One Week of Sociology Notes January 14th-28th
One Week of Sociology Notes January 14th-28th SOC101
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Strickland on Tuesday February 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC101 at a university taught by Sarah Morton in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 201 views.
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Date Created: 02/03/15
Sociology 101 Wednesday January 14 2015 351 PM Before Wednesday 12815 familiarize page 21 In Lecture Guide The Practical Skeptic pages 2949 Chapters 234 Chapter 2 THE SOCIOLOGICAL EYE Modern sociologists 1 2 The focus on the social Skepticism Individualism The idea that in life people pursue their own ends that people follow their own ideas Individuals are hardly noticeable It is the social environment that makes some choices easier and others harder Mills talks about looking beyond what he called personal troubles of individuals to see the public issues f social structure The individualistic bias leads people to think that their own situations are a result of their own behavior they don39t notice that there are larger entities forces outside of themselves that shape their behaviors Some of our worst problems are the result of social forces Personal trouble A result of something they did or did not do Suicide is also a social issue along with divorce as these are result in social integration in a particular society Institutional racism larger patterns of raciest behavior without being aware of it Manifest intended and obvious Latent unintended and frequently hidden Chapter 3 Science and Fuzzy Objects EXTRA CREDIT TEST IN DESCUSSION FRIDAY Cheating what happens if you cheat Chapter 16 by end of the week green book Chapter 17 by end of week red week Discussion section last week Socioogica imagination Discussion section this week First paper due and note check FIRST EXAM Week 5 Monday FEB 9th Sociological Imagination Key Concepts Agency vs Structure Individual in society Fate vs free will Philosophical not sociological Free will individual autonomy and choice Agency VS Your choice is shaped by the in uence of other and the limited range of options others allow you Structure And you can break these rules but there are consequences Examples of drivingtraf c light Examples of lovemarriage Personal decision Laws parents friends circumstances such a culture and customs shape who you marry Who you interact with For example sociologists might stud rates of interracial marriage to look at how integrated a society really is could also look at residential segregation The Sociological imagination A term coined by American Sociologist C Wright Mills The ability to look beyond the personal troubles of individuals to see the public issues of social structure the social forces operating in the larger society The importance of the larger historical situation CONTEXT and its meaning for the lives of individuals Having a sociological imagination is simply having an understanding of how social arranges in uence people39s behavior Opens up new resources for understanding and problem solving Social arrangements affect the lives of individuals Hernando Washington Sexually assaulted a woman Individual and societal health Status Health as a personal trouble your health depends upon what you do Health as a social issue your health depends on your place in the social hierarchy Smoking Researchers found that health varies by social status Status A position or location a person can occupy within a society or smaller social grouping Status hierarchies are part of social arrangement they are made up of people in different statuses Evidence from research shows that where you are in the social hierarchy affects your health Achieved status you earn through your own Social Science First lesson you learn in school All observe society Sociologists study things scienti cally scienti callysystematically Rules research methods theories Manifest and latent Robert K Merton really understanding social things involves understanding both their Manifest intended and obvious AND Latent Possibly Unintended and frequently hidden Consequences P sons University education Mother39s day and father39s day Carrying a briefcase Core concepts CHAPTER 2 p 37 2 free years of community college Chapter 1 History of Sociology Science to understand the physical world earth as a center of universe Church Shift to earth as revolving around the sun Copernicus and Galileo Newton39s Law Big Changes Chaos Church still explained social world Born into position can39t change quotestatequot BUT great Social change Commons pre to 160039s to Enclosures 17005 Agricultural Revolution 17005 Migration to cities Industrial revolution 17805 Factories and cities American Revolution 1776 French revolution 1789 Industrial revolution and rise of Sociology August Comte French B 1798 Emile Durkheim French 18581917 Alarmed by societal problems What holds society together Division of labor SoHdar y Collective consciousness Mechanical Organic Durkheim Continued Suicide Social fact Protestants vs Catholics Suicide rates Patterns Sui generis Focus on nature of society itself Norms rules for behavior Deviance Functionalism Karl Marx German 18181883 Emphasizes economics The MATERIAL base of society All else is epiphenomenal Informal Logic Sociology is the scienti c study of interactions and relations among human beingsquot Be skeptical of what quoteveryone knowsquot Errors f Naive inquirv Sources of information for conventional wisdom our own experiences Other peoplesecond hand information media Generalization Some are true Stereotype Positive or negative Asians are smart Meet an Asian person who is not smart Flawed Logic Fallacv Many Kinds of Fallacies 3 main kinds Fallacies of Presumption Hasty Generalization One was bad so they39re all bad False Bifurcation Nature or Nurture If you don39t do well on exam 1 False Cause AKA Spurious association Cause Temporal order association no other factor that causes bot Ice cream and crime and drowning Correlated but not casual gtH OOOgtOOgtO 1 Relevance fallacies Relying on irrelevant sources of information Appeal to one Many Select Few Tradition Fallacies of the wrong level Jury individual jurors vs juries Musicians individual musicians of bandsgroups Footba players or teams How you study it depends on your research question But information discovered for one unit of analysis cant be used to draw conclusions about relationships at another unit of analysis 15 ofjuries not able to come to unanimous decision This does not mean that 15 of people could not decide 0 O O O OH Studying a group and making inferences at the individual level is called an Ecological Fallacy Studying at the individual level and making inferences about the group is called Reduction Fallacy Guard against these fallacies
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