Christianity Study Guide
Christianity Study Guide RELS 100
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Analise Lombardo on Monday April 4, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to RELS 100 at California State University Chico taught by Patricia Lennon in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Religion in Religious Studies at California State University Chico.
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Date Created: 04/04/16
Christianity exam study guide Spring 2016 Know general definition of these terms and names: Jesus, gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John), Paul, canon, Infancy Gospel of Thomas, Council of Nicea, Nicene Creed, Arianism, Constantine, Orthodox Church, Peter the Hermit, crusades, sacrament, baptism, communion, matrimony, holy orders, confirmation, anointing of the sick, penance, indulgence, purgatory, transubstantiation, Reformation, Martin Luther, justification by faith through grace, Lutheranism, John Calvin, predestination, iconoclasm, Calvinism, Henry VIII, Anglican, Anabaptist, believers baptism, John Wesley, evangelicalism, conversion experience, Joseph Smith, Latter Day Saints, Book of Mormon, Pentecostalism, Jehovah’s Witnesses Charles Taze Russell, apocalypticism, Christian Science, Science and Health with a Key to the Scriptures, Mary Baker Eddy Possible Essay Questions: 1. What are some challenges historians face in studying the life of Jesus? What sources do we have for his life? What are some of the perspectives on his life represented in the gospels we studied? How do they agree/disagree with each other, and how is that connected to the formation of the Christian canon? Be sure to talk about at least 2 of the specific sources we looked at (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Infancy Gospel of Thomas). Important things to know: 1)Challenges: sources 20 years later Language Dates Gaps in sources we do have 2) Sources: Christian Sources + Outsider Choices -canonical (in Bible) -brief references, more to -non-canonical (not in Bible) Christians than about Jesus’ life 4 gospels: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John *earliest letters of Paul Canon: Matthew (Jesus as new Moses) Luke (God is on side of poor and downtrodden Non-canonical: Infancy Gospel of Thomas: Divine Child 2. What were the main issues at stake in the Protestant Reformation? What were the goals of the reformers? How did the Reformation change Christian belief and practice? Be sure to talk in detail about at least two of the specific branches of the Reformation (Lutheran, Calvinist, Anabaptist, Anglican) in your answer. Important things to know: Issues at Stake: 1) Doctrine of indulgences/purgatory 2) Rejects authority of pope 3) Return to Biblical Religion Goals of Reformers: return to Bible, make Bible accessible (translate to vernacular) Changes in Christian Belief and Practice Lutheran: 1) justification by faith 2) reduce sacraments from baptism and communion (still believe sacraments cause sin) Calvinists- predestination, iconoclasts Anabaptists: -pacifists, no swear oaths, hold property in common -adult baptism Anglicans: -compromise -2 sacraments but 5 rites of church -reject transubstantiation but Jesus is present 3. (A) How has Christian ritual changed over Christian history? How do these changes reflect theological differences among Christian communities? (B)What have been the significant debates over baptism and communion? In answering part B, discuss at least two different Christian traditions’ interpretations of these rituals. Important things to know: Cath/Orth: 7 sacraments (baptism, eucharist, penance, matrimony, holy orders, confirmation/ chrismation, anointing of sick) -Baptize babies chrismation at same time for orthodox -Jesus becomes present in communion but transubstantiation
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