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Stagecraft Study Guide

by: Brooke Kaufman

Stagecraft Study Guide Thea 1200

Marketplace > Thea 1200 > Stagecraft Study Guide
Brooke Kaufman
GPA 3.83

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About this Document

Here is an overview of what we have learned all semester in Stagecraft
Stagecraft 1
Study Guide
Tools, scenic, paint, wood, metal, Paper, Glass, saw, hammer, bolt, pipe, curtains, theater
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brooke Kaufman on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Thea 1200 at a university taught by Kate/Pat in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.


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Date Created: 04/03/16
Stagecraft Final Study Guide  Basic Information o Safety: before working in a shop, always find the exits, fire extinguishers, pull stations o Be aware of surroundings at all times o No food and drink o Pull hair back, wear form fitting clothes, lift from the knees and not the waist o PPE: Personal Protective Equipment (OSHA) has specific guidelines for safety always in the shop and online as well o ANSI: American National Safety Institute tests what is unsafe o Eye protection is required of grade ANSI 287 o Know when to use face shields, respirators, etc. o Hot work: anything that is heated and creates an open flame or spark o SDS: Safety Data Sheet tells you what chemicals are dangerous and unsafe  Hand tools o Tape measure o Tolerance: how close you need to be to the exact measurement to be still ok o Burning: adding the amount said to account for an inaccurate foot on the tape measure o Framing square: checks 90 degree angle o Combination square: has 90 and 45 degree angle o Speed square: heavy duty square with hypotenuse degrees on it  Angles o Protractor: has angles on it o Bevel gauge: doesn’t tell you and angle but can line up and set against saw to make a perfect fit  Hammers o Straight claw hammer: can get into corners o Curve claw hammer: more leverage to pull things out o Waffle head hammer: looks like a meat tenderizer  Bars o Wonder bar/flat bar: getting under things o Crowbar/cats paw end: only for loading out because it destroys things o Multi-tool: Several tools in one little object. Many stagehands carry these o Opened (crescent) wrench: main electrician tool that can handle many nuts and bolts o Combination wrench: both open end and box end o Ratchet/socket wrench: switch for direction and apply force to bolt in order to loosen or tighten o Slip joint pliers: grab and hold things o Pipe wrench: loosens and tightens pipes o Wire/diagonal cutters: cut wire o Vice grips: locking pliers with knob to adjust jaw tightness  Saws o Hand saw: not used much anymore o TPI: teeth per inch (what saw blades come in) o Rip: cut along the grain o Cross cut: cut across the grain o Circular saw: chord or chord-less saw o Jigsaw/saber saw: smaller blade, can do curve work o Reciprocated/sawzaw: saws all things  Knives and Shaping o Wood chisel: sharp blade sometimes used with hammer o Cold chisel: dull blade for metal o Sureform: carving form o Router: spins, adjustable base, creates edges o Orbital/palm sander: polish finish o Dual action sander: randomly changes direction of rotation o PSA (pressure sensitive adhesive): sometimes gets stuck after a while  Drills and Screws o Battery style: lithium ion and nickel cadmium o Screw gun/drill driver: switch forward and reverse o Torch: measure of rotational force o Impact driver: specific style tip, turns and bangs into the screw  Pneumatic tools o Compressed gas or air o ½ crown stapler: heavy duty construction o Narrow crown/brad nailer: staples and brad pins o Corrugated fastener: shoots wavy things for certain type of flat o Spiker: used for 2 by 4 construction  Bench Tools o Table saw: ripping big items o Kerf: amount of kickback o Kick back: material pushes back at you  Prevent this by using a riving knife/splitter or using a machine with a built in saw stop o Side wheel: tilt of blade o Front wheel: height of blade o Fence: protective shield over blade o Chop saw/computer miter saw: cross cutting blade o Hash mark: angle pointing to scrap side o Drill press: drill holes at 90 degrees o Stationary sander: sands wood o Metal chop saw: for cutting metal  Metal Shop o Bench grinder: steel o Mig welder: metal inner gas welder o PPT: power pipe threader o Panel saw: skill saw and set of rails to cut big sheets  Downstairs o Spray booth: for spraying materials o Spindle sander: sanding inside curve o Foam cutter: can follow pattern on foam using a hot wire o Small band saw: adjustable guide blocks to get as close as possible o Little drill press: can angle o Lathe: turns square stuff into round stuff o CNC router (computer numeric controlled): can draw things in auto-cad and it will cut material to that shape  Wood o Dimensional/stick lumber  Nominal store dimension or true dimension  Three thicknesses  Can get different species  Sheet Goods o Velveeta o Plywood o Thickness  ¾”  ¼”  ½” o Bendable plywood o Luan  Cheap, stainable o MDF (medium density fiberboard)  Sawdust that was pressurized o OSB (oriented strand board)  Chip board, cannot change look of it o Masonite  Fairly bendable tempered hardboard, live sounding  Paper o Homosote  Denser and better, sound deadening o Salatex  Black and brown textured board, sound deadening  Metals o Steel  Easy to weld and cheaper o Aluminum  Lighter and more expensive o Pipe  Sized by inside diameter  Structural shapes o Angle o I-beam o C-Channel  Plastics o Difficult to work with o Styrofoam: extended and expanded polystyrene o Upholstery: soft and squishy o Vaccuform/thermal plastic: can be heated and shaped  Glass o Try never to use o Can shatter and show must be stopped o Luxane: expensive and scratches stay but it does not break o Plexiglas: cheap and can buff out scratches but it will break  PVP o Polyviynlclorovame o Pipe o Certain markets make it hard to find o Convenient for plumbing o Hard to paint  UHMW o Cheaper than Teflon o Non-stick o Cannot glue or paint  Drawings o Never build without them o Technical drawing  How it looks from back o Parts on all drawings  Object with dimensions  Notes section  Title block  Scale o Create a cut list with letter identification  Flats o Wall sections o Rails: top and bottom boards o Stiles: side boards o Toggle: middle board  Number of toggles depends on height o Broadway/theatrical frame flat  Framing is flat instead of on edge  Corner blocks and keystones  Thin  Do not resist bending and connecting is difficult o Hollywood frame flat  Framing on edge/3D  Don’t need corner blocks or keystones  Resists bending in half but not hour-glassing  Thicker and deeper  Connecting is easy o Metal frame flat  Good for really tall flats  No corner blocks or keystones  Little bend  But how do you attach wood or fabric to it? o Curved flat  For curved walls  Like Hollywood flats but use arcs for toggles and rails  Have to consider what to skin with because it has to be hard  Skinning o Luon  Hard  Cheap  Block light o Plywood  Hard  Beef up structure o Masonite  Hard  Rare  Need to bend o Unbleached cotton muslin  Soft st  Shrink 1 time painting or sizing o Black velour  Masking flats near curtains  Platforms o Levels gives variety o 4ft by 8ft common size o Framing styles  Flush framing: frame to edge of lid  Holdback framing: lid 4 inches back from frame o Methods to raise  Leggings  Stud wall  Rake  Curtains o Velour  Heavier fabric with deeper nap  18-24 ounce per yard  Chain or pipe pocket in bottom o Main drape  Bipartite (split in half)  Guillotine (up and down)  Front of stage o Sight bridge traveler  Back of stage  Depth of stage o Grand valance/border  Height of stage  Hides lights, pipes, etc. o Legs  Width of stage o Austrian drape  Lines connected to bottom and pull from bottom up o Drops  Painted piece of soft scenery o Scrim  Material opaque when lit from front transparent when lit from front  Rigging o SWL (safe working load) o WLL (working load limit) o Rope  GAC (galvanized air craft)  Swage end/nicopress: incredibly strong  Wire rope clip: live/dead end  Saddle or U-Bolt to other end  Twist braid rope: bigger diameter with higher WL  Old school hemp: problem is it gives off slivers  Woven rope: weave to outer casing, can only end terminate with knots  Dynamic: rebounds when stretched  Static: stays stretched after rigging  Tech 12: woven synthetic rope  Hardware o Shackle  Various sizes  Must be front loaded  Worthless without pins o Turnbuckle  For fine adjustments  Trimming scenery o Cheese burro/scaffolding clamp  For pipe  Attach at 90 degrees o Pulleys/blocks/shives/wheels  Some type of wheel in device  Pull rope, split shiv, reroute cable, lifting  Counterweight: Add equal weight to opposite end  Mechanical advantage: add more pulleys and less counter weight  Line sets/fly line o Fly rail: side where ropes and pulleys are o Line lock: prevents runaway o Baton/pipe: has lift lines that go to ceiling through loft block over to head block which comes to the arbor o Arbor well: basement for arbor pulley o Operating line: runs through rope lock o Mule block: turns line in same plane o Idler pulley: prevent cables from hanging low  Knots o Overhand o Square o Sheet bend o Figure 8 o Bolin o Clovehitch o Noose  Paint o Scenic artists  Job  Organization o What’s paint?  Vehicle (liquid medium to carry pigment and binder to surface)  Binder (adhesive to glue pigment to surface)  Pigment (color of paint) o Tools  Roller  Brushes  Sprays o Common types of paint  Water born  Latex  Acrylic  Casein  Toxic based  Shellac  FEV  Stains o Techniques  Wet blends  Scumble  Directional blend  Texture  Spatter  Drop rag  Adding physical texture


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