Intro to Policing Exam #3 Study Guide
Intro to Policing Exam #3 Study Guide CRJ101-040
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by CarlyM. on Sunday April 3, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CRJ101-040 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Ko-Hsin-Hsu in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 85 views. For similar materials see Intro to Policing in Criminal Justice at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 04/03/16
Intro to Policing Study Guide #2 Chapter 8: Peacekeeping and Order Maintenance Order Maintenance- police intervention in incidents that do not involve actual criminal activity but often entail “interpersonal conflict” or “public nuisance.” Types of Order Maintenance- traffic enforcement, policing domestic dispute, police vice (homeless, prostitution, juveniles, mentally ill, people with AIDS) Policing Vice- they are “victimless crimes” with no complaining party, police must investigate on their own, involves behavior that many regard as legitimate and private, conflicting public attitudes and enforcement is selective, arbitrary, and inconsistent. The three most common vice crimes: pornography, prostitution, and gambling. Reactive police response- addressing complainant concerns rather than addressing homelessness in general. (shelters, treatment programs, and financial assistance services) Chapter 9: The Police and Crime Crime Control Strategies- proactive vs. reactive, general vs. specific, community at large vs. particular crimes, places, offenders, or victims. Citizen Reporting of Crime- citizen-driven, patrol officers rarely discover crimes in progress, some victims do not report crimes. The organization of detective work-located in separate units, the preliminary and follow-up investigations, high-status assignment to be a detective. Only 21% of investigations are cleared nationally. Special Investigative Techniques- criminalistics- technical specialists in crime lab, DNA, eyewitness identification, undercover police work, informants. Supply Reduction Strategy- buy and bust, or long-term undercover work, drug crackdown. Demand Reduction Strategy- drug education programs (DARE) Gang Suppression- gang unit, officer assigned in gang control effort. Gang Prevention- gang resistance education and training, not very effective at preventing students from joining gangs. Men are twice more likely to be victims than women. Gun Suppression- Kansas City Gun Experiment (1992-1993) - Sherman and colleagues, targeted a high-crime precinct with directed patrol, gun crimes fell 49%. Ch 10: Innovations in Police Strategy Change In Policing- isolated and alienated from the community, the police role is complex, the importance of citizens. Broken Window Hypothesis- James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling created it- its police should focus their resources on disorder problems that create fear of crime and lead to neighborhood decay. Social Disorder (Social Disorganization) - societal instability, disharmony, conflict, lack of consensus. Physical Disorder- vandalism, dilapidation of buildings, trash buildup. Application of Broken Window Hypothesis- police emphasis on disorder and minor offenses, offenses like prostitution, public urination, and aggressive panhandling. Broken Window Policing- aggressively enforce criminal and civil laws, the police role is to reinforce the informal social control mechanism of the community itself. Critics to Broken Window Theory- conflict between police and the public-officers overly aggressive, increase in criminal population, an arrest record affects a person’s employment, impact on poor and minority communities. Community Policing- stresses a two way working relationship, the police more integrated into the community; citizens assume an active role in crime control and prevention. Consultation- citizens can express problems, needs, complaints, forum to educate citizens. Mobilization- programs such as Neighborhood Watch, Operation ID, Crime Stoppers. Foot Patrol- increased citizens’ feelings of safety, positive feelings toward police. Neighborhood Watch- repeatedly found to have little impact on crime. Policing Where “Community” Has Collapsed- more successful among middle-income people, homeowners, and whites. Problem-Orientated Policing- identify the underlying causes of problems rather than respond to the surface of the problems. Herman Goldstein created problem-orientated policing. Routine Activity Theory- motivated offender, suitable target, lack of capable guardian. Problem Definition- a reoccurring set of similar events harmful to members of the community, that members of the public expect the local police to address. The Problem Solving Process- Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment (SARA model)
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