Psychology Notes 4/7/16 Exam 3
Psychology Notes 4/7/16 Exam 3 1557
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Thursday April 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1557 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Manos Akillas in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see General Psychology (PSY 11) in Psychlogy at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 04/07/16
Milton Erickson Strategic Therapy -not based on a theory -consists of methods to help people change -developed a reputation of being a very good therapist -others have tried to analyze his methods and they have determined that there were certain types of techniques that he was using consistently Symptom Prescription (the same as paradoxical intention) -encourage them to experience the problem -used this method in strange ways -took a patient who fainted around women to a restaurant with him and his wife to try and get him to overcome his fainting, kept telling him when he should faint and the guy never ended up fainting -after that night the guy never had a problem with fainting when he went out on a date -many people thought the guy didn’t have a severe enough problem to begin with -a woman who couldn’t get a job came to Erickson, turned out at some point during the interviews she had the person would become very abrupt and ended the interview, this was because she talked about the little naked men that were dancing on her head - once they started talking about the men during therapy, she realized that the dancing women on Erickson’s head were looking at the men on her head, he played into the scenario and told her to come there before she has her next interview and put her men in the closet and keep them a secret (she ended up getting the job and gradually learned to live without the men on her head) Reframing -consists of doing something to change the meaning that the person attributes to the experiences they have -usually want to do this when a person has a negative meaning that should be positive and vice versa Metaphors -sometimes in therapy it becomes difficult for clients to talk about a certain situation/topic for various reasons (embarrassment, tension, etc.) -Erickson developed a technique to help clients discuss these difficult situations and topics more easilyà in metaphors -by using metaphors, it still allowed Erickson to show them the connection they needed to understand Inexperienced Therapists and Caution -you can do that same thing as previous therapists, but if you don’t understand the person well enough you won’t get the same results Hypnosis -formulated ideas that made hypnosis useful in therapy -very influential, one of the most effective -can’t use it for complex things -you can induce anesthesia through hypnosis (used by hospitals on people who are allergic to anesthesia) -Jefferson Hospital hypnotizes burn victims -has a bad reputation because people don’t think that it’s real and scientific -many think hypnosis is sleep, however the people are awake -people think hypnotized people will do whatever you want, this is only the case if the things you ask are things the person would do under the right circumstances -argued the hypnosis is a common day to day experience (2-3 times a day spontaneously without even realizing it) -it’s a special state of mind where you become open to ideas and info is communicated to you, you don’t realize that it came from someone else you think it’s your idea -the info we receive must correspond with our moral values, otherwise our guards go up
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