Sociology notes on different types of government
Sociology notes on different types of government SOC101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sophia Mattera on Thursday April 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC101 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Richard Fey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 04/07/16
SOC 101 4/7/16 Class notes Development of politics o Hunting and gathering Like family: specialized roles o Agrarian societies Small elite gaining power o Political states Restricted governing o Modern-nation states Modern technology brought about larger-scale political systems referred to as nation states The monarchy o Rule by a single person or family o Typical agrarian society o Modern example: Great Britain o Absolute monarchy Inherited Rulers monopolizing power Often supported by a strong military King has absolute power and final say I.e. King and queens or czars o Constitutional monarchy Modern day monarchy More of a figure head than a ruler Political principles rule Elected officials really rule Democracies o Power is exercised by people as a whole o Representative democracy Authority in the hands of elected officials o Rational-legal reasoning has ties to democracies o Use of extensive bureaucracies o Direct democracy Directly elected officials; elected by the people for the people o Extensive use of never elected petty bureaucrats Authoritarian o Denies popular participation in government o The ruler has very strong control o Whatever benefits the state becomes law o Absolute monarchy Heavy control Little or no voice in government for most people Government id often indifferent to peoples needs Government has no legal processes to remove leadership- arbitrary laws versus “rule of law” o “Soft authoritarianism” Heavy-handed government offering a “good life” people We govern for your best needs i.e. the possibilities of an improved life Fascism versus Totalitarianism o Fascism: philosophy that exalts a national and often the race of the individual that’s stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictorial leader and no opposition Autocratic: a person with unlimited power Fascism Total control over the population Justifies giving power to a single person Occurs when a middle class feels very insecure Bombard the population with propaganda Make the individual seem insignificant Thrown in jail if you question the government or disagree Terror is used to make the population obedient Political uniforms were used as symbols to create a stronger sense of nationalism Rely on Fascist symbols Targets the middle class Exploits nationalism –mythical component to this All fascism is related to their culture; i.e. Mussolini did so with trying to bring back the powerful nation of “Rome” Examples: Nazis and Hitler, Mussolini, etc. Totalitarianism No myths were used as they are in fascism Politics in America Cultural ties o America’s Bill of Rights o Limits the government The political spectrum o Liberal to conservatism o Allows for voices to be heard o Opposition can occur Economic issues o Differences in opinions Social Issues o “The value issues debate” Mixed Positions o Race and money talk Party Identification o Why just two parties?
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