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UCD / Communications / COMM 3 / Why is a group self-conscious of its operation?

Why is a group self-conscious of its operation?

Why is a group self-conscious of its operation?


School: University of California - Davis
Department: Communications
Course: Interpersonal Communication
Professor: V. hamilton
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: cmn3 interpersonal communication lecture 2 group communication uc davis virginia hamilton
Cost: 25
Name: Interpersonal Communication Lecture 2 Notes: Group Communication
Description: These notes cover the second week of lecture notes for Spring 2016 Interpersonal Communication at UC Davis taught by Virginia Hamilton. Specifically, group dynamics, group roles, phases of group emergence, and effective groups
Uploaded: 04/06/2016
4 Pages 125 Views 3 Unlocks

Dr. Meagan Hills (Rating: )

I love that I can count on (Chelsea for top notch notes! Especially around test time...

Lecture 2: Group Communication 

Why group is self-conscious of its own operation?

Small Group Dynamics

•Definition of a task group: Three to seven people working together to achieve a common goal 

•Assembly effect: When the group’s solution or product is superior to the individual work of even the  best member.

•In the modern workplace, It is common and popular to use a group structure for getting complex  work accomplished. This is because groups are capable of the assembly affect. 

Assets of Group Decision-Making

•Groups can accumulate more knowledge and facts.

•Groups may have a broader perspective and consider more approaches and alternative solutions.

People are free in expressing their feelings as well as their, what?

•Individuals who participate in the decision process are more likely to be satisfied with the decision  and support the decision.

Liabilities of Group Decision Making

•Groups tend to work more slowly. They take up time to reach a decision, and time costs money.

•Group effort frequently results in compromises which are not always the optimal decision from an  effectiveness perspective. We also discuss several other topics like What are the reactions for alkali metals and halogen reactions?

•Groups can be and frequently are dominated by one individual or small clique.


Group roles get developed through the process of structuration. 

The task or objective of the group is well understood and accepted by?

Simply stated:

•A group member behaves (takes notes)

•Other members notice the behavior, which leads to an expectation

•Expectation of continued behavior leads to

•Fulfillment of the expectation,

•Which leads to role development, 

•Which leads to group structuration—every member of the group behaving within a role that is  expected and reinforced by the group

The structuration process is NOT always beneficial. Sometimes people are socially reinforced into  roles they dislike; or, they become limited by being “stuck” in a role. 

Roles should be flexible; not frozen

Group Roles

Synergy (total amount of available group energy that can be applied to the task/common goal)  Intrinsic synergy (interpersonal challenges)  

Effective synergy = synergy- intrinsic (energy that is left over for the task) Don't forget about the age old question of The average tax rate is the total taxes paid divided by?

In group work, there are two tracks of discussion and problem-solving:

•Task-related and


Task Roles 


•Information seeker

•Information giver

•Opinion seeker

•Opinion giver


•Coordinator We also discuss several other topics like What are the ways to reduce dissonance?


Interpersonal Roles 



•Tension reliever

•Gatekeeper: Encourages less talkative members to join in the discussion. 

Self-Centered Roles 



•Recognition seeker



•Special-interest pleader

Small Group Dynamics

When to speak up in groups:

•Information--offers relevant information.

•Point of view—offers relevant opinions

•Evaluation—offers personal opinions about selected ideas for consideration

•Process—is both a participant and an observer of the group. Offers suggestions regarding the way  the group, itself, is operating. 

•Understanding—expressing/showing that you are tracking, especially after a difficult discussion. We also discuss several other topics like What is the example of carbon nucleophiles for addition reactions?

•Agreement—becoming part of a consensus about a topic that has been discussed extensively. Loading...

Phases of Group Emergence

1.Orientation/Forming (everyone is tentative and on their good behavior)

2.Conflict/Storming (people begin to lower their guard and openly disagree)

3.Emergence/Norming (begin to establish a routined way of being together)Structuration is  completed here.

4.Performance/Performing (have achieved something together as a working group)

Effective Groups…

Douglas McGregor, from his observations of the management of large companies, characterized  well-functioning, effective, and creative groups in the following way: Don't forget about the age old question of What are the functions of foreign corporations in the us?

•The atmosphere tends to be informal, comfortable, and relaxed. 

•There is a lot of discussion in which virtually everyone participates, but it remains pertinent to the  task of the group.

• The task or objective of the group is well understood and accepted by the members. There will  have been free discussion of the objectives at some point until it was formulated in such a way  that the members of the group could commit themselves to it.

•The members listen to each other. Every idea is given a hearing. People do not appear to be afraid  of being foolish by putting forth a creative thought even if it seems fairly extreme.

•There is disagreement. Disagreements are not suppressed or over-ridden by premature group  action. The reasons are carefully examined, and the group seeks to resolve them rather than to  dominate the dissenter.

•Most decisions are reached by a kind of consensus in which it is clear that everyone is in general  agreement and willing to go along. Formal voting is at a minimum; the group does not accept a  simple majority as a proper basis for action., If you want to learn more check out What is the function of desegregating public transportation, montgomery, alabama?

• Criticism of ideas is frequent, frank, and relatively comfortable. There is little evidence of personal

attack, either openly or in a hidden fashion.

•People are free in expressing their feelings as well as their ideas both on the problem and the  group’s operation.

•When action is taken, clear assignments are made and accepted. 

•The chairperson of the group does not dominate it, nor on the contrary does the group defer unduly  to him/her. In fact, the leadership shifts from time to time depending on the circumstances. There is  little evidence of a struggle for power as the group operates. The issue is not who controls but how  to get the job done. 

•The group is self-conscious of its own operation.

Small Group Dynamics

Why are groups so dynamic? 

Inherent contradictions in group process:

•Quality decision, outcome, or results vs. deadlines

•Task work vs. interpersonal work

•Individual’s vs. group’s goals

•Agreement vs. disagreement

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