Diversity I Exam IV Study Guide
Diversity I Exam IV Study Guide 210
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jacob Erle on Monday December 14, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 210 at Syracuse University taught by Dr. Justine Weber in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Diversity of Life I in Foreign Language at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 12/14/15
Diversity of Life I Exam 4 Study Guide eedless Vascular Plants Know timeline handout provided by Dr Fernando which includes dates and signi cant events during the life history of plants When did plants rst conquer land on Earth Oldest known plant genus When did seedless vascular plants really take off and begin to dominate Why What plant phvla were mainlv seen during the Carboniferous Period Lycopodiophyta and Monilophyta What are some unique characteristics andor uses of each phylum Lycopodiophyta Monilophyta What research on ferns has been here at SUNY ESF Why bother researching these ferns at all Gymnosperms When did seed bearing plants ie conifers rst develop What conditions gave rise to the development of seedbearing plants ie conifers During the Triassic Period the quotgrand designquot of the seed was perfected What are some of the advantages of using seeds for reproduction Seed plants Phyla with extant representatives 1Cycadophyt 2Ginkgophyta 3Coniferophyt Gymnosperms 1000sp naked seed plants ovules not e closed 4Gnetophyta 5Anthophyta I Angiosperms gt3000005p fruit and ower bearing plants Characteristics of the above gymnosperm phyla Morphology Distribution Uses etc Cycadophyta cycads Ginkooohvta oinkoo Gnetoohvta 70 livino soecies 3 oenera Gnetum Ephedra and WeWitschia Coniferophyta conifers 627 species Research at ESF Male Gametophyte Development and Evolution in Extant Gymnosperms Fernando et al 2010 What conclusions can be drawn based on the given information on the history of gymnosperms Diversity of Gymnosperms nife Know the ones that really stand out and know your superlatives A lot of room has been left in between because of the many many examples given Important conifers throuqhout the world Conifers native to North America Conifers that are native or naturalized in NYS Angiosperms Watch David Attenborough s The Private Life of Plants Flowering What group of plants is responsible for hay fever and why How do owers prevent selffertilization Compare and contrast insect pollination to bird pollination to mouse pollination What roles do the petals play in pollination Why do pollinators poinate What reward is offered to the female wasos in a particular d tree Species What are some of the unique adaptations that are common to all orchids mic SW 250000 species 400 families and 90 found in Kingdom Plantae inhabit large range of diverse habitats large variability in form and funcUon Smallest angiosperm TaHest anoiosoerm Largest owering structure Be able to provide examples of the following Pants with widest stems are angiosperms Some of the oldest living things are angiosperms clones of some species were estimated to be over 10000 years old seed establishment from Holocene Some angiosperms are carnivorous Some angiosperms parasitize plants Symbiotic N xation in angiosperms improve soil via symbiosis with microbes Some angiosperms don t need soil Most world biomes are dominated by angiosperms save for taiga and temperate evergreen forest Vast majority of all crops are angiosperms Angiosperms are important protein source Fowering plants as construction material Angiosperms important in medicine drugs Cultural and historical importance of angiosperms Main characteristics of anoiosoerms apomorphies novel evolutionary features Flowers modi ed shoots with modi ed leaves Know the parts Flower head sepal and petal Pistil Receptacle Pedicel Stamen Origin of carpels and pistil lnsertion type and ovary position Know which is Inferior and which is Superior based on location of ovary hypogynous perigunous epigynous Fruit types enarged ovary wall dehiscent vs indehiscent dry vs eshy Vascular tissues Xylem Phloem Rapid diversi cation of angiosperms began during Cretaceous Period and they have radiated more so ever since Angiosperms Diversity Evolution and Systematics Most archaic extant angiosperms Where are they found Unique characteristics What characteristics make Nymphaeaceae Water Lily Family the next evolutionary step up Magnoliids economic importance ex Piper nigrum Liriodendron tulipfera Aristolochiaceae Dutchman s pipe Family Synapomorphy Aristolochia ower characteristics No petals fused carpels 6 inferior ovary stamens not differentiated 12 adnate to style Eudicots most owering plants Synapomorphies Compare and contrast Basal and Core Eudicots evolutionary relationship characteristics examples of each Be able to provide examples of the following Euphorbiaceae Spurge Family Cyathium false ower L V Fabaceae Ledume family i 3rd largest Angiosperm family 2nCI largest in economic importance Legume ower imbricate ith upper petal outmost with 2 basal petals connate or coherent at ap stamens are diadelp r Rosaceae Rose familv Perianth outer part of ower 5 Numerous stamens k hypanthium oral cup site from which sepals and stamens form Brassicaceae Mustard family Flower and Fruit Petas form cross silique seedpod with septa and replum part that connects seed to the frame of the pod ltetradynamous stamens 6 stamens and 2 are shorter than the other 4 Asteraceae Aster family very diverse 23000 species 1 rank among plant families Be able to differentiate from eudicots and give examples Monocots Liliaceae Lily and lridaceae Iris Orchidaceae Orchid Familv 19500 species ranks 2 among plant families orchid labellum adapted to speci c pollinators Poaceae Grass Family 10000 species ranks 4 in species richness Where these are mainly found Pollination mechanism Woody Angiosperms a dicot that exhibits a growth patterns of secondary tissue of wood Palms and other monocots are excluded Orders of Angiosperms with Signi cant Number of Woody Species Be able to provide examples of the following Magnoliales Laurales Ranuncales Urticales Fagales Casuarinales Ca ryophyllales Ha mamelidales Jugulandales Polygonales and Plumbaginales weren t really covered Violales Dilleniales wasn39t really covered Theales Malvales Lecythidales Salicales Ericales Ebanales Capparales Proteales Cornales Santales Celastrales Rhizophorales Apiales wasn39t really covered Rhamnales What is an example of a tree like dicot Fabales Myrtales Malpighiales Euphorbiales Rosales Sapindales Lamiales Gentianales Rubiales Dipsacales Scrophulariales Any additional trees that are monocots don t produce wood Woody Angiosperms of New York State Know which trees are found in the following community types Boreal Alpine Old Fields Mesic Mixed Hardwoods Drv Mixed Ha rdwoods Hardwood Swamps Floodplain Communities Wet Meadows Eastern Lake Ontario Dunes Pine Barrens Bog n D 3 Woody Species Restricted to Downstate especially Long Island
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