2444 Sports history
2444 Sports history 2444
Popular in History of Sports in Western History
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Melton on Thursday April 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2444 at East Carolina University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see History of Sports in Western History in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 04/07/16
Sports and the World 1936 Berlin Olympics In 1896 the modern Olympic games were based off of amateurism and spirituality The international Olympic company consisted of two chairs, Jim Thorpe was stripped of his medals because he played professional baseball Adolf Hitler took an interest in the sports games, he would put up Nazi symbols to promote the Nazi way The 1936 Berlin games marked a new idea on how and why individual countries staged the Olympics 1952 Helsinki Olympics In 1940 and 1944 WWII put a stop to the national Olympics The Cold War turned the Olympic games into an intense competition for the next 40 years The American and the Soviet Union believed that the Olympics would show their superiority to the world At the 1952 the EastWest rivalry was held in Helsinki and there was a debate on inviting the Soviet Union The Soviet athletes were amateurs and payed to train at the Soviet Union national sports academy Bob Mathias defended his decapathon title he won in 1948 1972 Munich Olympics The games were held in Munich, Germany to welcome them back into the international community The Cold War competition heated up, the U.S team never lost a basketball competition but in the gold medal game the Soviets won The Soviet female gymnastics team had Olga Korbut and brought a new athleticism, emphasizing artistry becoming the biggest star winning gold in two events Korbut seemed human and was the best gymnast at the time and when she performed badly she wept, causing the world to reach out to her and see the Soviets as nonrobots Nixon wanted to reduce tension between America and the Soviet Union by coming up with a diplomatic program named Detent Korbut toured the White House showing a good example of sports diplomacy PingPong Diplomacy (1971) In 1971 the U.S table tennis team played against the Japan team and competed there, the team expressed interest in the Peoples Republic of China and Mao Zedong invited the U.S to play against the PRC PingPong team In April 1971 many members of the U.S team were the first to play against the PRC PingPong Diplomacy acted as a sports diplomacy, creating a stronger relationship between China and America Munich Massacre (1972) 8 armed and masked members of Black September broke into the Olympic Villages with athletes, coaches and Olympic officials 2 Israeli Athletes were killed and 9 were taken hostage German authorities negotiated with Black September in order to get the hostages back, German officials agreed to let Black September flee without harm if they let the hostages go unarmed German didn’t believe the terrorist and had a squad waiting to take down the terrorist, because of this the terrorist killed all 9 of the hostages This whole scene was televised, ABC was on the scene to capture every second of the drama For the first time Americans came face to face with international terrorist “Miracle on Ice” at the 1980 Lake Placid Olympics The U.S mens hockey team won against the Soviets in 1980 The Soviets won an exhibition series against many National Hockey League teams The U.S team was composed of amateurs The “Miracle on Ice” contributed to a greater patriotism U.S boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics Jimmy Carter decided to boycott the 1980 Olympics because of the Soviet invading Afghanistan He persuaded NBC to not televise the game and persuaded Olympic officials to not invite the U.S 65 countries boycotted the games but the boycott failed, 80 other countries attended the game A good example of sports and international politics colliding 1984 Los Angeles Olympics 13 allies of the Soviet Union and the SU withdrew from the Olympic games Carl Lewis won the 100 and 200 meter sprints, long jump, and 400 meter relay Mary Lou Retton was the biggest star and won the women allaround title The “Dream Team” (1992 Barcelona Olympics) First to include professional athletes Led by Irvin “Magic” Johnson, Mary Byrd, and Michael Jordon Basketball’s Globalization From 19911998 Michael Jordon let the Bulls to national titles Jordon became the most famous athlete since Babe because of his marketing from Nike Nike’s Air Jordan shoes launched in 1985 th By the end of the 20 century basketball grew into a major export Became an international sport Baseball’s Globalization Baseball grew because Americans moved throughout the world, bringing with them the game of baseball Albert Splading’s World Baseball Tour (188891889) Started the tour to promote baseball and his company’s products Visited Hawaii, Australia, New Zelands, Egypt, France, Italy, and Britain Helped established the roots of baseball abroad Babe Ruth’s 1934 tour of Japan Wanted to unify Japan and the U.S but led to the event of WWII Japan loved the American teams The tour popularized the game of baseball in Japan and today baseball is the most popular sport in Japan
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