IndoEuropean Folktales Exam 1 Study Guide
IndoEuropean Folktales Exam 1 Study Guide Ger1502
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lndoEuropean Folktales Exam 1 Study Guide Folklore o Folkore is a body of knowledge passed on by endusers through informal means Endusers people who have no interest authority but are simply interested in hearing the tales Informal means word of mouth social media non supervised electronic exchange 0 Functions of Folklore o Entertain o Maintian Order 0 Educate Explain 0 Address Fears and Taboos 0 Provide a Fantasy Escape Folktale Genres 0 Fable Moral message at the end Short under 1 page Characters often animals or inanimate objects jest quotJokequot 2 parts setup and punch line Myth Explains a phenomenon often with supernatural guresevents Magic Tale Alternate reality Phrases like quotthey lived happily ever afterquot l signals end to alternate reality Doesn t have a lot of physical descriptions of people Legend Migratory legends of similar context found in different areas Urban legend that is still believed Often adds realistic details to make the story more believable dates familiar location 0 Folk Culture and Pop Culture 0 Folk a group of people that share at least one thing in common language religion online group lndoEuropean 0 lndoEuropean refers to a related group of languages broad geographic terms 0 If languages have a common origin that would suggest that the stories do as well 0 Polygenesis tale may have origins in different places at the same time Q Q Q Q 0 William Jones 18th century scholar who studied the existence of a relationship between lndoEuropean languages Common Features of Origin Tales 0 1 Supernatural being involved in the creation 2 Belief systems may overlap 3 Explanation of landscape features 4 Explanation of forces of nature 5 Relation to the time reality of reader 0 6 Adapt to different belief systems Common Features of Miracle Tales 0 1 Based on religious systems 0 2 Promote faith in the system 0 3 Teach a moral principle important to that culture Miracle Figures 0 Frau Holle Teaches the value of hard work being rewarded Didactic Function moral at the end of the story 0 St George quotGolden Legendquot Teaches chivalry Emblem of a red cross OOOO Curses 0 Curses are usually irrevocable 0 To avoid it the victim must appeal to a higher power 0 Word Magic when one person curses another Spinning Tales 0 Traditionally female task tedious and time consuming 0 Spinning is associated with having good character 0 Good spinners tend to get good husbands 0 Folktales show the importance of household female work to the family and economy Golem 0 Character created by humans the Golem cannot speak 0 Does not posses quotword magicquot 0 Uses physical power to get rid of enemies speci cally enemies of the Jewish community 0 Rabbi Loew Held the duty of deactivating the Golem on Friday nights so he was not out on the Sabbath 0 Homunculus Frankenstein s monster Fairies amp Demons 0 Supernatural creatures 0 Animism the belief that nonhuman beings posses a spiritual essence Witch Characteristics 0 Humans with magical powers often female Thought to be companions of the devil Ability to be invisible and shapeshift travel at great speeds Familiars to witches toads owls cats Group gatherings Witches Sabbath OOOO 0 Witch Hunts legal in the Middle Ages Legal proof if they saved themselves by black magic after being put to death they were witches but if not then God would take their souls Vampires 0 Between a fairy tale and legend 0 Person who trades their mortal soul for an immortal life on earth survives off of human blood souls from purgatory 0 Vlad Tepes Dracula famous Romanian Prince vampire 0 Elizabeth Bathory Slovak Countess obsessed with maintaining her youth would kill off servants to create quotyouth potionsquot 0 AlesandrAfanasyev Russian folklorist wrote about vampires SocioHistorical Reasons for Vampire Lore 0 lmproper decomposition Images of vampires rose from improper burial Before scienti c knowledge was advanced enough to know if someone was really dead many were buried alive 0 Christianization of Eastern Europe 0 Bubonic Plague 0 The Renaissance and Enlightenment had little effect Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm 0 Continuously revised their editions of folktales published 0 1st Edition was faithful to the wording they heard from sources other editions changed sometimes due to controversy 0 Much of their work was a political statement to record history 0 Kinderund Hausmarchen Collection of German fairy tales from 1812 commonly known as quotGrimm s Fairy Talesquot Grimm s Contributions 0 Folk narrative and academic study 0 Methodological and theoretical statements 0 SocioPolitical implications Precursors to the Grimm brothers 0 Giovan Francesco Straparola Father of the European fairy tale Name means quotthe stuttererquot Wrote quotThe Pleasant Nightsquot 0 Giambattista Basile Wrote quotPentameronequot Written for the elite with former background knowledge 0 Charles Perrault France Wrote quotHistoires ou comtes du temps passequot Tales of Past Times with Morals Wrote anonymously mostly for the children of people he worked with 0 Thomas Percy England Wrote quotRelics of Ancient English Poetryquot 0 James MacPherson England quotPoems of Ossianquot 0 Johann Gottfried Herder Germany 0 quotFragments on the New German Literaturequot quotVolkspoesiequot Poetry of the Everyday People True expression of national identity Direct honest roots to the past Max Mueller German Wrote quotSolar Mythologyquot 0 Theodor Benfy German 0 Four Ways to Classify Folktales 0 0 0 0 Origin Form Meaning Style a Monogenesis The Grimms believed in the theory that there was a single source of origin a tales started from a single point 0 Polygenesis idea that similar narratives can arise from different points of origin this view is most commonly accepted today a Historical Geographical School 0 0 0 Q QQQQQ Urform original form 73pe collection of motifs in an arrangement Motif smallest narrative element idea in a story Ex The Wicked Witch Diffusion spread of cultural traits from on location or group to another Motifeme various functions in a folktale that make up a sequence of events Allomotif motif in the story that cannot ful ll a given function Variant form of a story that varies from other stories like it Redaction version of a foktae Subtype variants that closely resemble eachother Oikotype a tale type or its subtype only known in a particular region or by an ethnic group 0 Formalism 0 0 Formalism minimalist way of looking at narrative and breaking it down into smaller parts Vladimir Propp formalist who thought the Aarne Thompson Index was unscientific In uenced the Structuralists of the 1950 s1970 s Wrote quotMorphology of the Folktalequot Function after the initial situation is explained Propp says that the story consists of 31 stable constant elements independent of how and by whom they are ful lled Dramatis Personae Propp s 8 broad character types that occur in many tales Ex Hero Helper Villian Morphology identi cation of the structure of languages units such as root words parts of speech implied context Structuralism 0 Claude Levi Strauss analyzed myths in context of comparative religion and logical structures of human mind Binary Opposition myths based on binaries tales see mediation of opposites natureculture manwoman Strauss differs from Propp in that he sees functions in a cultural context and says tales show binary opposites within a speci c culture Meaning 0 Meaning is the most predominant school of research 0 Wilhem Wundt wrote quotFolk Psychologyquot in 19th century 0 Sigmund Freud 20th century psychologist Childhood experiences affect ones sexual development and if stages of development are disturbed problems will ensue neurosis Freud s Stages of Development 0 Oral grati cation through oral activities ex eating 0 Anal child learns to respond to societal norms bladder and bowel control 0 Phallic child learns difference between males and females Oedipus CompeX child threatened by his father due to having a sexual desire for the mother 0 Latency child develops sexual urges still relatively quiet o Genital shakes off old dependencies and learns to deal maturely with the opposite sex Bruno Bettelheim o Wrote quotThe Uses of Enchantmentquot 0 Uses a Freudian approach to folktales 0 Shows kids that perserverance is the key to success 0 Reaches children at an unconscious level KadJung o Psychologist who studied the Collective Unconscious 0 Archtypes universal patterns and images that derive from the collective unconscious Children at Risk Possible Reasons 0 Poverty quotHansel and Gretelquot 0 Sexual Competition quotSnow Whitequot Physical Difference 0 Wrong Genes quotThe Snow Childquot O 0 Gender 0 Roman quotpaterfamiliasquot O 0000 The father as the head of the family experienced unlimited power Right to all property deciding marriages life or death of family Did not have the power to disobey his ruler We see paterfamilias in quotKing Aistulfquot and quotThe Abandoned Childquot The Christian Church pressed for laws against abandonment made alterative options for fathers Oblation Fostering sending children out to be apprenticed by other families Jeptha s Daughter 0 O O 0 124 Origins Story from the bible Father sacri ces his daughter to be powerful being in exchange for victory in battle The daughter doesn t question him at all This is such a common occurrence that quotJeptha s Daughterquot became its own motif 0 Giants in Denmark 0 The giant stones on top of mountains in Denmark make people believe they had to be put there by giants because no man could actually get them up there 0 The Frau Hoe Stone 0 There is a stone with many furrows in a forest because Frau Hoe cried so much over husband that it softened the stone Druidical Circles and Monoliths o Druidical Circles and Monoliths were looked at with awe and no one would dare to move them A farmer was building something and took the stone for part of the door and disease fell upon the cattle and awful noises were heard all night The stone was thrown into a river but nothing changed then it was eventually put back into its place in the middle of the eld and everything went back to normal Bomere Pool 0 People of a village were evil and mocked god and the priest The priest warned them god would punish them but they didn t listen and pelted him with stones but he didn t react so some chose to join and worship with him It rained so much that December that the priest noticed the dam was about to give and ood the town but when he warned the people they ignored him On Christmas Eve it rained and when the priest was ringing the bell in the chapel the dam broke and ooded everything It is said if you sail over the mere on Christmas Eve after midnight you can hear the bell o The Origin of Tis Lake 0 A troll lived above a village but the people became religious and he got sick of constantly hearing the church bells The troll leaves to move and meets a man traveling who says he is from the old village The troll asks him to take a letter back with him but don t open it just throw it over the church wall and it will get to the right person The man got curious and opened the letter and an entire lake spilled out The troll had sent a lake in the letter to destroy the church but God ordered it so that the lake ran out in to the meadow and now Tis Lake ows there 0 The Origin of the Wrekin 0 An old giant hated the mayor of a town and all his people so he decided to ood the town and drown the people He gets lost on his way and runs into a cobbler carrying all the boots of the people of the town to x them up The giant asks how to get to the town so he can dump this giant pile of earth and destroy it so the cobbler tells him he ll never get there he already went through all these shoes he s carrying anyway The giant agrees he s tired anyway and dumps the earth where he was and that is how Wrekin got there Miracles Moses and El Khudr 0 Moses set out to travel with a dervish who made him promise he would not question anything he said on the journey The two slept at a sheik s house that night and when he woke up he did not want to leave but the dervish reminded him he was not allowed to question anything and he stole a basin from the man The next night they stayed at an awful house and Moses wanted to leave early but the dervish said no we must sneak away later so they stayed 2 hours later they left and the dervish gifted the man the basin he had stolen The next day they stayed with a hospital woman who in the morning sent her nephew with them to show them the way to a bridge The dervish threw the boy off the bridge and drowned him and when Moses yelled out the dervish El Khudr said everything was predestined by Divine mercy The rst host was too pretentious the second was a cheapskate but now he will be hospital again in the hopes of gain and will develop a habit and the boy has gone to Heaven but if he had lived for 2 years longer would have killed his benefactress and then Moses MarJiryis St George and the Dragon 0 There was a city that got water from a fountain that was guarded by a great dragon possessed by the devil The dragon would only let people get water if a youth or maiden was sacri ced for him Eventually all the youth had been given to the dragon until the last was the kings daughter MarJiryis came at the dragon on a white steed and speared him and was given the kings daughter and half his kingdom as a reward 0 As Many Children as There Are Days in the Year 0 A begger woman holding 2 small children asks a countess one day for charity The countess tells her to get away and that quotit is impossible for a woman to have two children at once from just one fatherquot So the woman replies quotThen may God let you have as many children as there are days in the yearquot Later the countess birthed 365 children in one day and within one day they all died as well as her 0 The Woman Who Had No Shadow 0 A pastors wife was afraid to have children so she went to a wicked witch to ask how to prevent it The witch told her to throw 7 stones into a fountain so the wife did and as each stone fell she thought she heard a child cry Later the pastor and his wife were walking by the churchyard at night and he noticed she had no shadow He said she must have committed a horrible sin and she admits what she had done The pastor angrily said quot owers will grow on our slate roof before God forgives you for thisquot and sends her away Years later an old beggar woman shows up to his home and the housekeeper feeds her and lets her sleep By the morning the pastor walks in and immediately recognizes her as his wife but she is dead and he walks outside to nd owers on their slate roof 0 The Flourishing Staff 0 A man who lost faith came to a Rabbi to receive penance but the Rabi sent him away saying only when my staff grows owers will your sins be forgive Later the Rabbi s staff grows owers and he asks the man what he has done He said the only thing he can think of is when he was passing through a town full ofJews they were about to be assassinated for murdering a Christian child for ritual sacri ce Since he was no longer a Jew the authorities asked him for his opinion and he said that was ridiculous there is no Jewish tradition that does that and the people were saved 0 The Testimony of the Dead 0 Three men wanted the Jews in the city ofJerusalem murdered so they kidnapped and murdered the kings son and put his body in the Jews place of worship After blaming it on then the king summons the elders to nd who was responsible and persecute the Jews The elders go to the temple and pray and place a paper over the sons head who then rises from the dead and tells everyone who really killed him and then falls dead again 0 The Story of the Grateful Dead 0 A man wants to keep his son innocent from the world so he raises him studying scripture away from reality but when he gets old he does not want his son to be helpless on his own so he sends him into the world He nds a cof n hanging in a town and the guard explains it was a Jewish nancial advisors whose enemies convinced the man he worked for that he had been dishonest and had him killed The cof n remained in the town square until the Jews gathered the money he owed to have a proper burial The son offers to pay the money and the sultan the one in debt offers to let him keep the money if he will trade him the quotcelestial reward awaiting him in the next worldquot heaven The son can not do this so he leaves on a ship to go home but the ship sinks along with all of his money He is the only survivor but loses all his possessions When he gets to shore a white owl swoops him up and carries him to Jerusalem where a man clothed in white meets him He says he is the dead banker who took form as the plank the son oated to shore on and the owl who carried him home and not to continue to lead an honest life and without all his money he will still be happy 0 The Golem 0 Jewish tale son creates golem out of clay using earth wind water re They brought it to life and the statue would do what it was told to protect the people 0 Friday 0 Woman dishonors Mother Friday by working when she was not supposed to Mother Friday comes to her and blinds her but she begs for forgiveness and is granted it Frau Holle and the Dista 0 Two sisters one hardworking one lazy On Easter night the lazy one went out to celebrate but the other girl stayed to work Frau Holle came to her and praised her and when the two woke up the hardworking girls spinning wheel was gold and never ran out but the other girls was covered in straw Frau Holla and the Peasant o Frau Holle asks a peasant on the road to shave off some wood from her wagon She tells him to gather the shavings and take them home he does not think they are worth anything so he only takes a couple When he gets home the shavings turn to pure gold but when he tries to go back to get more they are all gone 0 Frau Holle 0 Two daughters one hardworking one lazy The hardworking girl fell in a well and ended up in a eld at Frau Holles house She works hard for her everyday and when she wants to go home Frau Holle sends her with lots of gold The mother tells the lazy daughter to go fall in the well and do the same but she is lazy and Frau Holle sends her home emptyhanded Fairies o Prilling and Pralling is Dead 0 Servant is working in a eld when a voice tells him when he gets home say quotPrilling and Pralling Is Deadquot He does this and they hear crying from the basement They investigate and nd a rare pewter mug o Mally Dixon 0 Legend that fairies take form as cats Man is told by a cat to go home and report quotMally Dixon is deadquot He does and their cat jumps up and says quotshe isquot and left to attend her sisters funeral Demons 0 The Demon in the Tree 0 Demon lived in tree but farmer plants vegetables under tree He goes to chop it down because people were stepping on them The demon offers him a reward to leave it and he does and grows very rich from all the money he gets One day all his slaves and children die and he realizes he has committed great sin of idol worship He sells all his things and goes back to cut down the tree but now the demon threatens to kill him He offers him more money but the man is not tempted and the demon runs away Later in the year he nds treasure where the tree used to stand 0 Water Demons 0 Demons lived in water around castles A servant volunteers to dive in to get the plate chest out of the water but the demon threatens him and he goes back up When he is offered a great reward to go back and get it he does but is killed by the demon o Wod the Wild Huntsmen 0 Drunk peasant traveling through the woods is challenged by Wod to see who is stronger They each tug at the end of a chain but the peasant tricks him by tying it around a tree Wod is impressed by his strength and gives him the animal he has killed for food When the peasant gets home he nds the meat is turned to silver and gold 0 The Night Huntsman at the Udarser Mill 0 A mill worker hears the Night Huntsman passing by and goes outside to explore He hears a shout and suddenly someone throws a woman s leg at him The worker retreated to the mill and buried it 0 Two Eyes Too Many o A widow prepares a meal for family and servants every Sunday but servant is suspicious that it would be impossible for her to do all that by herself One day he hides and watches her work when he sees the devil come in and help her The devil keeps saying quotthere are two many eyes in herequot but the widow denies anyone else is in the room That night the servant refuses to eat the meal because he knows it came from the devil At that moment the devil ies in the window snatches the woman and ies out with her body Witches Warlocks and Werewolves 85106 Children at Risk Sacri ce Jephthah and His Daughter 0 Jephthah offers sacri ce of whatever walks through his door rst after battle in return for victory His daughter walks in but asks for two months in the mountains rst He allows her to go o The Children of Hameln o Pied Piper shows up in Hameln plays ddle to lure rats and rodents in to the water to rid the city of their plague The townspeople couldn t afford to pay him what they had promised so he came back later and played his music in the street and all the children from the town followed him in to a cave and disappeared Abandonment and lnfanticide 0 King Aistulf 0 King Aistulfs mother had 5 children but the current King only wanted to let one live He said whatever child reached for his spear could live and King Aistulf did 0 The Abandoned Child 0 Young mother let her child die of exposure One night she is invited to fancy party but has no clothes to wear so she stays in Thinks she hears her daughters voice singing to her that night and goes insane o The Snow Child 0 Sailor came home to his wife after many months at sea to nd her with a child She claims he was a miracle and was born after she fell in to a snow bank Later the man asks to take the child on his next voyage and returns without him He claims that there was a hot day and the child melted Hansel and Gretel 0 Poor mother and father lead their two children in to the woods because they cannot afford to feed them anymore and leave them Hansel hears the plan and drops white stones along the path and they nd their way back the next day The next day their mother leads them out even farther and Hansel drops bread to leave a trail but the birds eat it and they are lost They nd a house made of food and eat from it It was a witch s house and she feeds them and traps Hansel when they fall asleep to cook him Gretel pushes the witch in to the stove and kills her and her and Hansel are free and take all of her gold and jewels and come home to their happy father but their mother had died Little Thumb O Woodcutter and wife had 7 children Youngest child was very sick and only the size of a thumb so they called him Little Thumb he spoke little but was secretly very smart they blamed him for everything that went wrong though Husband wants to get ride of children because they cannot afford it mother disagrees Little Thumb hears of plan and gathers white pebbles and drops them along the trail to get him and siblings home Father leads them out again Little Thumb drops bread crumbs but that doesn t work they nd themselves at an Ogre s wifes house and she tries to hide them Ogre lets them stay the night and they sleep in a room with his 7 daughters who wear crowns to bed LT switches their hats with the crowns and when the ogre comes in to kill them he feels the crowns on their heads and kills his daughters instead Children escape and Ogre follows them but falls asleep and LT steals his boots and goes back to his wife to say Ogre is being held hostage and needs money to be freed Wife sees boots and believes him and LT returns home with all the money The Twelve Brothers 0 King had 12 boys if next was a girl he would kill the other boys but if it was a boy they could all live together Queen sent sons in to the forest said if she had a boy she would y a white ag but if it was a girl a red ag to warn them Red ag went up and boys swore to kill the next girl they found they lived in a cave and killed all the girls they found Sister nds their shirts one day and mother tells her the story She goes to nd them and they don t kill her but she attends to the chores of their home One day she picks 12 owers but is told she made a mistake and if she ever speaks again her brothers will die King nds her and asks her to marry him and she does but cannot speak His mother doesn t trust her and has her burned at the stake but she cannot speak to defend herself 12 ravens come ying in and turn in to her brothers and save her and explain everything to the King Evil stepmother is burned instead Little SnowWhite 0 Queen has a mirror that she asks who the quotfairest of them allquot is Oneday mirror says a girl named SnowWhite is prettier Queen sends hunter to kill snowwhite but he can t do it so he brings back an animals heart and SnowWhite hides out in the forest 7 Dwarfs come back to their home and nd her sleeping her their bed take care of her and let her live with them Queen asks mirror again and nds Snow White is still alive Goes and pretends to sell laces and laces her dress up so tight Snow White suffocates Dwarfs nd her and save her Queen asks mirror again and is shocked SW is still alive Queen pretends to sell SW a comb and poisons her Dwarfs return again in time to save her Queen poisons and apple and goes back eats half and gives SW the other half and she falls dead Mirror says Queen is the prettiest again Prince nds her at the Dwarfs house in a glass cof n and they give her to him so he can observe her beauty at his castle Servants grow tired of carrying her around in the coffin and hit it at the back apple becomes dislodged from her throat and she wakes up SW and Prince get married Queen goes out of anger and is forced to dance until she dies in iron shoes 107129 0 The Magic Fiddle o 7 brothers and 1 sister but the sister cooks for them not any of their wives The wives call on their Bonga to make that when the sister brings in water to cook with it will vanish and delay her process The sister goes out to gather water and it gets so high that she feels herself drowning in it cries out but drowns The bonga then transformed her into a bonga like himself and carried her off The sister comes back as a tall stack of bamboo and a jogi passes by and brings an axe to cut it down to make a ddle He gets ready but the bamboo calls out quotdon t cut at the root cut higher upquot and then quotdon t cut high up cut the rootquot multiple times until the jogi gets angry and cuts it and makes a ddle The jogi plays the ddle for money and delights everyone one day passing the house of the 7 brothers and they are so moved by the music they ask to buy it The jogi would not sell it but the brothers fed him and got him drunk and switched an old ddle for his special one When everyone was gone the bonga girl would come out of the ddle and prepare meals for the family One day she is caught doing this and the brothers rejoice But she yells at them for not making their wives treat her better and that is it o The Singing Bone 0 Wild boar roamed forest and killed people so the king made an offer that whoever killed it could marry his daughter 3 brothers in the kingdom oldest was sly and clever second was ordinary smart and youngest was innocent and slowwitted They set out to kill the boar two oldest went together and youngest went alone Old man approached him in the woods and gave him a lance to attack the boar with and he did it He comes home to show his two older brothers and they kill him and take the boar and burry him under a bridge The oldest one took the boar to the king and married his daughter Many years later a Shepard crosses the bridge spots a shiny bone and takes it to carve a mouthpiece with Once he starts to play it it says quotyou are playing my bones by brothers killed me to take the boar and marry the kings daughterquot Shepard takes it and shows the king the brothers confess and are killed and the brother is laid to rest in a graveyard Binnorie 0 King has 2 daughters Sir William marries the oldest but eventually falls in love with younger The oldest takes her sister up to a rock to look out on the ocean and boats and pushes her off the cliff in to the water The youngest cries out for her sister to help her but she does not The princess oated down until she reached the mill and the milers daughter nds her and helps her out but she was drowned A harper was passing and they laid her to rest and carved a harp out of her bone and took it to her father The whole family sits around to listen to the harp play and it plays out that her sister drowned her and then it snapped and never played again The King and His Daughters 0 King had many daughters each said they loved him but the youngest answered quotI love you as saltquot He drove her out to the forest and as she was wandering along a prince found her and they fell in love The king went to her husbands for dinner but did not know it was his daughter and she serves him spinach served with salt and he loved it The princess threw off her veil and cried quotFather I love you as salt True genuine and lastingquot And the king realized his mistake and followed with full reconciliation ChangeHngs Brewery of Eggshells 0 Man and wife had twins who the woman took care of One day she was called far away to a neighbors house and left but got nervous and came back quickly to nd her twins just ne But after time the twins never grew bigger The man said quotthey re not oursquot and the woman said quotthan whose should they bequot Woman went to see a wise man and he told her when you are preparing dinner for the reapers clear out the shell of an hen s egg and boil pottage in it then take it to the door as if you meant it as dinner for the reapers If you hear the twins start speaking like adults throw them in the lake but if they don t then don t hurt them So she did it and heard the children start speaking so she threw them in the lake and the goblins in blue came and saved their dwarfs and the mother got her own children back Changeling is Beaten with a Switch 0 Nobleman had large crops that his subject harvested for him One year there was a barely recovered newborn mother harvester so she brought her child with her and put him down behind her to do work When she picked it up it wasn t her child She cried out but kept it for a few days but nearly collapsed it was so badly behaved The nobleman tells her to take it out to the eld and beat it and she will witness a miracle The woman did this until the child screamed and the Devil came back with her child and took his own back Young Giants 0 The Young Giant o Peasant had a son the size of a thumb The son wanted to go out to the eld to plow with his father but the father said no Son cried so father put him and his pocket and went A giant came over to them in the eld and took his son and the father was so frightened he couldn t move The giant took him home and fed him and he child grew large and strong After two years the giant took him to the woods to test him the boy pulled out a young tree and two years later a much larger tree Two years later pulled out a huge oak tree and the giant said you passed the test He took the child back to the farm to his father and he was so frightened he did not believe he was his son The son insisted on plowing the eld and does and sends his father home He comes home and mother does not believe it is her son They feed him but he is so hungry he says he cannot stay with them His father cannot get him an iron rod sturdy enough so he leaves anyway He goes to an cheapskate blacksmith and asks to work for him if he can only hit him twice ever 2 weeks After he hit him the blacksmith goes ying and the giant takes a rod and went to an estate to work He works hard and at the end of the weeks gives the man and his wife a swift kick and they go ying and the giant goes on his way 0 The Hairy Boy 0 King out hunting found a maiden in a tree and took her home to marry her Kings mother did not like the queen so King was away at war and she gave their newborn potion to make him hairy The mother told the king the child was not normal and he had his wife and child sent away The two returned to the tree to live and when child grew older he asked who his father was but was told he couldn t see him because he was the king The boy traveled to the castle went right in and ate with his father even though he was told not to The king tells him not to come back there but the boy leaves and returns the next day anyway The soldiers try and shoot him but he kills them all and enters and eats again The boy returned again the next day with his mother kills the soldiers goes inside and throws the king out the window and kills him The old queen ran in and the boy threatened to kill her if she did not get rid of the hair on his body She did so and the boy now had no more power than the ordinary people but him and his mother ruled in peace and splendor o The Blue Belt 0 Old beggar woman and boy traveling nd a blue belt She tells boy not to pick it up but later he runs back and gets it The woman was angry but they keep going and see a house The boy wants to go but the woman said no so the boy went anyway and greets a huge man 20 feet tall The woman faints of fear but the boy asks to stay the night and eat with them The man says yes and the woman is terri ed they will be eaten They eat and the boy pretends to go to sleep while the man suggests to the woman she could stay with him if they get rid of the boy The boy and troll go up to the mountain where he knows the troll plans to kill him and calls him out on it The boy then rolls a boulder and breaks the trolls leg then frees him and takes him back home The troll told the boy39s mother that he had a garden with twelve lions in that would tear him to pieces The mother pretended to be sick and sent him for lion39s milk but there the boy dashed the biggest to pieces cowing the others and got the milk The troll swore he didn39t believe it but the boy tossed him to the eleven lions which had come with him and then rescued him The troll then told the old woman that he had two brothers twelve times his strength that was why he was here having been turned out of their home They had apples that would make someone sleep for three days and three nights and the boy would be unable to keep from eating them The old woman sent her son to get her apples from their garden He went with the lions ate some apples and slept On the third day the brothers came but the lions tore them to pieces He found a princess that they had carried off She gave him one of the troll39s swords After they lived together for a time she decided to let her parents know what had happened to her and sailed off He went to see his mother and the troll she asked for his secret he revealed the belt and she tore it off She and the troll put out his eyes and put him adrift in a small boat The lions dragged the boat ashore on an island One day a lion chased a blind hare but it fell into a spring and after that could avoid things in its path The lions dunked the boy in the spring and he regained his sight He had the lions bring him back and then stole the belt again He punished his mother and the troll and set out to nd the princess The sailors stopped and found an enormous egg They could not break it but the boy could A chick came out He told the sailors to sail very quickly and leave the boat A great bird came and sank all the ships The boy cut its head off The boy disguised himself as a bear and as a dancing bear was brought to court The king brought him to the princess and he revealed himself to her Then he came as himself and told the king he wanted to nd the princess The king warned him that whoever did not nd her within a day would be killed The boy insisted and then led him to the princess The princess told the king that the boy had rescued her and so they married 129149 Sexual and Physical Abuse 0 The Wicked Stepmother 0 Man and wife make pledge never to eat without each other but one day the wife takes a bite of food without her husband there and turns into a goat He takes care of her but remarries a very mean woman who wasn t feeding the children so the goat mother would feed them The mother didn t understand how they were remaining fat and healthy so when she had a daughter of her own she fed her well and told her daughter to nd out how the others were getting food The stepmother is furious the goat is getting them food so pretends to be ill and need goat esh to get better The children are very sad but their mother comforts them and says to bury her bones in the yard and come to her when they need food and it will appear One day one of the stepdaughters dropped her nose ring in a lake and a sh swallowed it the same sh that was served to the king as a meal The king was fascinated by the ring and sought to nd who it belonged to and when he found the daughter thought she was beautiful and married her and provided plenty of food for the family Cinderella or The Little Glass Slipper o Exact same story as the Disney Cinderella Moral Beauty is treasured but graciousness is even better Cinderella 0 Similar but Cinderella receives help with her chores from two white pigeons They tell her to go shake a tree outside and it drops down a ball gown and silver slippers She went to the ball and the prince loved her When she got back she returned the clothes to the tree again The next night the pigeons helped her again and the tree gave her clothes to wear to the next ball She meets the prince again but then loses her glass slipper running home The prince goes looking for the woman who the slipper ts so the rst sister tries it on but it is too tight so she cuts off her heel The prince almost believes her then notices the blood and goes back The next sister tries it on and cuts off her toes and the same happens He comes back and insists Cinderella try the shoe it ts and they get married Conkiajgharuna the Little RagGirl 0 Little RagGirl with mean stepmother who made her work so she would grow thin and ugly She makes friends with a cow who gives her milk and butter to stay healthy She meets an old woman and compliments her who directs her to a spring that makes her hair golden so the stepmother sends her own daughter away with the cow so the same might happen to her daughter The daughter meets the same old woman and insults her the woman sends her to a spring that turns her hair black and grows a horn on her head The mother sends the cow to be killed so the cow tells the stepdaughter to bury its bones and come to them when she is in need Later the mother and stepdaughter go to church and make the raggirl stay and work She goes to the cows grave and asks for royal robes and a horse with beautiful clothes show up She puts on the clothes and rides to church where everyone is amazed by her beauty and returns home before her stepmother but a slipper falls in the river One day the kings horses nd the slipper and the king wants to wed the owner of it They go to the home and the mother hides little rag girl under a basket but she pins the king with a needle so he notices her The slipper t her and they get married Pepelyouga 0 Girls mother is turned in to a cow so father remarries and the stepmother hates her Stepmother makes her spin hemp or she will be killed The maiden spins out by the cattle her mother cow sees her and says she will eat the hemp and thread will come out her ears so the daughter successfully completes the task for the stepmother She keeps spinning more and more so the stepmother s daughter goes to spy on her and tells her mother about the cow Stepmother orders that cow to be slaughtered so the cow tells her daughter to burry her bones and come to them when help is needed The two later go to church and Cinderella goes to the bones and is presented with a chest lled with a beautiful dress She goes to church and amazes and returns before they get back and does it again the next week but drops her slipper Prince goes house to house but stepmother hides Cinderella in a trough A crow ies over his head and tells the prince she is in there it ts and they marry The Baba Yaga 150172 0 Stepmother sends daughter to her aunts to weave but it turns out Aunt was a Baba Yaga and wanted to eat her She is saved with the help of animals and comes home to tell her father The father has the stepmother killed and they live happily Kora and His Sister 0 7 brothers 1 sister the 6 oldest were married but not the 7 He Kora decided to put owers outside and marry the woman that picked them rst One day his sister gets too tempted and picks it wanting to see what it would look like in her hair but is caught and has to run away to avoid having to marry her brother She hides in a tree and one day trades her bracelet to a traveling girl but tells her not to show anyone or she will die The girl takes the bracelet and one day meets the sisters family and they see the bracelet recognize it as their daughters and demand to be taken to her They went and tried to get her to come home but she refused so they invoke a storm to make her cold and miserable enough she comes home When the family refuses to let her in Kora lets her in with a warm re That night she kills herself and he does too when he sees her The blood on the oor did not touch the others blood and when they were cremated the smoke from their ashes owed separately symbolizing that such marriages between brother and sister were not meant to be 0 The SheBear o A king s beautiful wife dies and he cannot nd a suitable woman to remarry He decides the only woman worthy is his daughter but she does not want to marry her father He demands she be with him so when he comes to her room that night an old woman tells her to put his quotpiece of woodquot in her mouth and she will turn in to a bear and then run away to the woods One day a prince is in the forest and sees the bear but nds she is very friendly and takes her back to his kingdom When he leaves she takes the wood out of her mouth and turns back in to a woman and he sees her from afar and falls in love but when he comes back she turns back in to a bear He becomes very sad so his mother has the bear killed but the servants loved the bear so they lied and took her to the forest instead They told the prince and he goes back to get her brings her back and falls in love with her He kisses the bear and the wood falls out of its mouth and she turns in to a woman again and they marry Moral those who do good receive good in return 0 AllKindsof Fur 0 Same story but father tries to bribe his daughter to marry him with lots of fur coats That night she puts them on darkens her face with soot and runs to the forest A huntsman nds her and takes her home to be a servant but one night there is a ball and she cleans her face and goes and meets a prince She returns and blackens her face again and does this 3 times The king puts a ring on her nger but she forgets to blacken her hand and when she tries to disguise herself the king nds her and they marry Fair Maria Wood 0 Father tries to marry his daughter she asks for a dress made of wood and gets it and throws herself in to the river and oats away A man nds her and takes her to be the servant One night she puts on a dress and goes to the ball and falls in love with the man She runs home and hides back in the box but is found and they marry o The Story of Catskin 0 Poem style same story 0 The Girl without Hands 0 A poor man meets a man in the forest who promises him wealth in exchange for what is behind his shed at home The man thinks it is just the apple tree there but didn t know at the time his daughter was standing there and the man in the forest was the devil The daughter washes herself clean so the devil cannot take her but he orders the father to chop off her hands and he does She cried so much she is clean again and the devil again couldn t take her One day she goes apple picking and is captured and turned in to the king to be banished but the prince likes her and wants to marry her Later her husband was at war and she had a child so sent him a letter but the deliverer fell asleep on his journey and the devil found the letter and exchanged them so the king said his wife and child were banished She meets a man in the forest who grows back her hands and has a house for her to live King returns and learns what happens goes to nd her and brings her home
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