Exam 2 Study Guide
Exam 2 Study Guide HIST 211
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kayla Notetaker on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 211 at Winthrop University taught by Dr. Doyle in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see World History 2C in History at Winthrop University.
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Date Created: 04/05/16
STUDY GUIDE FOR SECOND EXAM – HISTORY 211 – DOYLE Questions will be drawn primarily but not exclusively from among the following terms and concepts. They will be found in your notes and in chapters 712 of The American Promise. the American political system under the Articles of Confederation, including no president or federal judiciary, no power to tax, and how real political power was held by the states Shays’ Rebellion and the economic crisis under the Articles of Confederation several questions on the U. S. Constitution, including the extralegal nature of the Constitutional Convention, states rights vs. federal power (divided sovereignty), the powers of each branch of government, the system of checks and balances, the centrality of property rights, slavery, limits on direct democracy in the election of senators and the president, the right to vote, the Bill of Rights, the influence of Enlightenment thought on it, The ratification process for the Constitution and the ratification debate, including the beliefs of the Federalists and AntiFederalists the absence of judicial review in the constitution and the significance of Marbury v. Madison Washington as the “indispensable man”: key role as commander of the Continental Army, his refual to take power as a military dictator, how his assured election as the first president made the passage of the Constitution easier, his steadying influence as president and avoidance of overt partisanship, and the twoterm precedent Hamilton’s economic program (debt assumption and payout at par, or 100%; whiskey tax; the First Bank of the United States; support for commercial/industrial capitalism and global trade) and the opposition of Jefferson and the Republicans The support of Jefferson and the Republicans for quantitative growth and Hamilton and the Federalists for qualitative growth Whiskey Rebellion and the assertion of federal power Washington’s rejection of overt partisanship, the diversity of opinion in his cabinet, and how that aided the survival of a fragile new government Washington’s adherence to Federalist policies despite rejection of overt partisanship the rise of the Federalist and Republican parties, the beliefs of each party, and the key leaders of each French Revolution: radical republicanism; its larger political and historical significance, and its effect on U. S. foreign policy and domestic politics Jay Treaty and the tilt to Britain the Alien and Sedition Acts and the effect of the latter on the limits of the First Amendment Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Adams and the “QuasiWar” with France the election of 1800 and its significance Louisiana Purchase, including Napoleon’s decision to sell Louisiana after he lost Haiti Haitian Revolution, the wealth of the colony, the impact of the ideas of the French Revolution, the slave uprisings, the defeat of the French army, and the role of Toussaint L’Ouverture reasons why the US entered the War of 1812 and the results of the war against both the Indians and British Missouri Compromise Jackson’s personal background and his status as the first nonelite president Age of Jackson as “Age of the Common Man”: democratization of politics, white manhood suffrage the end of property qualifications for voting, the spoils system, and the opening of politics to nonelite males the Market Revolution: decline in subsistence agriculture as a result of more farmers selling agricultural commodities in the market; the expansion of commerce as a result The Transportation Revolution: steamboats, canals, roads and bridges and the economic transformation associated with it; the early development of railroads; the links with the political issue of federal aid for internal improvements Erie Canal the Industrial Revolution: Britain as global leader and the Northeast as American leader, the Market Revolution as the precondition, its role in transforming the society and economy of the Northeast, the roles of the textile and railroad industries, the rise of industry and the growth of cities ruraltourban migration, where and why it occurred, and the resultant decline in the birthrate the increase in wealth inequality during the Jacksonian era the Nullification Crisis: Jackson, Calhoun, the tariff, states rights, and slavery the Second Bank of the United States; Whig support for it and Jackson’s role in ending it Jackson’s Indian policy, the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the Cherokee and the Trail of Tears Henry Clay’s American System Whig support for industrialization, the American System, federal aid for internal improvements, the tariff, the 2 Bank of the U. S., and government to aid the growth of corporate capitalism in general; link these with Hamilton’s ideas Jackson’s and the Democrats’ opposition to the above mass immigration by Irish Catholics and Germans and the historical experiences of these groups the nativist response to immigration Possible Essay Topics The ways that the U. S. Constitution represented an ending point for the revolutionary process begun in America in 1775 and the ways that the Constitution represented a practical governing document rather than a sweeping statement of rights and aspirations George Washington’s status as “the Indispensable Man” during the Revolutionary and early federal periods The impact of the French Revolution on U. S. foreign policy; Washington’s support for the British in the war between Britain and France, and the divisions between the Federalists and the Republicans over the radical republicanism of the French Revolution The political debate over Hamilton’s economic plan and how that plan is associated with Clay’s American System and the market and industrial revolutions Whether or not the Age of Jackson was truly the age of the common man, and Jackson’s role in making that happen
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