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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Lutterbach on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 04/06/16
China Under Mao Post-Revolutionary Period Marxism in China Purges – Many capitalist people were killed, up to 3 to 1 million people were killed. Land is taken and given over to the peasants, very much like the NEP. This is very popular to the peasants of China Collectivization – Land is taken and given over to the peasants, very much like the NEP. This is very popular to the peasants of China. He then takes this land away and makes this land a collective farm to different communities. This made the Peasants vs. Intellectuals: “Let a Thousand Flowers Bloom” – Program that brought in intellectuals and peasants and they had everyone put it all out on the floor. Everyone put their opinions of Mao out in the open. This allowed Mao to tell who his critics were, and they were mostly the intellectuals. He then began to punish them by sending them to the countryside to work on the collective farms. Great Leap Forward (Mao’s Five Year Plan) Objectives – Mao wants to advance Chinas industrialization. He reinvents industrialization. Usually industrialization would take place within cities, but Mao wanted to have industrialization take place in the countryside. He thought this by having the industrialization take place in the backyard of peasants, and to have them making infrastructure. Effects – This ended up being a disaster, all of Mao’s ideas did not work. There was also a great drought that lead to a major famine. This famine claimed the lives of 20-30 million people. Birth Rate – Their birth rate increased very fast (220,000 people per year) and this only contributed to the lives lost in the famine. The U.S. came to Mao and told him that they could help with birth control. Mao declines this offer. Cultural Revolution Pragmitists – Deng Xiaoping & Zhou Enlai, these two people were very important to the development of modern day China. These guys believed in a lot of capitalist ideas. Background – Revolution to get rid of all of the capitalists. Assault on “Capitalist-Roaders” – Mao does not like Xiaoping & Enlai talking about all of these capitalist ideas, so he launches an assault on all of the capitalist supporters in China. Reliances & Students – People were interviewed and asked questions until people gave up if they knew someone who is a capitalist. Students would even give up their parents. The people who were found out of being capitalist would be publicly humiliated, some were sent to the countryside, and some were even killed. These students became knew as the Red Guard. Xiaoping was sent to prison, and Enali was sent to the countryside. Results – Mayhem for 3 years, after these 3 years Mao decides that it should be over. Once this ends the pragmatist want to be released from jail. Soon these pragmatists resurfaced and took jobs in politics. Women in China 2 Mao’s Commitment – Mao wanted change for the women. Mao used women in the Military, wanted them to be educated, take jobs outside of the house. Nationalist Campaign – Madame Chaing Kai Shek kept telling all of the women to stay home and keep the traditional characteristic of women. Democracy Movement Question of Political Reform – Allowed in foreign companies, as well as Xiaoping created the stock market. Development of a Movement – Wei Jingsheng was kind of the leader of this movement. He voiced his opinions about having a democracy, and he was then arrested. T Square – 3
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