×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UW - Biol 180 - Class Notes - Week 4
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UW - Biol 180 - Class Notes - Week 4

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

UW / Biology / BIOL 180 / What is Plato's Typological Thinking based upon?

What is Plato's Typological Thinking based upon?

What is Plato's Typological Thinking based upon?

Description

School: University of Washington
Department: Biology
Course: Introductory Biology
Professor: Scott freeman
Term: Summer 2015
Tags: Biology, BIOL, Bio, 180, notes, exam, 1, first, study, and guide
Cost: 25
Name: BIOL 180 Exam 1 Notes
Description: All the necessary notes from the textbook for the first Exam in Biology 180.
Uploaded: 12/17/2015
15 Pages 215 Views 0 Unlocks
Reviews


.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-6}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-5 0}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-8}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-5 0}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-0 0}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-6}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-8}ul.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-6 0}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-6}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-6 0}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-2}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-4}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-4 0}ul.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-8}ul.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-0 0}ul.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-2}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-5 0}ul.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-0}ul.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-3}ul.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-0}ul.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-1}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-1 0}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-4 0}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-2}.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-1 0}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-4 0}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-2 0}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-1}.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-5 0}.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-4}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-0,upper-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-3 0}.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-0,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-3 0}.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-4 0}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-0 0}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-2 0}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-3 0}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-7}.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-6,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-1 0}.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-4}.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-8 0}.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-5}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-7}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-6,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-8 0}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-5}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-5}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-2 0}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-1,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-2 0}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-3}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-1 0}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-3}.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-8 0}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-7}.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-3 0}.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-7 0}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-7 0}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-5}ul.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-0 0}.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-6 0}ul.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-8}.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-7 0}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-7,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-6 0}ol.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-8 0}.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-1}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-0}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-3,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-1,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-2}ul.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ll7mc15kdeoh-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bft562f1y4wl-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_xaldobn7gh58-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-6}.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-3}.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-1}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-0}.lst-kix_kqscrjriwg72-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_o7u9vyx0ktvh-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_og9dbbhhgo01-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-4}.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_wn0ps5rybvkv-7 0}ul.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_d2kmyzireaty-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_76q2ll7kd2jo-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zbdpk0ckc06q-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ytg64nz05g8j-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_78lw7t1kxwt8-7}

Unit 5 Chapter 25: Evolution by Natural Selection

  • Scientific theories usually have two components: a pattern and a process

We also discuss several other topics like What does Autosomal Dominant Trait refer to?

A. Evolution of Evolutionary Thought

  1. Plato and Typological Thinking: based on the idea that species are unchanging types and that variation within species are unimportant or even misleading
  2. Aristotle and Great Chain of Being: claims (1) species are fixed types, and (2) some species are higher or more complex than others.
  3. Lamarck and Idea of Evolution as Change Through Time first to suggest evolution (change of species over time); progressive because it claims species will continue to produce larger and more complex, or "better" species through genetic inheritance
  4. Darwin and Wallace and Evolution by Natural Selection:
  • population: consists of individuals of the same species that are living in the same area at the same time.
  • denounced typological thinking and called attention to variation to understand evolution, also known as “population thinking"
  • why it was revolutionary: it overturned the idea that species are static and unchanging, replaced typological thinking with population thinking, and it was scientific by proposing a mechanism that could account for changes and making predictions based on tested experiments.

We also discuss several other topics like What is an error in meiosis or mitosis resulting in a doubling of a chromosome number?

B. The Pattern of Evolution: Have Species Changed, and Are They Related?

  • Darwin described evolution as "descent with modification"
  • the theory of evolution by natural selection makes two predictions about the nature of species:
  1. species change through time.
  2. species are related by common ancestry

  1. Evidence for Change through Time

Fossil: trace of an organism that lived in the past. We also discuss several other topics like How is human population growth measured?

a. Vastness of geologic time

  • The geologic record indicates that the Earth was much older than 6000 years claimed by proponents of special creation.
  • Earth is about 4.6 billion years old and the earliest signs of life appear in rocks that formed 3.4-3.8 billion years ago.

b. Extinction Changes the Species Present on Time.

  • fossil records suggest that over 99% of species that have ever lived are now extinct.

c. Fransitional Factures Link older and Younger Species

  • transitional features : trait that is intermediate between ancestral and younger species
  • features that gradually change over time but are relative
  • leads to prediction using the theory of evolution: if traits observed in more recent species evolved from traits in more ancient species, then transitional features are expected to occur in the apt time sequence

d. Vestigial Traits are Evidence of Change through Time.. We also discuss several other topics like What are the key labels used to characterize verbal communication preferences?

vestigial trait: reduced or incompletely developed structure with no or We also discuss several other topics like What is the importance of cultural intelligence?

reduced function, but is clearly similar to functioning organs or structures

in closely related species

e. Current Examples of Change Through Time: antibiotic resistance; We also discuss several other topics like Name the practical applications of geology.

bacteria growing resistance.

  1. Evidence of Descent from a Common Ancestor

a. Similar Species are found in the same area.

  • this observation found by Darwin support that species are derived from a common ancestor
  • phylogenetic tree: diagram describing ancestor descendant relationships among species.

b. Similar Species Share Homologies

  • homology similarity in species inherited from a common ancestor
  • 3 levels of homology interact : genetic homology causes developmental homologies observed in embryos which then lead to the structural homologies recognized in adults.
  • The theory of evolution by natural selection predicts that homologies will occur, special Creation does not.

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here