Infancy Chapter 9
Infancy Chapter 9 Psyc3260
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc3260 at Tulane University taught by Dr. Bourgeois in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Infancy in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 04/06/16
Chapter 9: 12-18 months 04/06/2016 ▯ Physical and motor development Begin to show ability to stand on one for and walk up and down stairs with help Steps are longer and narrower, straighter and more consistent Still crawl for stairs and steep drops Can perceive how different types of surfaces affect locomotion More able to use objects as means towards goals o Deliberate use of tools o Can use spoons- proper use takes 6-8 months from onset ▯ Cognitive development Sensorimotor sub-stage 6- tertiary circular reactions o Creatively invent new ways of doing things o Active experimentation and search for novelty o Adapt to brand- new situation o Increase aware of self as persistent part of series of actions o Increases awareness of space and increased ability to remember/comprehend cause and effect over long time o Imitate novel acts ▯ Emotional Development Can remain happy over longer periods without continued stimulation o Elation Play active role in creating situation to produce/maintain happiness Self-consciously exaggerate facial expression, funny faces, play faces Play emotion games Delight in own achievement Continue to show affection but change from physical contact to expression from distance Work to control distress o Visibly fight back tears Inhibited/insecurely attached children show increased distress even at minor stressors Emotion regulation related to parents ▯ Social and language development Language has 3 basic properties o Semanticity: carry meaning for both speaker and listener o Productivity: ability of speaker to express different meanings with few words by rearranging them o Displacement: ability to describe distant/ absent objects and abstract concepts Syntax: structure Pragmatics: social and communicative function Acquisition theories o Learning o Behavioral ecology (CHOMSKY) o Functional Once joint attention is created it is relatively easy for infants to begin associating objects/ events with words Infants who are more skilled in establishing joint attention acquire language at an earlier age Intersubjectivity expands Meta-communicative Conventional actions: represent an action/object using a ritualized manner of expression o 1 words are for: objects, social interactions and simple concepts o Prefer object/ event for which they have a name Aware of semanticity but not displacement Make over extension errors 17 months- begin comprehending words Emergence of subjective self Discover their own emotional regulation skills ▯ Family and society Peers tend to increasingly focus their joint attention on an object Parallel play Situated constraints- mothers presence, familiarity with peer, peer experience Gap between need and availability of child care ▯ ▯
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