Final Exam Study Guide
Final Exam Study Guide PSYC 218 - 01
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PSYC 218 - 01
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jasmine Sandozz on Saturday December 12, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 218 - 01 at Radford University taught by Lara Barbir in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Adolescent Psychology in Psychlogy at Radford University.
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Date Created: 12/12/15
Final Exam Study Guide Chapters 11 12 and 13 Chapter 11 Achievement Work and Careers intrinsic motivation internal motivational factors such as selfdetermination curiosity and challenge and effort Extrinsic motivation external motivational factors such as rewards and punishments 3 types of student motivation 1 selfdetermination and personal choice 2 optional experiences and flow Csikszentmihayli s concept go optimal life experinces which he believes occur most often when people develop a sense of mastery and are absurd 3 cognitive engagement and self responsibility Attribution theory The theory that in their effort tot make sense of their own behavior or performance individuals are motivated to discover its underlying causes Self efficacy The belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes Mentors Individuals who are usually older and more experiencedmotivated to improve the competence and character of a younger person Anxiety A vague highly unpleasant feeling of fear or apprehension Self Handicapping Use of failure avoidance strategies such as not trying in school or putting off studying lowlevel of performance Mindset cognitive view individuals develop for themselves Fixed mindset individuals believe their qualities are carved in stone and can t be changed Growth mindset individuals believe their qualities can change and improve through effort ntentional Selfregulation selecting golas or outcomes optimizing the means to achieve desired outcomes and compensating for setbacks along the way Purpose An intention to accomplish something meaningful to one s self and contribute to something beyond the self Work and Achievement 8090 of high schoolers work while in school Working can effect your school work if you re full time job and school Boys spend more time in labor work young adolescents work more than 8 hours a day part time 1020 hours 81 percent of part time college students were employed Careerbased learning experience is promoted in college Exploration career choices and planning all done in your frontal lobe Parents heavily influence kids the environment they grow up in pressure either too high or too low ethnocentric thinking your culture is better than other American adolescents spend 40 less time doing homework than Asian Americas Rites of passage rituals that mark an individuals transition from one status to another Western countries notable for lack of formal rites of passage that mark the transition from adolescence to adulthood SES and poverty 3 defining factors income occupa on educa on Socioeconomic Status A grouping of people with similar occupational educational and economic characteristics variations in neighborhood settings can influence adolescents adjustment and achievement Western cultures use authoritative parenting style Maslow s hierarchy of needs starts from bottom to top selfactualization Esteem LoveBelonging Safety Physiological Poverty Poverty is defined by economic hardship in 2008 365 femaleheaded families lived in poverty Feminization of poverty The fact that more women live in poverty than men Ethnicity Language barriers Change in SE8 dislocation and separation from support barriers Bicultural orientation deficits Racebased traumatic stress Media TV 3 possible explanations 1 Interference 2 Displacement 3 Selfdefeating Music 23 CD s are purchased by 1024 year old Computers cell phones and the internet good communication skills the ability to solve problems to think deeply and creatively to have positive attitudes 75 o of the US 1217 year olds have a cell phone 50 of the adolescents sent 50 text messages a day 1417 year old girls send about 100 texts a day Studies done about sexting Individualism Giving priory to personal goals rather their group goals Collectivism emphasizes values that serve the group by subordinating personal goals to preserve the group Chapter 13 Abnormal Psych biopsychosocial approach Approach that emphasizes that problems develop through an interaction of biological psychological and social factors Developmental psychopathology approach Approach that focuses on describing and exploring the developmental pathways of problems Developmental cascades A developmental psychopathology approach that emphasis connections across domains over time to influence developmental pathways and outcomes internalizing problems emotional conditions that develop when individuals turn problems inward Externalizing problems Behavior that occurs when individuals turn problem outward Stress The response of individuals to stressors which threatentax their coping abilities Acculturative stress The negative consequences that result from contact between two distinctive cultural groups Coping Managing taxing circumstances expending effort to solve life s problems and seeking to master or reduce stress Problemfocused coping Lazarus term for the strategy of squarely facing one s troubles and trying to solve them Emotionfocused coping Lazarus term for responding to stress in an emotional manner especially by using defense mechanism Hallucinogens Drugs that alter an individuals perceptual experience and produce hallucinations mindaltering drugs LSD Marijuana is most used hallucinogen StimulantsDrugs that increase the activity of the central nervous system Nicotine MDMA Caffeine Cocaine Ritalin Depressants Drugs that slow down the central nervous system bodily functions and behavior Alcohol tranquilizers Xanax sleeping pills Anabolic Steroids drugs derived from the male sex hormone testosterone nhalants ordinary household products that are inhaled or sniffed Juvenile delinquency A broad range of behaviors including socially unacceptable behavior status offenses and criminal acts ndex offenses Acts such as robbery rape and homicide that are crimes regardless of whatever they are committed by juvenile or adults Status offenses Juvenile offenses performed by youth under a specified age that are not as serious as index offensesThese offenses may include acts such as underage drinking truancy and sexual promiscuity Conduct disorder The psychiatric Diagnostic category for the occurrence of multiple delinquent activities over a sixmonth period These offenses may include acts such as truancy running away fire setting cruelty to animals breaking and entering and excessive fighting Major depressive disorder The diagnosis when an individual experiences a major depressive episode and depressed characteristics such as lethargy and depression for two weeks or longer and daily functioning becomes impaired Anorexia An eating disorder that involves the restless pursuit of thinner through starvation Bulimia An eating disorder in which the individual consistently follows a binge andpurge eating pattern Binge eating disorder involves frequent binge eating without compensatory behavior like the purging that characterizes bulimics
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