Detailed POLS 112 NOTES!
Detailed POLS 112 NOTES! 112
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Kolb on Wednesday April 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 112 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Kathryn Logan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 159 views. For similar materials see Political Science 112 in Political Science at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 04/06/16
Pols Notes Day 1: *Government = political institution which rules over a designated area or territory and consists of law making/law enforcing. Pols Notes Day 2: Elite vs. Pluralist Theory (page 13) Consensus over values among leaders (Elite theory) Competition over values and goals (Pluralist) Principal Institutions of Power : -3 branches, political interests groups = PLURALIST -corporations, banks, investment firms, media giants, private organizations, and government = ELITEST Direction of Political Influence : -Top down, rather than bottom up. = ELITEST -Bottom UP = PLURLASIT (more democratic) some groups win, some groups lose, sort of like a free market competition Public Policy? (what the government does about problems) -public policy reflects elite preferences (what the elites prefer instead of what the masses prefer), preserve political system, doing it out of the goodness of their hearts, protect status quo = ELITEST -Public policy results from competition ..when interest groups gain or lose influence = PLURALIST Principal Protection for Democratic Values -preserve existing political system, elite commitment to democratic values, = ELITEST -allowing competition from competing interest groups = PLURALIST Pols Notes Day 3: American Federalism James Madison’s definition of federalism= a political system with a common central government and independent states, each with their own power and forms of authority Unitary : central government regional (regional governments derive powers from central government) Confederal : regional central government (central government derives power from regional governments) Federal : Central government and regional Powers Under Federalism: o Delegated powers= powers delegated to federal government Article 1, section 8. Necessary and proper clause. Article VI (6) – national supremacy clause o Reserved powers= powers left to the states 10 amendment : “powers not delegated to the federal government, nor prohibited by the Constitution to the states, are reserved to the states, or the people.” States’ reserved powers are known as “police powers” (health, safety, welfare, morals) o Denied powers= powers denied to each level of government Powers denied to both the federal government and the states. Federal government’s denied powers : article 1, section 9. Bill of rights States’ denied powers : article 1,section 10. 14 th amendment. o Concurrent powers= powers shared by the federal government and the states Shared powers between the federal government and the states creates a seed for conflict 1 conflict in Federalism = a national banking system. o Factors leading up to conflict o McCulloch vs Maryland (1819) o US Supreme Court addresses two main legal questions in the case o Outcome of case o Implications for federalism over course of our nation’s history o Legal questions : when 2 entities come into conflict, which entity is more supreme? How should the constitution be interpreted? o Government wanted broad interpretation of necessary and proper clause. o States lose reserved powers and inferior to federal law. Federalist #10 Paper o Factions= political interest groups derived from individual liberties o Removing their causes or controlling their effects. o You can’t remove them, so you must control them by a democracy or republic. (Madison opts for republic) o Large republic is better than a small republic. (Small republic= easier for one faction to take over) o Advocates for a federal system o
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