New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chemistry 1: Test 3 Study Guide

by: Madison Greer

Chemistry 1: Test 3 Study Guide ch 1213

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > Chemistry > ch 1213 > Chemistry 1 Test 3 Study Guide
Madison Greer

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

study guide for test 3
Chemistry 1
Erin Dornshuld
Study Guide
Chemistry, Test 3, Study Guide, dornschuld, Eric
50 ?




Popular in Chemistry 1

Popular in Chemistry

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Madison Greer on Saturday April 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ch 1213 at Mississippi State University taught by Erin Dornshuld in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 183 views. For similar materials see Chemistry 1 in Chemistry at Mississippi State University.


Reviews for Chemistry 1: Test 3 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/02/16
• chemical reaction- a process that neither creates not destroys atoms, but rearranges them in chemical compounds • chemical equation- uses chemical symbols to denote what occurs in a chemical reaction • reactant- each chemical species that appears to the left of the arrow • product- each species that appears to the right of the arrow • aqueous- dissolved in water • stoichiometric coefficients- used to achieve a balanced chemical equation • KNOW HOW TO BALANCE CHEMICAL EQUATIONS • The Greek letter delta denotes that heat has been added to the reaction. • combination reaction- two or more reactants combine to form a single product • decomposition reaction- two or more products form from a single reactant • double replacement reaction- two compounds react and the positive ions and the negative ions of the two reactants switch places to form two new products • acid/base reaction- an acid and a base produce water and a salt • combustion reaction- a substance hat burns in the presence of oxygen; products will ALWAYS be carbon dioxide and water • combustion analysis- the experimental determination of an empirical formula can be carried out using this method • limiting reagent— the reactant that is completely consumed • excess reagents- reactants that are still present after the limiting reagent is consumed • theoretical yield- using stoichiometry to determine the amount of product formed in a reaction • actual yield- the product that was actually obtained • percent yield- the ratio of theoretical yield and actual yield multiplied by 100% • KNOW HOW TO FIND LIMITING REAGENT AND EXCESS REAGENT • KNOW HOW TO CALCULATE THEORETICAL YIELD AND PERCENT YIELD • solution- a homogenous mixture of two or more substances; saltwater • solvent- the substance present in the largest amount; water • solute- the substance in a solution that is not the solvent; salt • electrolyte- a substance that dissolves in water to produce ions; conducts electricity • non-electrolyte- a substance that dissolves in water that does not produce ions; does NOT conduct electricity • dissociation- the process by which an ionic compound breaks apart into its constituent ions • ionization- the process by which a molecular compound forms ions when it dissolves • Acids and bases are molecules that ionize in water. • acid- a substance that produces H+ ions when dissolved in water • base- a substance that produces OH- ions when dissolved in water • strong electrolyte- a compound that dissociates completely in water • !!!MEMORIZE!!! Strong Acids Strong Bases HCl LiOH HBr NaOH HI KOH HNO 3 RbOH HClO 3 CsOH HClO 4 Ca(OH) 2 H 2O 4 Sr(OH) 2 Ba(OH) 2 • weak electrolyte- compound that does NOT completely dissociate in water • Strong acids and strong bases are strong electrolytes. • A double arrow in a chemical equation means that the dissolved parts are able to “bounce” back and forth to create the reactant even though it is dissolved in water; NOT completely dissociated/dissolved in water; also known as dynamic chemical equilibrium. • ionic compound- metal plus a nonmetal • precipitate- an insoluble solid product that separates from a solution • precipitation reaction- corresponding chemical reaction that forms a precipitate • hydration- when an ionic substance dissociates in water, the water molecules remove the individual ions from the 3D crystal lattice and surround them • insoluble- very slightly soluble • !!!MEMORIZE!!! Water- soluble Compounds Insoluble Exceptions Compounds containing an alkali metal (first column on periodic table) cation (Li+, Na+, K+, + Rb+, Cs+) or the ammonium ion (NH ) 4 Compounds containing the nitrate ion (NO ), 3 acetate ion (C 2 O3),2or chlorate ion (ClO ) 3- Compounds containing the chloride ion (Cl-), Compounds containing Ag+, Hg 22+, or Pb2+ bromide ion (Br-), or iodide ion (I-) Compounds containing Ag+, Hg 22+, Pb , Ca ,2+ Compounds containing the sulfate ion (SO ) 4- 2+ 2+ Sr , or Ba • !!!MEMORIZE!!! Water-insoluble Compounds Soluble Exceptions Compounds containing the carbonate ion (CO ), 32- phosphate ion (PO ), chromate ion (CrO ), or 2- Compounds containing Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, or 4 4 NH 4+ sulfide ion (S )- Compounds containing Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+, or Compounds containing the hydroxide ion (OH-) 2+ Ba • metathesis=double replacement reaction • molecular equations- equations not explicitly writing out the individual ions • ionic equations- represent any compound that exists completely or predominantly as ions in the solution • net ionic equations- only show the ions directly involved in the reaction • spectator ions- in an ionic equation, ions that are found on both sides of the arrow (equal sign) • Arrhenius acid- a substance that increases H+ concentration when added to water • Arrhenius base- a substance that increases OH- concentration when added to water • Brønsted acid- a proton donor • Brønsted base- a proton acceptor • monoprotic- an acid with one ionizable hydrogen • diprotic- an acid with two ionizable hydrogens • triprotic- an acid with three ionizable hydrogens • Most of the time we call acids with more than one ionizable hydrogen, polyprotic • neutralization reaction- a reaction between an acid and a base the produce water and a salt • salt- an ionic compound • oxidized- lose electrons • reduced- gain electrons • oxidizing agent- the species that accepts the electrons • reducing agent- the species that donates the electrons • oxidation number (oxidation state)- the charge an atom would have if electrons were transferred completely • Elements that show an increase in oxidation number are oxidized. • Elements that show a decrease in oxidation number are reduced. • KNOW HOW TO ASSIGN OXIDATION NUMBERS • single displacement reaction- when an element or ion moves out of one compound and into another • activity series- a list of metals (and hydrogen) arranged from bottom to top in order of increasing ease of oxidation • An element in the activity series will be oxidized by the ions of any element that appears below it. • Elements will NOT be oxidized by elements that appear above it • concentration- the amount of solute dissolved in a given quantity of a solvent or solution • molarity (M)- defined as the number of moles of solute per liter of solution • dilution- make a concentrated solution less concentrated • KNOW HOW TO FIND MOLARITY • KNOW HOW TO FIND MOLARITY FROM A DILUTION • gravimetric analysis- an analytical technique based on the measurements of mass • KNOW HOW TO CALCULATE PERCENT BY MASS • titration- a standard solution is added gradually to another solution of unknown concentration until the chemical reaction between the two solutions is complete • standard solution- a solution of accurately known concentration • equivalence point- the point in the titration at which all the acid (or base) has been neutralized • endpoint- the point at which the color changes • disproportionation reaction- occur when one element undergoes both oxidation and reduction • KNOW HOW TO DO ACID/BASE NEUTRALIZATION TITRATION


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.