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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mason Lutterbach on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1020 at Auburn University taught by Michael B. Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 04/06/16
Indian Nationalism British Rule India as a British Colony – Known as Britain’s most important colony. When under British rule they got banks and railroads, but the poverty situation did not improve at all. The average life expectancy was in the mid 20’s. Nationalism and World War I – They supported the British by fighting and loaning money. They were very devoted to the British. India at first did not want to get rid of British rule, it was only because of their response to the Indians wanting power in their government. Famine and Epidemic – Occurs just after the end of WWI Chelmsford Reforms – Gave certain roles to Indians within their government. This meant they could have higher positions, but these cabinet level chair positions were not important. All of the important cabinet chairs were left for the British to run. Rowlatt Act – Gave the British in the Indian Government preventive detention, putting someone in jail before they had actually done anything. Amristar Massacre – Protest against British reforms. General Dyer wanted to break it up, so he told his soldiers to fire on the unarmed Indians. 400 Indians were killed and this is a big catalyst for the real nationalist movement to begin. Ghandi Early Life – Studied the Law in Britain. Very influenced by his mother. After he graduates his first job is in South Africa. Experience in South Africa – There he becomes part of an Indian Law Firm as an attorney, for 20 years. It is said that it is here where he really becomes an activist to alleviate discrimination. Non-Violent Resistance – This was his approach to his political activism. He believed they had to take the moral high ground by having no violence, as well as accomplishing this without violence gave a much stronger message. They began to withdrawal their cooperation, they stopped doing everything they were doing to enable Britain’s acts. He would also spin his own wool, to show defiance against the Britain Industry. March to the Sea (1930) – British had a monopoly on the sales of salt, so you had to buy salt from the government. So Ghandi leads a march to the sea to make salt. This was a very monumental moment, gained a lot of global press. Indian National Congress Objective - Wanted to develop a degree of self worth Nehru – Ghandi’s successor, also studied to be an attorney in Britain. Ghandi made Nehru more religious if anything. Leads the Indian National Congress. Muslim League – Led by Muhammed Ali Jinnah, they were really afraid of Ghandi, because if they were to get rid of the British then Ghandi would end up driving out the Muslims too. Partition (1947) – India would be given to the Hindu people, and the parts where Muslims are located were partitioned off and this land became known as Pakistan. 2 India After Independence Nehru’s Policies – He’s a socialist, so he believes in a controlled government. He also believes that technology would push India forward, and he also would accept a lot of foreign aid from Russia. Indira Gandhi – Daughter of Nehru, was leader off and on for a while, but was assassinated. India as a Major Power – To learn more and get OneNote, visit www.onenote.com. 3
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