Week 11--Lectures 28-29
Week 11--Lectures 28-29 Art History 201
Popular in History of Western Art 1: From Pyramids to Cathedrals
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlin Acierno on Sunday December 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Art History 201 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Prof Dale in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see History of Western Art 1: From Pyramids to Cathedrals in Art History at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
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Date Created: 12/20/15
Lecture 28 Arts of Migration and Monastic Mission in Northern Europe November 9 2015 Lecture Themes from slide 0 Migration Arts 0 Flourishing of metalwork portable objects of personal adornment as symbols of status and rank conspicuous consumption 0 Germanic traditions of zoomorphic animal interlace with apotropaic symbolism 0 Custom of Ship Burial and treasure o Missionary Art 0 Assimilation of Mediterranean Christian art within indigenous northern European culture esp in book arts 0 Distinctive Embellishment of the Word in Gospel books 0 Spread of monasticism 0 Development of monumental stone sculpture crosses as means of Christianizing landscape Historical Background from slide 0 431 Celestine I sends Palladius as first bishop of Ireland 0 45051 Angles amp Saxons invade Britain 0 563 Columba founds Iona o 585 Columba founds Durrow o 597 St Augustine s mission to Christianize Kent at behest of Pope Gregory I o 634 Lindisfarne founded o 674 Benedict Biscop found WearmouthJarrow in Northumbria brings books from Rome 0 Ca 700 Beowulf composed o 804 Kells founded my monks from Iona 0 79051100 Viking invasions of coastal Europe British Isles Gummersmark Brooch silver gilt Denmark 6th century o This was worn over the shoulder to hold cloaks Oseberg Ship Burial ca 800 of This was the most common form of burial in Scandinavia o This buried both men and women 0 Zoomorphic interlace was common during this period It is believed to be sea serpents 0 There were remains of women in the burials that were found There was a chamber or wooden shelter where the dead sat up in before the final burial o AnimalHead Post I This has the same zoomorphic animal designs as the ship did Sutton Hoo Burial Ground Excavations of ship burial in Mound 1 193839 by Basil Brown o This is thought to be the burial of King Raedwald of East Anglia 595625 0 It is suggested that this place has a close relationship with Scandinavia o The wood did not survive from this burial o Purse lid from Sutton Hoo gold with garnet cloisonn and millefiori enamel inlay I There are strange animals and men on this purse Book of Durrow Symbol of Saint Matthew tempera on vellum ca 675 copied from Gospel written for Saint Columba Columcille missionary to Ireland 52197 Lindisfarne Gospels made by scribe Eadfrith Evangelist Portrait of Matthew Northumbria ca 700 Book of Kells Chi Rho Iota page probably made in Iona Scotland tempera on vellum ca 800 Cross of Muiredach Monasterboice Ireland sandstone ca 923 Last Judgement and Weighing of Souls left Crucifixion right Al F 3ng a Low relief scriptural images This is two sides of the same cross The Irish traveled quite a bit so they had a lot of influence from many different countries and continents Lecture 29 Rome Reborn Carolingian and Ottonian Revivals of Antiquity November 11 2015 Lecture Themes from slide 0 Revival of Imperial and Early Christian Rome expressed in Ruler portraits monumental architecture and cast bronze sculpture 0 Religious Renewal in new monasteries as utopian planned communities and in book production 0 Synthesis of Northern Germanic ornament with classicizing style of figural art for Carolingians 0 Development of quotexpressionisticquot style in late Carolingian and Ottonian art 0 Innovation of Sculpture in the round in conjunction with new Eucharistic theology and relic cult the crucifix and the Madonna and Child Historical Background from slide 0 Carolingian Empire 0 768 Charlemagne King of Franks 800 Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor 81440 Louis the Pious 84055 Lothar 85575 Louis 87577 Charles the Bald k of Franks 84077 0 877ff Empire attacked by Maguars and Vikings 0 Ottonian Empire 0 93673 Otto 0 97383 Otto married Byzantine princess Theophano 9831002 Otto III 0 100225 Henry II patron of Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim 00000 Silver denier of Charlemagne after 804 o The front depicts Charlemagne as a Roman emperor 0 Use strong identifications I The Roman emperor didn t actually wear the crownleaf Gatehouse of Lorsch Abbey stone and terracotta tile 774 S 77 threeilaoman triumphal arches o Monasteries had political aspects during this time 0 Detail of attic story The dome at the top was a later addition 0 Charlemagne is almost like a simplified San Vitale o Aachen Palace Chapel interior view to dome with Christ adored by 24 Elders o Crosssection of Palace Chapel Aachen and Throne of Charlemagne in West gallery adjacent Westwerck I When sitting in the throne a person could see straight down to the alter or look up and see Christ in the dome Coronation Gospels of Charlemagne Aachen tempera on vellum ca 800810 fol 15r St Matthew I 39 qAH were very important to copying texts o Monasteries Ebbo Gospels from Hautviller nr Reims tempera on vellum ca 816840 St Matthew Canon Tables 0 There is a shift towards greater expressionism through line as seen in the nervous energy in Matthew Utrecht Psalter Hautviller nr Reims ink on velum 82550 Psalms 43 and full folio of Ps 23 quotad verbum illustration MIAQUAMMIHNUM ADDMQU LilIL I JHILIESQRIUI 325er llEleALEIMHHlNUl L luumrurmmAM MANUMUSMHHW nummincmazimwcuLivgt m i 431 4 3171 if o Psalm 432226 I quotNay for thy sake we are slain all the day long and accounted as sheep for the slaughter Rouse thyself Why sleepest thou O Lord Awake Do not cast us off forever Why dost thou forget our affliction and oppression For our soul is bowed down to the dust our body cleaves to the ground Rise up come to our help Deliver us for the sake of thy steadfast love Provinces of Roman Empire pay homage to Otto III Gospels of Otto III 9971000 revs I Provinces paying homage to the emperor 0 Style is further expressive in qualities 0 Emperor is larger than life 0 Space is diminished because the emperor is made so big 0 There is no special consistency Saint Michael Hildesheim 101033 built under Bishop Bernward 0 Known as the quotdoubleended church 0 Interior to east and ground plan Kl v m I w m I m 11 M It I m M I it 01 I Similar to the Basilica of Old St Peter s I Apse at the west end was the monks choir space Church of St Michael Hildesheim Germany Bronze doors with Genesis narrative left and Life of Christ right commissioned by Bishop Bernward 1015 Creation amp Temptation of Adam and Eve This is the first example of large scale bronze casting since the fall of the Roman empire Narratives emphasizes the comparisons between the stories of Adam and Eve and Jesus Bronze Column of Bishop Bernward Hildesheim 10151022 Golden Madonna of Essen Essen Cathedral Treasury ca 970
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