created

11. The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics states:

a. When energy is converted, some quantity is lost as heat energy We also discuss several other topics like In what country pinus contorta var. bolanderi will be found?

b. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be converted to other forms  c. When energy is created, some quantity is lost as heat energy

d. Energy cannot be converted or destroyed, but it can be created

12. Solar energy does not energize the

a. Lithosphere

b. Atmosphere

c. Asthenosphere

d. Stratosphere

13. Precision is:

a. Getting correct results

b. Getting consistent results

14. Accuracy is:

a. Getting correct results

b. Getting consistent results

15. The Earth is _________ years old

a. 4.5 million years

b. 4.5 billion years

c. 45 million years

d. 45 billion years  

16. The giant planets are mostly made up of

a. Water

b. Dust

c. Gasses

d. Oil  

17. Which of the following is not considered a planet?

a. Saturn

b. Pluto

c. Mars

d. Jupiter

18. It is thought that Earth’s water originated from

a. Asteroids

b. Earthquakes  

c. Rain

d. Rivers and bodies of water  Don't forget about the age old question of What is the cold war?

19. Half of the Earth is made up of

a. Water

b. Oxygen

c. Natural Gas

d. Oil  

20. Which of the following is a divergent plate boundary?

a. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge  

b. The San Andreas Fault

c. The Juan De Fuca Plate

d. The Great Rift Valley  

21. Which of the following animals left fossils that proved that South America and Afria  were once joined

a. Mesosaurus

b. Mussaurus

c. Maiasaura

d. Marshosaurus  

22. Atoms of the same element that have different number of neutrons are a. atoms

b. protons

c. neutros

d. isotopes

23. Silicates are very common in Earth’s crust

a. true

b. false  

24. The process in which compaction and cementation of sediments forms a rock, is called: a. Igneous

b. Compaction

c. Subsidence

d. Lithification  

25. You will find high pressure metamorphic rocks in which of the following locations a. Along a Mid-Oceanic Ridge where there is plate divergence We also discuss several other topics like When a wholesaler or retailer establishes a price based upon the cost of buying the product from the producer (not the actual cost to make it) then sells it at a higher price, they are practicing what?

b. Within a continent-to-continent collision zone

c. On the seafloor, near divergent boundaries

d. On the seafloor, near convergent boundaries  

26. The inner core of the Earth is  

a. solid

b. liquid

27. The inner core of the Earth makes up what percentage of the Earth a. 30.8

b. 1.7

c. 67.1

d. 0.4  

28. When plates slide against each other, there is no volcanism and deep and shallow  earthquakes occur, this is an example of a

a. Convergent plate boundary

b. Divergent plate boundary We also discuss several other topics like What are the two main problems in the financial markets?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the difference between oral prenups and written prenups?

c. Transform plate boundary

29. The concentration factor of an ore body is solved by  

a. Dividing the concentration of the metal in the ore by the concentration of the metal in average continental crust

b. Dividing the concentration of the metal in average continental crust by the  concentration of the metal in the ore

c. Multiplying the concentration of the metal in the ore by the concentration of  the metal in average continental crust

d. Subtracting the concentration of the metal in average continental crust from  the concentration of the metal in the ore  

30. The concentration factor of an ore body is directly linked to the profitability of a mining  business

a. true

b. false  

31. Water expands when it freezes

a. true

b. false  

32. Glaciers make up what percent of the Earth’s water

a. 97

b. 23

c. 17.4

d. 1.74

33. Rivers make up what percent of the Earth’s water

a. 0.0001

b. 0.001

c. 0.01

d. 0.1

34. Which of the following causes precipitation

a. Moisture laden winds come onshore

b. Moist air mass rises and cools

c. Moisture-depleted air mass sinks and warms

d. Rain water flows into large bodies of water

35. Which of the following rivers has the greatest water flow (m^3/s) a. Amazon, South America

b. Congo, Africa

c. La Plata, South America

d. Ganges, Asia  

36. The United States uses a majority of our water resources for

a. Agriculture

b. Industry

c. Public

d. Power Cooling

37. China uses a majority of their water resources for

a. Agriculture

b. Industry

c. Public

d. Power Cooling

38. What is the equation to calculate the residence time of water

a. T(residence)=Vol(reservoir)/Flux(flow rate)

b. T(residence)=Flux(flow rate)/Vol(reservoir)  

c. T(residence)=Vol(reservoir)-Flux(flow rate)

d. T(residence)=Vol(reservoir)*Flux(flow rate)

39. The definition of watershed is

a. The residence time of water

b. An area in which all rainfall drains towards a common outlet

c. Everything that gets wet in a 100-year flood  

d. Surface water

40. A braided stream cannot carry large particles or large amounts of sediments a. True

b. False

41. Meandering streams cannot carry large particles or large amounts of sediments a. True

b. False  

42. Everything that gets wet in a 100-year flood area has what percent chance of flooding a. 0.01%

b. 0.1%

c. 10%

d. 100%

43. Streamwater comes from all of the following except

a. Runoff

b. Groundwater

c. Levee’s

44. Humans alter rivers and control flooding

a. true

b. false  

45. Porosity is

a. The percent void space in a rock or sediment

b. The ability of a material to transmit a fluid

c. A geologic unit capable of storing and transmitting water in sufficient  quantities to supply wells

d. Body of relatively impermeable rock that is capable of absorbing water  slowly but does not transmit it rapidly enough to supply a well or spring

46. An aquifer is

a. The percent void space in a rock or sediment

b. The ability of a material to transmit a fluid

c. A geologic unit capable of storing and transmitting water in sufficient  quantities to supply wells

d. Body of relatively impermeable rock that is capable of absorbing water  slowly but does not transmit it rapidly enough to supply a well or spring  

47. The permeability of which rock type is very high

a. Unfractured shale

b. Fractured shale or metamorphic rocks

c. Sandstone, moderately cemented

d. Gravel

48. An unconfined aquifer is when

a. The permeable layer extends to the surface, it consists of an unsaturated  zone separated from the saturated zone by the groundwater table

b. The permeable layer is overlain and underlain by a less permeable layer

49. A confined aquifer is when

a. The permeable layer extends to the surface, it consists of an unsaturated  zone separated from the saturated zone by the groundwater table

b. The permeable layer is overlain and underlain by a less permeable layer

50. During wet periods the water table is _____

a. High

b. Low

51. Only deep wells can be pumped during wet season

a. True

b. False

52. The groundwater table indicates the level to which water will rise in a(n) ______ a. Confined aquifer

b. Unconfined aquifer

c. Both an unconfined and confined aquifer

53. Flowing artesian wells are when

a. The pressure surface is above the ground surface and the water flows freely  out of the ground

b. The pressure surface is below the ground surface and the water flows freely  out of the ground

c. The pressure surface is above the ground surface and the water is not  flowing in or out of the ground

d. The pressure surface is below the ground surface and the water is not  flowing in or out of the ground  

54. Land subsidence is  

a. A decline in the elevation of land surface

b. A decline in the elevation of water  

c. An incline in the elevation of land surface

d. An incline in the elevation of water

55. Which of the following is NOT a cause of land subsidence

a. Hydrocompaction

b. Karst

c. Mining

d. An increase in sedimentary runoff  

56. Which of the following is more likely to be compressible

a. Water

b. Sand

57. About what percent of the world’s humans do not have easy access to safe water? a. 16

b. 30

c. 25

d. 40

58. Which of the following places has the highest per capita water withdrawal? a. Russia

b. Australia

c. Canada

d. Japan

59. Which of the following is NOT a type of water pollution

a. Inorganic

b. Organic

c. Biologic

d. Environmental

60. Phosphate pollutants are mostly caused by sewage

a. True

b. False

ANSWERS: 

1.b

2.d

3.c

4.a

5.b

6.b

7.c

8.a

9.d

10.b

11.a

12.a

13.b

14.a

15.b

16.c

17.b

18.a

19.b

20.a

21.a

22.d

23.a

24.d

25.b

26.a

27.b

28.c

29.a

30.a

31.a

32.d

33.a

34.b

35.a

36.d

37.a

38.a

39.b

40.b

41.a

42.b

43.c

44.a

45.a

46.c

47.d

48.a

49.b

50.a

51. b 52. b 53. a 54. a 55. d 56. b 57. a 58. c 59. d 60. a

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