HIST 150 Week 11 Notes: 4/4-4/7
HIST 150 Week 11 Notes: 4/4-4/7 Hist 150-002
Popular in U.S. History to 1876
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Kendall on Thursday April 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150-002 at Colorado State University taught by Tracy L Brady in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1876 in History at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 04/07/16
4/4/16 The Second Great Awakening Giant religious revival, people think they are going to national enlightenment More women than men participating Camp meetings: day long revivals where people would gather to hear preachers, would be in tents. Very exuberant, firey emotional manner of preaching. o People would react, would get bejerks (rolling around), would kneel, preach, etc. Largest meeting happened in 1801 in Cane Ridge, Kentucky with 20,000 people Social occasions as well and for young men and women. Circuit riders: ordinary people would feel called, and would leave and rider around preaching where they went. Includes all Americans, north, south, and slaves. Creation of the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME Church). o Built African American communities after the war, is a place for them to fight for civil rights later. Have to hide this from masters Democratization of Christianity People started speaking up and questioning for your own ideas and opinions. More people can vote than before. Since they can choose who to vote for, then people started doing it with religion. Clergy and laity distinction begins to disappear. Dismissal of orthodox, don’t need rules written down, people can figure it out themselves. Ordinary people feel very empowered. Don’t need people to interpret anything for you or mediate between you talking with god. Little sense of limits, “Millennial People” lots of reform, age of religious and social harmony Market Revolution Churches need to compete for believers because people could choose whether they liked how one worked- whether they heard god there. People could start their pwn churches Cheap penny press, could print old sermons cheaply, churches started advertising, made contemporary music o Proliferation of different denominations o An American thing- taking control of one’s own religious experiences Transportation Revolution Happening during the industrial revolution. They work together Creation of toll roads- inconsitant, people didn’t use them, they would make their own roads around it. Creation of other roads, cementing turnpikes and The National Road o Made of gravel instead of dirt o Went all the way to the Mississippi river from Delaware o Took a long time to make Made canals as an alternative transportation. Cheapest to transport goods via water o Made canals to make more east- west water ways o Erie canal- most famous o Proposal to move goods from the Great Lakes to New York o 364 miles long o People invented a stump puller for trees, new blasting powder, improved cement all to help build the canal o First recruit locals to help build it, usually farmers. Paid them $8 a day, but were not invested because they had their own farms and malaria. Irish Immigrants were used instead, made 50 cents a day with room and board. Much more reliable, started idea to use immigrants for dangerous, labor jobs o Moved 4 miles per hour o Farmers started to be less independent Steam Boats o Robert Fulton o Boilers on steamboats tended to explode, overtook the flipper ship o Made it so you could travel from London to New York in 15 days Railroads o Most important new kind of transportation o Over 30,000 miles of tracks made, mainly in north o More popular than canals o Lots of new innovation Iron industry must grow, train building, service industry… Broadens Americans horizons, make them want to take more risks o Lead Americans to mindset that they can build new things and manufacture them Industrial Revolution First step to real industrial revolution “Putting Out System” o An investor will invest in different places to make certain materials, then would put them out to people to later put together. Ex: Shoes o Broke things down into very simple steps- did one step of the whole process o Women were paid by how much they made o Merchant Capitalist didn’t have to pay much for this o Made shoes more standardized- less money to make instead of being tailored to each individual person The “Real” Revolution o Starts with stealing British technologies o Samuel Slater- worked in a textile machine factory in London. London tried hard to protect their secrets, workers could not immigrate. He disguised himself, Americans paid for his passage and comes to America. Helps to build the greatest spinning technology Small spinning mills, sometimes called family mills. Failed family farmers would come to the mills to work, and with everyone working it was enough to live off o Francis Cabot Lowell Goes to England, flatters his hosts, saying they are better than Americas, they offer to give him a tour of the mill, then he made detailed sketches and brought them back Invent the Power loom, industrial processes put under same roof Boston Associates Mills Still had sewing stuff together put out to people to do Lowell, MA Built 6 mills, company housing and had lots of women working. 4/6/16 Industrial Revolution Eli Whitney o Invented the American System of Manufactures Machine made interchangeable parts Better than having things individually made o Took him 10 years to make it Simeon North o Made a machine to grind down parts to the right specifications John Hall o Perfects their system o Makes the Springfield Rifle o Revolutionizes not only firearms, but also watches and clocks are machine made with interchangeable parts: leads to mass production of several products Commercial Farming Technologies and transportation o Mechanized McCormick reaper- can cut 12 acres of wheat a day Cheap fertile land- people can start doing commercial agriculture o Leads to specialization, if you’re independent you grow a variety to feed your family, but as a commercial farmer you are growing something specific to sell mass quantities of Farmers can’t determine what their crop sells for- at the mercy of global market forces o Also at mercy of the transportation companies and what they charge to ship Had competition to having the latest technology, many times farmers had to take out a loan o Couldn’t always pay for their loan, banks could take it back or their farm… With tremendous growth it architecture made New England farmers less competitive because they couldn’t keep up. Put some of them out of business and will move to the city to find work often in factories South wasn’t as impacted because they were already apart of the commercial agriculture Fur Trade Hudson Bay company controls it at first 1824- William Ashley found the Rocky Mountain Fur Company o Innovated acquiring the furs o Looks for 100 men, sends them west and has them live there year round and trap furs- especially beaver pelts Beaver hats, gloves, coats o He will meet up with trappers once a year at a prearranged rendezvous- in the summer, the off season. At the rendezvous they would sell their furs, then use the money to buy new supplies for the next year, then spent the rest on fun Jackson’s Hole Compared to Mardi Gras- everyone just has a really good time Would have French Canadians, British Canadians, all sorts of Native Americans, African Americans, Mexican, and many other groups o Era of the “Free Trapper” o Women were useful not only for love, but also could help with processing the pelts. By marrying a Native American Women, you become part of her family and provides you with resources and connections. Gave them protection, knowledge and advice Was not shameful to have a Native American wife until others started moving west when fur trade started declining. Right now was considered really good. o Is short lived Fades by 1840’s- the beaver is almost extinct Saved by change in fashion- silk hats replace beaver hats o Fur Traders considered as some of the first pioneers They really knew the land, how to live there… 4/8/16 Exam 2
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