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Sociology Review Guide

by: Laura Sperling

Sociology Review Guide SOCY 1001 001

Laura Sperling
CU Denver

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About this Document

These are the terms that will be on Exam 2
Introduction to Sociology
Andrea Harr
Study Guide
Introduction to Sociology
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Laura Sperling on Saturday April 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOCY 1001 001 at University of Colorado Denver taught by Andrea Harr in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Colorado Denver.


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Date Created: 04/02/16
Chapter 6- Deviance Social Control- the techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human behavior in any society - Informal- carried out by ordinary people - Formal- carried out by authorized people; such as police, judges, school administrators Control Theory- a view of conformity and deviance that suggests our connections to members of society leads us to systematically conform to society’s norms Deviance- behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations by a groups or society Stigma- labeling individuals or members of a group as less than whole people due to some attribute that marks them as different in the eyes of others Victimless Crimes- acts involving the willing exchange among adults of widely desired, but illegal, goods and services Strain Theory of Deviance- Morton- theory of deviance as an adaption of socially prescribed goals or of the means of governing their attainment, or both Differential Association- a theory of deviance that holds that violation of rules results from exposure to attitudes favorable to criminal acts Differential Justice- differences in the way social control in exercised over different groups Chapter 7- Family Substantive Definition of Family- based on blood,, meaning shared genetic heritage, and law, meaning social recognition and affirmation of the bond including both marriage and adoption Nuclear Family- a married couple and their unmarried children living together Monogamy- marriage to one person Serial Monogamy- marriage to multiple people, but only one at a time Polygamy- individual may have multiple spouses at one time Polygyny- man has more than one wife Polyandry- woman has more than one husband Functionalist Definition of Families- focuses on how families provide for the physical, social, and emotional needs of individuals and society as a whole- doesn’t have to involve blood 6 Primary Functions of Families: - Reproduction - Socialization - Protection - Regulation of Sexual Behavior - Affection and Companionship - Provision of Social Status Patriarchy- society in which men dominate in family decision making Matriarchy- society in which women dominate in family decision making Cohabitation- the practice of a man and a woman living together in a sexual relationship without being married; can be homosexual Chapter 8- Education and Religion Education- a social institution dedicated to the formal process of transmitting culture from teacher to student 5 Functions that Education serves for both individuals and society: - Cultural Transmission - Social integration - Training and social control - Cultural innovation - Childcare Teacher-Expectancy Effect- impact that a teacher’s expectations about a student’s performance may have on the students actual achievements Tracking- the practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups on the basis of their test scores and other criteria Hidden Curriculum- teaching students to submit to authority and accept society’s dominant ideology Religious Belief- a statement to which members of a particular religion adhere Religious Ritual- a practice required or expected of members of a faith Chapter 9- Government and Economy Power- the ability to exercise one’s will over others even if they resist Authority- power that is recognized as legitimate by the people over whom it is expected Monopoly- control of a market by a single business firm Elite Model- a view of society as being ruled by a small group of individuals who share a common set of political and economic interests Chapter 10- Social Class Life Chances- the likelihood that our success is shaped by our access to valued material, social, and cultural resources Stratification- a structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in society Social Class- a system of stratification primarily based on socioeconomic status, both real and perceived Horizontal Mobility- one position to another of the same rank Vertical Mobility- one position to another of a different rank Intergenerational Mobility- changes in the social position of children relative to their parents Intergenerational Mobility- changes in the social position within a person’s adult life Absolute Poverty- a minimum level of sustenance that no family should be expected to live below Relative Poverty- a floating standard of deprivation by which people at the bottom of a society, whatever their lifestyles, are judged to be disadvantaged in comparison with the nation as a whole Meritocracy- a system in which a person’s social status is achieved through a combination of ability and effort Socioeconomic Status (SES)- a measure of social class position based on a combination of education, occupation, and income


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