New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: N3koKikyu


GPA 3.5
Basic Concepts in Psychology
Keith D Renshaw (P)

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Here is the Final Exam Study Guide it covers Chapter's 1-9, 11 & 13. GOOD LUCK AND HAPPY STUDYING!! :)
Basic Concepts in Psychology
Keith D Renshaw (P)
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Basic Concepts in Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by N3koKikyu on Friday December 11, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 70771 - PSYC 100 - 002 at George Mason University taught by Keith D Renshaw (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Basic Concepts in Psychology in Psychlogy at George Mason University.

Similar to 70771 - PSYC 100 - 002 at Mason




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 12/11/15
Thursday December 10 2015 Psych 100 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Research External Validity how much does your Study seem like the real world lnternal Validity how much control you have over the experiment DESCRIPTIVE CORRELATION Association between two variables The correlation coefficient gt range from 1 to 1 the number equals strength the further away from O the stronger the relationship ADVANTAGES cheaper easier natural setting higher generalizability DISADVANTAGES you cannot infer causation EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH Manipulation of independent variable independent variable cause dependent variable effect Random Assignment confounds confounding variables gt other variables that could be causes ADVANTAGES causeeffect we CAN infer causation more control DISADVANTAGES unnatural setting lower external validity can t answer some ques ons CASE STUDY indepth study of one individual ADVANTAGES rare situation a lot of info about it not generalizable DISADVANTAGES generalizability potential bias external validity Experimenter bias researcher s expectation can affect outcome Thursday December 10 2015 Participant Bias participants expectations can affect outcome Doubleblind experiment neither experiment NOR participant knows what group the participant is in 39 Statistical Significance How likely something is to happen or not likely Ethics in Research must consider effects on participants potential benefits should outweigh potential costs check in book institutional review board informed consent confidentiality debne ng Biological Bases of Behavior Neuron Firing resting potential negative axon is at rest graded gt changes in charge that make firing moreless likely action negative to positive axon fires Neurotransmitter chemicals used in brain to transmit signals from one neuron to another Peripheral Somatic voluntary muscles arm movements Automatic involuntary muscles beating heart sweating Central Spinal cord immediate reflexes Thursday December 10 2015 FourLobes Occipital Vision Temporal Hearing 39 Parietal balance spatial tasks touch Frontal muscle movement executive functions Plasticity flexibility in functions of brain areas when brain compensates for damage Sensation amp Perception Sensation input from sense organs 39 Perception selection organization and interpretation Sensory Adaptation Consciousness Sleep FIVE STAGES Stage 1 light falling asleep theta waves 39 Stage 2 transition Stage 34 Slowwave sleep delta waves Stage 5 REM Rapid Eye Movement Progress gt 90120 minutes per cycle REM SLEEP 39 Replaces Stage 1 in progress Characterized by near muscle paralysis very difficult to wake up dreams Thursday December 10 2015 Memory 3 Processes of Memory 1 Encoding gt putting info into memory 2 Storage gt holding info in memory 3 Retrieva gt getting info out of memory Levels of Processing Shallow gt basic simple repetition sound basic shape Deep gt richer mnemonic meaning category Sensory Memory gt input from senses stored briefly large capacity brief duration ShortTerm Memory gt info transferred from sensory memory attention smaller capacity intermediate duration 2030second Maintained predominantly by rehearsal LongTerm Memory gt information transferred from STM elaboration Priming activation of one node makes a related node more accessible Memory Retrieval Primacy Effect Words at Beginning Recency Effect Words at the End 39 RECOGNITION is easier than RECALL Cognitive Thinking Intelligence And Language Heredity vs Environment Heredity gives a range Environment determines where in that range a person ends up Test of Intelligence Full Scale IQ Verbal IQ Performance IQ StandfordBinet Weschsler Adult Intelligence scale WAIS Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children WISC Thursday December 10 2015 Social Development Attachment gt bond between baby and caregivers 6 months Secure Attachment gt mildly upset when caregiver leaves not out of control happy to see them when they return Anxious Avoidant gt shows little to no reaction to Mom leaving Anxious Ambivalent gt extremely upset baby is distressed kicking at the door isorganized gt depends if they find themselves in anxietyprovoking situations they will be upset Erik Erikson Developed 8 stages of social development that covers entire lifespan 1 Trust vs Mistrust 2 Autonomy vs ShameDoubt Initiative vs Guilt Industry vs Inferiority Intimacy vs Isolation 3 4 5 Identity vs Role Confusion 6 7 Generativity vs Stagnation 8 Ego Integrity vs Despair Piaget developed theory of cognitive development Kohlberg Developed theory of moral development Personality Personality traits consistent over time organized and coherent affect behavior Situationism gt tell me their personality and then tell me the situation and I can tell you exactly how they will behave situation dictates behaviorj Interactionism gt personality drives behavior in weak situation that allows for free expression of personality where strong situation dictate behavior Sigmund Freud Thursday December 10 2015 Conscious gt what we are thinking feeling seeing in the exact moment Preconscious gt stuff we aren t thinking about right now Unconscious gt stuff we bury we don t want to think 39 Accessed by Dreams Freudian Slips Hypnosis Structural Model of the Mind ld gt Libido psychic energy pleasure principle Superego gt Conscience morals values what s right and wrong Ego gt Balances id and superego reality principle 39 Humanism Selfactualization gt all people have the innate tendency to grow and become the best they can be Carl Rogers prominent humanistic psychologist Maslow had theory based on hierarchy of needs Personality Assessment Rorschach lnkblot Test gt show the ink blobs TAT Thematic Apperception Test gt show someone a picture and ask Empirical Test MMPI Minnesota Multi phasic Personality Inventory 39 Validity scales gt does the person seem to have given you a good effort Content scales gt tell you about the person themselves NEO Based on Big 5 MyersBriggs Learning 39 Behaviorism focuses on only OBSERVATIONAL behavior Classical Conditioning Thursday December 10 2015 Unconditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Response Conditioned Stimulus 39 Conditioned Response Generalization where a conditioned response starts occurring in response to the presentation of other similar stimuli not just the conditioned stimulus Extinction the disappearance of a previously learned behavior when the behavior is not reinforced 39 Operant Conditioning Positive Punishment adding something good to remove a bad behavior Positive Reinforcement Adding something goo so behavior is repeated Negative Punishment Removing something good so behavior is decreased Negative Reinforcement Removing something bad so behavior is increased Intermittent Reinforcement given only part of the time a subject gives the desired response Continuous Reinforcement a schedule of reinforcement in which every occurrence of the instrumental response is followed by the reinforcer Disorders Classification Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM International Classification of Diseases Mental and Behavioral Disorders ICD Both above are categorical No etiology description of how something develops Behavioral criteria observable or recordable symptoms Theoretical Perspectives Psychodynamic unconscious conflict Thursday December 10 2015 BehaviorLearning Maladaptive learning patterns Cognitiv Maladaptive thoughts Biomedial Biological dysfunction Biopsychosocial Biological dysfunction internal psychological process social environment Be able to identify Panic Disorder OCD PTSD Major Depression Bipolar disorder DID and Schizophrenia from examples Depression Mood predominantly sadness Appetite sleep increase or decrease Thinking Behavior negative thoughts thoughts of suicide or passive thinking about death Behaviorally withdrawing from others don t enjoy things they used to Spontaneous remission average 69 months to go away 39 Schizophrenia Positive Symptoms psychosis complete disconnect from reality Hallucinations sensations of things that aren t there Delusions beliefs that aren t real Disorganized thoughts behaviors speech lnapprpriate effect emotion that doesn t fit the situation Negative Symptoms Flat affect lack of emotion decrease motivation 39 Catatonia complet lack of response in muscle movement vocal and eye movement Thursday December 10 2015 Perceptions amp Attributions Attributions lnternalExternal do you see the behavior as coming from within a person or from the situation StableUnstable are they always like that ControllableUncontrollable can they control their behavior or was it out of their control Actor Observer Bias Actor external unstable uncontrollable Observer internal stable control Fundamental Attribution Error SelfServing Bias Success internal stable controllable Failure external unstable uncontrollable Research Asch What makes us conform Research Milgram s Power of Social influence Research Zimbardo Wanted to look at social roles he created a fake prison environment where he randomly selected people to be prisoners or guards for two weeks Fake arrested the prisoners and had to obey the guards In five days everything had out of control Prisoners were planning riots doing hunger strikes guards were using force So they had to cancel it Bystander Effect the more people there are that see something bad happen the less likely anyone is to do something about it


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.