Reading Media Critically COMM 3300.002 Psychoanalytical Study guide
Reading Media Critically COMM 3300.002 Psychoanalytical Study guide Comm 3300-002
Popular in Reading Media Critically
Popular in Communication Studies
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nicholas Notetaker on Tuesday April 5, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Comm 3300-002 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Lisa Bell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Reading Media Critically in Communication Studies at University of Texas at Dallas.
Reviews for Reading Media Critically COMM 3300.002 Psychoanalytical Study guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 04/05/16
Reading Media Critically Psychoanalytic Critique Study Guide The unconscious Psychoanalytic criticism is a form of applied psychoanalysis, a science concerned with the interaction between conscious and unconscious processes and with the laws of mental functioning Freud, Plato, Nietzsche, Bergson, and others developed unconscious Mental life is like an iceberg We are not in complete control of ourselves all the time, we are affected by events and circumstances in ways we cannot fathom, and we do things for reasons we do not understand or will not admit to ourselves We are not completely rational creatures who act only on the basis of logic and intelligence but instead are vulnerable to emotional and other kinds of nonrational or irrational appeals We repress this material because we do not want to become conscious of it Conscious/manifest vs. basic/real and unconscious/latent Sexuality Libido force by which the sexual instinct is represented in the mind Stages of Libido: oral, anal, phallic, and the genital Anal eroticism traits developed to an extreme degreeorderliness, parsimoniousness, and obstinacy The Oedipus complex Oedipus complex every individual passes through a stage in which he or she desires the parent of the opposite sex all of course on an unconscious level Heracles complex hatred of the father for his children Jocasta complexabnormal attachment of the mother to her son Fairy tales can help children resolve these problems Fairy tales are important because they help children cope with the psychological difficulties they experiences On the importance of Myth Oedipal conflicts are the core of neuroses Myths affect our psychological development Media and the Oedipus complex Whether it is a younger man, older man, and woman, or young woman, older woman, and a man, there is reason to suspect that the Oedipus complex may be motivating the characters One reason we are drawn to Oedipus media is either to help us resolve our problems or confirm that we have resolved them ID, EGO, and Superego Ego consists of those functions which have to do with the individual's relation to his environment Superego comprises the moral precepts of our minds as well as our ideal aspirations Neither the ego or superego develops till after birth Id innate instinctive impulses and primary processes are manifested Topographic divided the psyche into three systems: conscious, preconscious, and unconscious 1 Psyche is in constant struggle as the Id and superego war against each other, and the ego tries to mediate between them, between the desire for pleasure and the fear of punishment, between the drives and conscience Super ego functions: the approval or disapproval of actions and wishes on the grounds of rectitude, critical selfobservation, selfpunishment, the demand for reparation or repentance of wrong doing, selfpraise or selflove as a reward for virtuous or desirable thoughts and actions Ego functions: carries out its function by storing up experiences in the memory, avoiding excessively strong stimuli through flight, adapting to moderately strong stimuli, and bringing about changes in the world through activity Structural hypotheses Topic Id Ego Superego Star Trek McCoy Spock Kirk Cities Las Vegas Boston Vatican City Toys Barbie Science toys Superhero toys Clothes Bikini Scientist's white coat Clerical garb Books Vampire novels Science books Bible, Koran Symbols Symbols stand for something else and may be hidden or at least not obvious We mask our unconscious sexual and aggressive desires through symbolization, which enables us to escape guilt from the superego Attempting to understand symbols is often complicated by the fact that the logic behind symbolization is frequently not the same logic people use in their everyday reasoning processes Defense mechanisms Defense mechanisms techniques the ego employs to control instincts and ward off anxieties Ambivalence feeling of love and hate towards the same person or object Avoidance refusal to become involved with subjects that are distressing because they are connected to unconscious sexual or aggressive impulses Denial/Disavowal refusal to accept the reality of something that generates anxiety by blocking it from consciousness or by becoming involved in a wishfulfilling fantasy Fixation obsessive preoccupation or attachment to something, generally result of some traumatic experience Identification the desire to become like someone or something in some aspect of thought or behavior Projection attempting to deny some negative or hostile feeling in oneself by attributing it to someone else. thus a person who hates someone will project that hatred onto another, perceiving that person as being the one who hates Rationalization the offering of logical reasons or excuses for behavior generated by unconscious and irrational determinants Reaction formation occurs when a pair of opposing attitudes generates problems, so one element is suppressed and kept unconscious by overemphasis on the other Regression individual's return to an earlier stage in life development when confronted with a stressful or anxietyprovoking situation Repression barring from consciousness of instinctual wishes, memories, desires, and the like 2 Suppression the purposeful putting out of the mind and consciousness something the individual finds painful Defense mechanism are functions of the ego against the Id Dreams Two things make analyzing dreams difficult: the fact that elements in dreams often stand for their opposites and the fact that the manifest dream is not a coherent narrative but a series of disconnected images Condensation and Displacement Condensation indicate the representation of several ideas or images by a single word or image Displacement the representation of a part by the whole, or in the substitution of one idea or image by another which is associatively connected with it Aggression and guilt Aggressiveness is instinctual but secondary to more basic instances Guilt apposes and checks aggression Humor allows aggression and evades guilt Stereotypes and aggressive humor Stereotypes are positive, neutral, or negative beliefs people have about group members Jungian psychoanalytic theory Archetypes universal theme found in dreams, myths, religions, and works of art Collective unconscious myths are universal and certain themes are found in works of art and everywhere in the world The myth of the hero has the function of helping individuals develop consciousness of their ego, which enables them to deal with problems they confront as they grow older The shadow the dark side of the human psyche There is a battle between the battle between the shadow and ego that occurs in the psyche Anima represents the female element found in all males, the animus represents the male element found in all females 3
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'