HIST 150 Week 10 Notes: 3/28-4/1
HIST 150 Week 10 Notes: 3/28-4/1 Hist 150-002
Popular in U.S. History to 1876
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Kendall on Thursday April 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150-002 at Colorado State University taught by Tracy L Brady in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1876 in History at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 04/07/16
3/28/16 Notes on Canvas- class was canceled 3/30/16 Louisiana Purchase Jefferson wanted to focus on domestic issues, but found he couldn’t avoid foreign affairs Napoleon takes power in France, France is at war with Britain. Had possession of part of the US, wanted to use it to his advantage, maybe invade Canada. Jefferson offered $2 million- $10 million to get New Orleans Napoleon isn’t that interested in the territory anymore, he offers Americans all of the Louisiana Purchase for $15 million. They accept it. 825,000 miles of territory- almost doubles US land Largest peacetime acquisition of territory in American History. Also considered not because it was not peaceful with Native Americans. Jefferson is a strict constructionist, there’s nothing in constitution saying that it was wrong so he bought it without seeking approval. Figured it was ok Lewis and Clark Expedition Captain Merriweather Lewis and Lt. William Clark May of 1804- September 1806. Started in St. Louis, ended in Fort Clatsop in present day Oregon Federally funded, very scientific o Studied environment, weather, animals, and plants. Got to know natives and made peace metals with them. Recorded everything o Can be used for practical economic development information Start with 43 men. Made it to North Dakota by winter, established Fort Mandan and lived with the natives. o Brought with them a Shoshone woman Sacajawea. Was the wife of a Frenchmen. She was 16-17 and had a newborn child. Some people think that she didn’t remember much. She could have helped show other native tribes that the men were not a danger. o During their journey, they stumble upon a Shoshone tribe, it’s a reunion and they sell them some supplies Float down the Colombia river and make it safely to the pacific coast, then make their way back Was very successful, only lost one man to appendicitis John Colter John Colter went with Lewis and Clark, on the return trip he gets permission to split off. Colter did not record anything, he only had really good stories. Historians think he traveled through Teton mountains, and Yellowstone Join with Flathead Indians, get involved with their enemies Black Feet, is captured stripped naked and tell him to run. They go after him, he hides in a river breathing through a river reed. His west was very exciting, adventurous, and inspired people to want to move, the Lewis and Clark one was practical and realistic National Economy of 1800 US is a producer of raw materials, very little industrialization Predominantly agricultural and rural Mostly small independent Yeoman farmers who sold some excess things sometimes Still plantation farmers in the south, the new commercial crop was cotton. o Problems: Had chunky seeds in them, you needed to pick them out in order to use the cotton 1793 the Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney Americans make a lot of money in shipping and trading o Robert Gray from Boston takes his ship the Columbia down to the tip of South America up all the way to the Pacific Northwest. He trades with Chinook people and gets otter skins. He then sails to China and sells them there for a lot of money. He then buys tea from china and comes back to Boston First American to circumnavigate the globe Also establishes trade with otter skins. o He does it again and finds a river, names it the Columbia o Boston trades come to dominate the otter skin trade, Indians start calling all Americas Bostons o Creation of the Clipper Ship- meant for speed Took 150-200 days prior, with this ship it only took 89 days Competed with steamships until they make improvements President James Monroe rd Elected in 1816, 3 and last president of the Virginia Dynasty Won really easily against Rufus King. Last election that the federalist run in. Is reelected in 1820; is essentially unopposed After his inauguration, he makes a goodwill national tour around the country. First ti di it since Washington. Goes all the way to Detroit- farthest any president has gone Also goes to Boston, was cheered, good since a decade ago it was a federalist city This time was called the “Era of Good Feelings”. Has a very diverse administration based on unity. Included people in his cabinet from the north and south 4/1/16 Monroe’s National Tour Characterized by good feelings Domestic policy: The American System o Program of American development, improved things to move away from an agricultural nation to more commercial interests. o Second Bank of the United States in 1816 People don’t think its bad to have anymore Used to provide large scale financing that small banks could not handle Was in Philadelphia Helped create a strong stable national currency o Tariff of 1816 First substantial protective tariff in history Designed to keep foreign goods from competing with American made products Imported cottons, wools, leather etc. industries had a chance to develop with this tariff The south is thinking to industrialize and agreed with the tariff o Government funding to building infrastructures Roads, internal improvements Republicans had problems with this because they didn’t necessarily benefit the whole nation but more just a specific location Diplomacy/ Foreign Policy Many achievements credited to Secretary of State John Quincy Adams o Considered best secretary of state Treaty with Great Britain to define Canadian Border and demilitarized them Agree to a joint-occupancy of the Oregon Territory for 10 years then after that they will decide what to do- Buys time for US to move across and settle in the west The Adams- Onis Treaty- US gains Florida o Andrew Jackson chases Native Americans across Florida border and attacks and over takes a Spanish fort. Adams “negotiates” that they will give $5 Million for Florida or they will simply take it over. They agree and sell it. Britain proposes an alliance to keep everyone out of America, Monroe says no we can do it on our own Monroe Doctrine o No more colonization of the Americas, everyone needs to stay out and go elsewhere. Also in return we will stay out of Europe’s business. If Europe decides to get involved and concerns their affairs with the Americas the US will consider it as a threat US cant back this up with power, yet. Significant in that the US saw themselves as powerful, in the future US will be able to back themselves up Missouri Compromise States who were slave states who moved west continues to make slave states and so did free states, so north stayed free, south stayed slave North want to dominate senate and so did south- lots of riots and protests Jefferson is scared this is the end, trying to hold US together 1820 Henry Clay from Kentucky comes up with a compromise. Maine says they want to be admitted as a free state. We will let Maine come in as a free state and then also let Missouri in as a slave state: Everything is equal. 36° 30’ Parallel, imaginary line, everything south is slave, everything north is free. Concerning for future when US gains more of the west.
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