Japanese 202 Chapter 18 Study Guide
Japanese 202 Chapter 18 Study Guide Japa 202
Popular in Japanese 202
Popular in Japanese
This 14 page Study Guide was uploaded by Adrianna Martin on Saturday April 2, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Japa 202 at a university taught by Miho Endo in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views.
Reviews for Japanese 202 Chapter 18 Study Guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/02/16
Vocab Nouns ああ the rest ああああ air conditioner ああああ curtain あああああ cushion ああああ shampoo ああああ soy sauce ああああ switch あああ soup ああああ skirt ああ outside あああ sofa あああ towel あああ diary あああ banana ああああああ popcorn ああ insect あああ rent ああああ evening あああああああ answering machine あああああ refrigerator ああああ candle あ-adjectives ああああ bright あああああああ to feel sick あああ dark あああああ embarrassing; to feel embarrassed U-verbs ああ (something) opens (あ) ああああ to apologize (person あ) ああ to press; to push (あ) あああ to drop (something) (あ) あああああ water boils あああ to fall down あああ to break (something) (あ) ああ to bloom (あ) あああ (something) closes (あ) ああああ to be saved; to be helped あああ to ask (a favor) (person あ~あ) ああ (something) turns on (あ) あああ to make dirty (あ) Ru-verbs あああ (something) drops (あ) あああああ to tidy up (あ) あああああ to think (about); to consider ああああ to become dirty (あ) あああ (something) goes off (あ) ああああ (something) breaks (あ) Irregulars あああああああ to place an order (あ) Adverbs & other expressions ああああ right away ああああ thanks to (あ) あああああああああああ see you. (literally, I’m leaving ahead of you) ああああああ(あああ) you must be tired after working so hard (ritualistic expression) ~(あ)あああ short form of ~(あ)ああああ あああああ what should I/we do? あああああ really ああ first of all ~あああ by (time/date) New Kanji あ - eye Looks like an eye with lines through it ああああ- ああ ああああ- あ あ -あ - eye あああ -ああ(あ) – stand out; be conspicuous ああ -ああああ - purpose あ - target; -ish Left radical- white (あああ) ああああ- ああ ああああ- ああ ああ -ああああ - purpose ああ -あああああ – hit the bull’s eye あ - power Katakana あ ああああ- あああ; ああ ああああ- あああ あああ -ああああ(あ) – man of great (physical) strength あああ -ああああああ – physical labor あ - ocean; overseas Left radical- water (ああああ) Right radical- sheep (あああ) (that radical by itself is ああ meaning huge) ああああ- ああ ああああ- None ああ -あああああ – Western food ああ -ああああ – Western clothes あ - clothes Left radical- body (straight left stroke instead of curved あ) ああああ- ああ ああああ- None あ -ああ - clothes ああ -ああああ – Western clothes あ - hall Bottom radical- ああ ああああ- ああ ああああ- None ああ -あああああ – dining hall; diner; cafeteria あ - to instruct Left radical- ああ Right radical- あああ ああああ- ああ ああああ- ああ(ああ) ああ -あああああ - professor ああ -あああああ - class あ - business; vocation Bottom radical- tree (あ) ああああ- あああ ああああ- None ああああ-あああああ - occupation ああ -あああああ - class あ - test; to try Left radical- word (ああああ) Right radical- ceremony (ああ) ああああ- あ ああああ- あああ(ああ) ああ -ああああ – entrance exam ああ -あああ - exam あ - to examine Left radical- horse (ああ) ああああ- ああ ああああ- None ああ -あああ - exam あああ-ああああ - experience あ - to lend; loan Bottom radical- seashell (ああ) Top right radical- change (ああ) ああああ- ああ ああああ- あ(あ) あ あ-あ(あ) – to lend ああ -ああああ – reserved; chartered (bus, space) あ - drawing; to devise Inside radical- katakana あ ああああ- あ; あ ああああ- ああ(あ) ああ -ああ - map あ - building; hall Left radical- あああ Top right radical- roof Bottom right radical- table ああああ- ああ あああ - あああああ- movie theatre あああ -あああああ- library ああ -ああああ- Japanese inn あ - to end Left radical- thread (ああああ) Right radical- ああ(winter) ああああ- あああ ああああ- あ(ああ;ああ) あ ああ-あああ – (something) ends あ ああ-あああ- to end (something) あ - inn; to lodge in Top radical- roof Bottom left radical- person Bottom right radical- hundred ああああ- あああ ああああ- ああ ああ -あああああ – homework あ - title; topic Right radical- big shell ああああ- ああ ああ -あああああ – homework ああ -ああああ- title Grammar Transitive vs. Intransitive Verbs Transitive Intransitive あああ (open something) ああ (something opens) あああ (close something) あああ (something closes) あああ (put something in) あああ (something enters) ああ (take something out) ああ (something goes out) あああ (turn something on) ああ (something turns on) ああ (turn something off) あああ (something turns off) あああ (break something) ああああ (something breaks) あああ (make something dirty) ああああ (something becomes dirty) あああ (drop something) あああ (something drops) あああ (boil water) ああ (water boils) ああああ (begin something) ああああ (something begins) あああ (wake someone) あああ (someone wakes up) Here is an example of transitive vs. intransitive. I began class vs. Class began. A transitive verb is a verb that acts on a direct object (in this case class). Another way to think of it is that in the first sentence “I” did an action (began class) while in the second sentence “class” did the action. In English the only difference is whether a direct object is present or not, but in Japanese, some verbs have different intransitive forms. Therefore, in Japanese this would be あああああをああをあああ vs. あああをああをあああああ Transitive verbs: Includes a direct object Describe “situations” Direct object has あ particle Focus is on the person performing the action Intransitive: Does not have a direct object Object/person performs the action (on its own) Object/person has あ particle Describe “changes” Focus is on the event/action not the person who performs it Verb form pattern: あ,あ, and あendings= intransitive あ endings= transitive あ<->あ ああ<->ああ あ<->ああ あ<->あ ああ<->ああ Exceptions to the pattern: あああああ ああ<->ああ ああ<->あああ あああ<->あああ あああ<->ああ あああ Transitive +ててて describes activities/actions in progress Intransitive + ててて describes changes/resultant state あああああ A あ-form verb + あああ can be used to express an action that was done regretfully or with deliberation/to completion. Short form: ああああ->あああ ああああ->あああ Examples: ああああああああああああああ I wrote the letter (with deliberation). ああああああああああああああ I ate lunch (completely). あああああああああああああああああ I (regretfully) did not finish my homework. ああ あ can be used to say that whenever something happens something else happens (typically as a result). It can be formed by stating phrase 1 in present short-form + あ + phrase 2. This can only be used to describe things that are cause and effect. Things that happen as a result, that are non-controllable. (It can also use used to describe habitual actions, though. Like always skiing in the winter) あis more limited than ああ since ああ simply means one thing is done before the other. ああcan describe one-time events. あcan also be used to describe something that will naturally happen if something happens such as crying if someone were to die. Example: あああああああああああああああ Every time I see a dog I become happy. ~あああ Verb stem + あああ can be used to show simultaneous actions completed by the same person. Unlike in English, you should always put the most important action last. So, for example, if you are listening to music as you are doing homework, you would put listening to music first followed by doing your homework since doing your homework should be the most important action being completed. Example: あああああああああああああああああああああ I listen to music while walking my dog. ~あああああああ あ form describes a hypothetical condition. Clause A (the condition) is followed by clause B (the result). It can be used to describe an open condition (such as something that may or may not happen in the future) or a hypothetical condition (such as I would do this thing if this thing happened). あ form is generally only used to describe positive results. あああああああ can be used to describe regrets for not doing something in the past. Essentially, it is the same as saying “it would have been good if I had done…” あ & Irregular verbs Replace あ with ああ あverbs Potential form except the あ is a あ あ adjectives Replace あ with あああ あ adjectives & nouns Replace あ with あああ or ああああ Negative form Take off あ from ああ form and replace it with あああ (like in ああああああああ) Example: あああああああああああああああああああああああ It would have been good if I had made friends when I was a kid.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'