Beethoven Notes (Monday and Wednesday)
Beethoven Notes (Monday and Wednesday) MUMH 1600
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Arely Sanchez on Thursday April 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUMH 1600 at University of North Texas taught by Dr. Randy Kinnett in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Music in Human Imagination in Music at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 04/07/16
Beethoven Got along with a lot of people (very friendly) Part of the romantic era Dad was court musician for elector of Bonn He was great at piano Moved to Vienna in 1972 Had many patron “regulars” they liked him writing them pieces Received annuity from three patrons from 1808. So he wouldn’t move out of town Also engaged middle-class public with publications and concertizing A transitional classical-romantic composer Keeps getting more deaf and it was not getting better so some of his friends start drifting away Started writing letters: new style like Symphony No. 5 Symphony No. 5 Composed in 1804-1808 Beethoven knew it would attract 2 kinds of audience: -Aristocratic patrons: >Prince Lobkowitz >Count Ramousky >Private Palace premiere New Kinds of Patrons: Wealthy middle-class music lovers Paying audience at public concerts, Vienna in 1808 People bought publications-music on paper Beethoven’s fifth in print Score: format for printing music that shows all orchestral parts together (published in 1809) Many piano arrangements were published later -not necessarily made by the actual composer -solo piano -especially piano duet (“four hands”) Beethoven symphony No. 5 Fulfills the most important expectations but has other features that appeal to: -connoiseurs -causal or novice music lovers Meets genre expectations for a symphony (1750s) The Symphony Closest thing to a concerto Piece for orchestra in 4 movements -so it sounds like 4 different individual pieces A showcase for classical-era orchestra -there’s new instruments (clarinets, French horns, etc.) -different timbres Lasted between 15 to 30 minutes -Beethoven is an exception. He would stretch is out (sometimes) Each movement had typical characteristics style 1) First Movement: typically fast (relatively); in sonata form 2) Second Movement: slower 3) Third Movement: relatively fast, in dance style, usually minuet, in ABA form 4) Fourth Movement: (finale): fast, sometimes in sonata form Sonata Form Common in classical first movements Most narrative form to develop so far (telling a story) Has 3 sections: exposition (usually repeated), development (unexpected), recapitulation Exposition Melodies that happen to introduce them Presents the movements main ideas “themes” Usually twice Ends in the wrong key/wrong chord Development Takes content from exposition and manipulates to make it in a new way Can be playful or sinister [tones] Recapitulation Ideas are presented in original order Ends with the correct key this time Symphony No. 5 (again) Meets genres expectations for a symphony -has 4 movements with typical features -first and last movements are in sonata form -second movement is slow and long -third movement in ABA form (no minuet) Composed for an orchestra For everyone to listen to; people were familiar with the way movements were supposed to sound Some of its features stir the imagination -unusually intense and dramatic -bigger orchestra with some added instruments (piccolo) Has 3 instrumentalists that don’t play until the 4 movement -trombones
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