Final exam questions
Final exam questions clas260-01
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aimee Castillon on Saturday December 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to clas260-01 at George Mason University taught by Arans in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 682 views. For similar materials see Legacy of Greece & Rome in Classical Studies at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 12/12/15
Why did Zeus punish and exile Prometheus? H e gave fire to humanity GENERAL INTRODUCTION: 1. People who began to study GrecoRoman literature for its own merit as a legacy of the dead languages are called: A Nerds; B Hedonists; C AltruistsD Humanists . Which of the following trends: A Enlightenment; B Neoclassicism; C Romanticism; D Anthropological school; E Psychoanalytical approach to literature, would look back to the classical world in search for: 1. The sphere of reason and social harmony. B 2. The established norms of artistic expression. A 3. Unique individualities representing the spirit of challenge and rebellion. C 4. Explanatory analogy to folklore, myths and rituals of modern traditional societies. D 5. The illustrative set of primal images universally present in human mind. E To which of the following periods of the GrecoRoman world: A Mycenaean Greece; B Dark to Archaic Age; C Classical Greece; D Hellenistic; E Roman, belongs: 1. Alexandrian Library/Museum. D 2. Attic drama. C 3. Caesar's conquest of Gaul. E 4. Homer (whoever was the poet). B 5. The Trojan War (Bronze Age). A Which of the followingocal civilizations: A Minoan; B Etruscan; C Roman; D Mayan, was a direct antecedent of: 1. Greek world. A 2. Roman domination of Italy. B 3. Medieval Europe. C MYTH AND RELIGION: Who of the following accidentprompt personalities: A Icarus; B Narcissus; C Pandora; D Phaeton; E Prometheus: 1. Stole fire from the gods and gave it to the people. E 2. Opened the box of evils. C 3. Fell from the sky, his wings melted by the sun. A 4. Fell from the sky in a crush when driving the chariot of Sun. D 5. Fell in love for himself. C Who of the following heroes: A Herakles; B Jason; C Perseus; D Theseus: 1. Cut off the head of Medusa and saved the maiden Andromeda from the seamonster. C 2. Completed the Twelve Labors. A 3. Was the leader of the Argonauts in search for the Golden fleece. B 4. Killed the Minotaur of the Labyrinth. D 5. The L abyrinth of the Greek myth most probably is: A Computer game; B Organized Labor Union; C Citypalace of Knossus; D Citadel of Mycenae. Who of the following tragic characters: A Medea; B Clytemestra; C Oedipus; D Orestes; E Phaedra: 1. Killed his father and married the mother. C 2. Killed his mother, avenging the murder of the father. D 3. Killed her children from the husband who had left her. A 4. Consumed by the passion for her chaste stepson, caused his death. E Match the husbands: A Agamemnon; B Jason; C Theseus, with the wives: 1. Clytemestra. A 2. Medea. B 3. Phaedra. C PHILOSOPHY: Which of the trends of PreSocratic philosophy: A Ionian; B Eleatic: 1. Inquired into the origins of nature. A 2. Inquired into numerical abstractions. B 3. Denied the reality of movement and change. A 4. Asserted reality of matter. B Match the philosophers: A Democritus; B Heraclitus; C Pythagoras; D Thales of Miletus, with the following leads: 1. The “first philosopher.” D 2. Change/ conflict = universal principle. B 3. Atomistic concept of matter. A 4. Numerical mysticism and metempsychosis. C 5. “Crying philosopher.” B 6. “Laughing philosopher.” A 7. Author of the famous geometric theorem. C Who of the following: A Aristotle; B Plato; C Socrates: 1. Called himself “obstetrician of wisdom.” C 2. Is famous for his irony. C 3. Asserted the ideas as the only reality. B 4. Set forth the logical principles of a formal argument. A Which of the following trends of PostSocratic philosophy: A Cynics; B Epicureans; C Skeptics; D Stoics: 1. Took a vow of poverty. A 2. Took a vow of suspended judgment. C 3. Relied on the Divine Providence. D 4. Denied the existence of Divine Providence. B CLAS. 260 TEST 2. LYRIC POETRY: 1. The most essential/ significant feature of lyric poetry: A Accompanied with a lyre; B Relates a deeply felt emotion; C Written in the Archaic period;D The egopoetry representing the author’s personal attitudes. Which of the following types of lyrical poetry: A Iambos; B Elegy; C Melos: 1. Is closest to natural speech. A 2. Consists of interchanging lines of dactylic hexameter and dactylic pentameter. B 3. Embraces a wide variety of meters and rhythms. C 4. Is typical of poetic invective or dramatic dialogue. A 5. Is a typical medium of melancholic discourse or wisdom precepts. 6. Is suitable for either a personal lovesong or a choral performance. C Who of the following authors: A Anacreon; B Archilochus; C Sappho; D Semonides of Amorgos; E Solon, was: 1. A soldier. B 2. A legislator. E 3. Called “the tenth Muse.” C 4. Grew old, always learning much. C 5. Grew old, always much in love. A 6. Compared female and animal types. D ARTS AND ENTERTAINMENT: In which of the following architectural orders: A Doric; B Corinthian; C Ionic: 1. The column capital is a simple square or circle. A 2. The column capital has a hornlike spiral design. C 3. The column capital has a leafy ornament. B 4. The shape of tholos is: A rectangularB rounded ; C triangular; D polygonal. Which of the following: A Apoxyomenos; B Discobolos; C Doryphoros; D Parthenos: 1. Carries a spear. C 2. Throws discus. B 3. Is a virgin. D 4. Sculptor of Athena Parthenos and the Olympian Zeus: A Myron; B Phidias C Polycleitos; D Praxiteles; E Lysippus. 5. Phryne was acquitted because: A She was a hetaera; B She worshipped Aphrodite; C She looked like Aphrodite ; D She never posed for Aphrodite. 6. Greeks vases were made for: A museum exhibition; B study guide of classical mythology; C academic research; D use as household utensils. 7. Attic black and redfigure pottery belongs to the period: A Cycladic; B Geometric; C Orientalizing; D Classical style. Which of the following types of ceramic ware: A amphora; B hydria; C krater; D kylix; E pyxis, was used for: 1. Transporting and storing wine or olive oil. A 2. Carrying water. B 3. Mixing water and wine at a party. C 4. Drinking. D 5. Toiletries. E 6. Which of these vessels has most handles? B 7. Which of these vessels has least handles? E 8. At banquets, Greeks were A standing; B sitting at the table; C sD reclini. 9. A song most appropriately sung by a person holding a kylix, kantharos or kyathos: A paraclausithyron; B paeC skolion; D threnody; Eparthenion. GREEK POLIS AND THE REST OF THE WORLD: 1. Greek polis is: A an insurance policy; B society of polite people; C municipal police; D citysta; E choral dance. 2. The full extent of the polrightspoliteia) belonged to: A all population of the local community; B all free population; C free males; D cE male citizen. 3. The full rights of polis citizenship were vouchsafed by the duty to: A bear h dren; B bear arms in case of ; C obey the laws; D pay taxes. 4. Hellenic oleis successfully united their forces in resistance to: A Athenian hegemony; B Persian invasi; C Macedonian autocracy; D Roman conquest. 5. What did the Greeks have that the Persians had not? A fine arts; B wisdom; C personal integrit; freedo; E social stability. 6. Greek citystatesA were always in confl B coexisted in harmony; C had nothing in common with each other; D maintained international laws. Who of the distinguished Athenians: A Aspasia; B Pericles; C Themistocles; D Solon: 1. Was the founding father of Athenian democracy. D 2. Saved his country by high treason. C 3. Was the head of Athens at its Golden Age. B 4. Was not a citizen. A 5. Peloponnesian Wars were between: A Argos and Tiryns; B Corinth and Thebes Athens and Spart D Pelops and Hippodameia. 6. Who won Peloponnesian Wars? A Athens; B Carthage; C Rome;D Sparta. 7. Mainland Greek poleis lost their autonomy to: A PerB Macedonia; C Phoenicia; D Alexandria. Who of the following: A Alexander of Macedonia; B Darius I; C Philip of Macedonia; D Xerxes: 1. Had himself repeatedly reminded about the Athenians. B 2. Flogged the Hellespont. D 3. Hired Aristotle to tutor his son. C 4. Conquered Persia. A Classics 260 – Legacy of Greece and Rome. TEST 3 1. How many hills is Rome is built on? A 2; B C 7; D 9. 2. What city is called “eternal”? A Athens; B Troy; C JerusD Rome. 3. Which city is the mythical source of Rome? A Athens; B Mycenae; C Sparta; D Troy. 4. egendary patriarch of the Roman race:A Aeneas B Turnus; C Julus Caesar; D Octavian Augustus. 5. Sibyl is a Roman equivalent oA Pythia; B Hecate; C Siren; D Circe. 6. Who nursed the twin founders of Rome? A SibylB Wolf; C Pharao’s daughter; D Mother Goose. Identify the mothers: A Cleopatra; B Cornelia; C Rhea Silvia; D Sabinae; E Servilia: 7. other of the twin founders of Rome. C 8. others of the first Roman children. D 9. Mother of the brothers Gracchi, famous tribunes of the people. B 10. Mother of Caesar’s only (and shortlived) son. A 11. Caesar’s mistress, the mother of his murderer. E 12. unishment of Vestal Virgins for the loss of chastity: A Flogging; B ExcommunicaC Buried aliv D Life sentence of serving Vesta. 13. ladiatorial shows were first introduced as: A Indiscreet entertainment; B Military exercise; C Tribute to the de; D Religious persecution; E Law enforcement. Of the following historical periods: A Byzantine Empire; B Holy Roman Empire; C Imperial Rome; D Kingdom; E Republic, which was: 14. First. D 15. Last. B 16. Followed the Republic. C 17. A longsurviving extension of the Imperial Rome. A 18. irst and basic Roman Law code: A Ten Commandments; B Twelve Tables; C Four Noble Truths; D Magna Charta; E Code of Napoleon. Identify the following early Romans: A Junius Brutus; B Fabius Cunctator; C Regulus; D Romulus; E Tarquin the Proud: 19. Founded Rome. D 20. ast Roman king. E 21. First Roman consul. A 22. Killed his twin brother for virtually no reason. D 23. Had his sons executed. A 24. eported back to Carthage for execution. C 25. Saved Rome by doing nothing. B Who of the troublemakers: A Catilina; B Coriolan; C Hannibal; D Spartacus: 26. Doubletraitor who spared Rome on his mother’s request. B 27. Crossed the Alps to destroy Rome and nearly succeeded. C 28. Lead the slave war. D 29. lotted a conspiracy; crushed by Cicero. A 30. Whom Julius Caesar had NOT pardoned? A Brutus; B Cicero; C Clodius Pulcher; D Turia’s husband; E Vercingetorix Who of the following (mark al letters that apply to each question): A Caesar; B Catullus; CCicero; D Clodius Pulcher; E Pompey: 31. writer. A, B, C 32. The most famous orator. C 33. A great lyrical poet. B 34. Conquered much of Western Europe; crossed over to Britain. A 35. Once triumvirs, finally enemies. A, E 36. Had a disastrous crush on Clodia Pulchra (=Lesbia). B 37. Was the brother of Clodia Pulchra. D 38. Sneaked to Caesar’s wife at womenonly festival. D 39. Married Caesar’s daughter. E 40. Was murdered. A, C, D, E 41. Caesar fell under his statue in the Senate house. E 42. His head was cut off. C, E Whose of the following: A M. Brutus; B Caesar; C Catullus; D Cicero, are the words: 43. Just as the spirit of the Gauls is prompt to engage in war with great alacrity, to the same degree their mind appears fragile and poorly suited to sustain calamity…” B 44. “I hate and love. Why so, you may ask. I do not know…” C 45. Veni, vidi, vi . D 46. I am not the sort of man who would ever be a suppliant, and I would go further than that, I would stop anyone who expected others to be his suppliants; if this is impossible, I shall keep away from those who are willing to be slaves, and shall judge Rome to be for me wherever it is possible to be free…” A 47. I tracked out his grave, which was unknown to Syracusans <…> I noticed a small column rising a little above the bushes, on which there was the figure of a sphere and a cylinder. And so I at once said to the Syracusans (I had their leading men with me) that I believed it was the very thing of which I was in search. <…> So you see, one of the most famous cities of Greece, once indeed a great school of learning, would have been ignorant of the tomb of its one most ingenious citizen, had not a man of (an obscured town) Arpinum pointed it out.”Tusculan Disputations 5.6466) D 48. The above grave was of: A Aeschylus; B Archimedes; C Hiero; D Marcellus. 49. Who was on the opposite side of the civil strife from the ret Antony; B Brutus; C Cato; D Cicero; E Pompey. 50. bout whom does M. Antony, in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, state repeatedly: “…and ___ is a honorable man…” to the opposite effect intimated in the audience? A Caesar; B Cleopata Brutu; D Cicero; E Pompey. Classics 260 – Legacy of Greece and Rome TEST 4 1. The ax Romana (Roman Peace) was established by Octavian Augustu B Trajan; C Marcus Aurelius; D Constantine the Great. 2. Who won the battle of Actium? A Antony; B CleopatC Octavian; D Pompey. 3. The woman Antony divorced in order to be with his true love: A Fulvia; B; C Cleopatra; D Messalina. 4. efeated Cleopatra: A Was lead in triumph through the streets of Rome; B Seduced Au tus; C Killed herse D Lived happily ever after. Who of the following poets: A Catullus; B Horace; C Ovid; D Vergil: 5. Was ot an Augustan Age poet. A 6. Wrote theOdes and Epodes. B 7. Wrote theeneid. D 8. rote thMetamorphoses. C 9. roteThe Art of Lo. C 10.Was promoted by Maecenas. (Mark all that apply) B & D 11.Was exiled by Augustus. C 12. astigated Julius Caesar in his poems. A 13.Most influenced Dante Alighieri. D 14. rote in a greatest variety of meters. B Who is who to Augustus: A Agrippa Vipsanius; B Antony; C Livia; D Octavia; E Juliae (daughter and granddaughter): 15.True assistant; later soninlaw; orchestrated many victories and successes of Augustus. A 16.Once a colleague in triumvirate and brotherinlaw; finally – an enemy. B 17.Sister. D 18.Wife. C 19.Disappointed Augustus by profligacy and loveaffairs. E 20. The last regret of the emperor Nero: A His act of matricide; B Burning Rome; C Losing his power; D Cutting short his career of an. ctor Which place: A Amphitheater; B Circus; C Theater; D Thermae, would house: 21. hariot races. B 22.Gladiatorial shows. A 23.Actors’ playshows. C 24.Public baths/ spa. D 25. What caused the amphitheater of Pompeii to be closed for ten years (AD 5969)? A Gladiators’ revolt; B Unsafe structures; C Insufficient funds; D Lack of publc Riot in the audience and the massacre of guest Nucerians. 26. Who razed the Second Temple of Jerusalem? A Augustus; B Nero; C Josephus FlavD Titus Flavius. 27. What destroyed Pompeii and Herculaneum in AD 79? A Aetna;B Vesuvius; C Explosion of the island of Thera; D Rotten morals of the citizens; E Destruction of the Temple by the emperor. 28.The most significant import of the excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum is: A Literary papyri; B Artistic masterpieceC Picture of daily life of a Roma; D Golden treasures. 29. hose letter describing the experience of volcano eruption has come down to us as the first record of such phenomenon? A Cicero; B Seneca; C Pliny the ElD Pliny the Younge; E St. Peter. Identify the parts of Roman house: A Atrium; B Impluvium; C Lararium; D Triclinium; E Peristyle. 30. Shrine of the familygods. C 31. ig central hall. A 32. Shallow pool in the middle of the hall, catching rainwater through the opening in the roof. B 33. Dining room. D 34. Colonnadegallery surrounding the inner garden. E 35. ersecution of Christians in Rome is first recorded at the time of: A Aug Nero; C Vespasian Flavius; D Marcus Aurelius. Who of the following emperors: A Tiberius; B Nero; C Septimius Severus; D Elagabal, E Commodus (mark all that apply): 36. Were notoriously absorbed with astrology, dreams and portents. C 37. Were notorious for extravagant acting and impersonations. B, E, D Who of the following emperors: A Claudius; B Marcus Aurelius; C Diocletian; D Constantine; E Julian the Apostate, (mark all that apply): 38. Restructured the empire with drastic innovations. C & D 39. Wrote scholarly or philosophical treatises. A, B, E 40. Stoic philosopher. B 41. Adopted Christianity. D 42. Was born Christian, turned pagan. E 43. Divided the empire into the Eastern and Western parts. C 44. Was considered mildly retarded. A Who of the imperial ladies: A Livia; B Messalina; C Agrippina; D Julia Domna: 45. as murdered for erotic indiscretions. B 46. Was murdered on the order of her son. C 47. Was taken, 6 month pregnant, from her husband to marry the emperor. A 48. er son killed his brother in her arms. D 49. Who built the wall across Britain ~AD 132? A Agricola; B Queen Boudicca; C Domitian; D Hadrian. 50. riumphal procession of the Emperor Aurelian in AD 272 featured the captive queen in golden chains: A Cleopatra; B Boudicca; CHerodiaD Zenobia.
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