SOCI Week 12 Notes
SOCI Week 12 Notes SOCI 1160 030
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SOCI 1160 030
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amber Levister on Friday April 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1160 030 at Georgia State University taught by Mindy Stombler in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Problems in Sociology at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 04/08/16
Intro to Social Problems Tuesday 4/5- Thursday 4/7 ▯ Tuesday 4/5 ▯ Gender Inequality A. Lack of Assertiveness B. Interruptions o 31 ten-minute conversations: 20 same-sex convos 7 interruptions 11 cross-sex convos 48 interruptions (46/48 M interrupting F) 96% men had more talk time; women fell silent after being reinterrupted after trying to restart o looking for “true interruptions”= cutting someone off and starting new topic o Orcutt and Mennella: did not notice men’s interruptions- underestimated noticed women’s interruptions- overestimated C. Body Language o Men more likely to man-spread o Women more likely to sit restricted o Men are more likely to touch women without permission o Women more likely to do a canted head (head to the side while talking) ▯ 2 Main Approaches to Understanding Gender Inequality Socialization o Babies are gendered even before birth (nursery, baby clothes) o Girls: infants get talked to more; more likely to rock, hold, and caress get more restrictions and control (curfews, relationships, roaming while playing, clothing Girls more likely to play in small groups Women compete against other women for men’s attentions Learn to be dependent on men o Boys have more achievement demands, encouraged to be daring and suppress fear Women to enjoy success vicariously through men’s success Fathers teach sons to fend for themselves and teach daughters to ask for help Boys get punished more physically punish more physically Boys Girls Build/ contruct Homemaking Power Less creative competition Beauty control Popularity fight Domestic work Aggressive Childrearing ***Toy Ads & Learning gender: diff. in ads for boys/ girls toys ▯ In 1975 only 2% of Sears toys explicitly marketed to either boys or girls (actively challenged stereotypes) o in 1995, 50% of Sears toys marketed explicitly to boys or girls o Our toys today are more divided than 50 years ago Critique of Socialization Perspective: o Ignores social structure; if you want to see social change, it becomes very person-blamed (either blaming women for bad socialization or their socializers) hard to changed individuals on a societal level Structural Perspective: examining Media o Women’s voices are not heard: Women= only 14% of people interviewed on Sunday talk shows Men outnumber women’s bylines (authorship of newspaper article) 3 to 1 in the top newspapers on the front page Men are far more likely to be quoted in newspapers, television, and radio (even in regards to abortion, birth control, women’s rights) Men report on more topics (business, politics) o Women do not have equal power to choose what stories important to tell: Are 9% of directors of top 250 domestic grossing films Own only around 6% of the commercial tv stations o Women are generally deemed less important: Women’s deaths reported on the news only 23% of the time compared to the 77% for males **Killing Us Softly 4 video The average American is exposed to over 3000 ads everyday Advertising influence is cumulative and subconscious Women’s bodies turned into objects and products, dismembered in ads Models show excessive thinning over time, and many suffer from eating disorders like anorexia 1) advertisers surround us with the ideal image of female beauty, 2)silencing women with their gestures and passive, vulnerable body language in ads, 3) being “hot” becomes the most important thing over Increased sexualization of young girls (models in ads appearing more juvenile with outfits and altered features that appear younger) “Pornification” of food and clothing advertisements (i.e. the burger king ad for the 7 inch burger) girls exposed to sexualized images at a young age are more at risk for depression, eating disorders, and mental health problems virginal vs. experienced image encouraged in ads (appear pure but sexy); ads eroticize violence (bondage, murder) masculinity= powerful, lack of communication, aggressive, contempt for femininity/ devalued o Manufactured demand*** makes us think we need these prodctus on the ads to appear as the models do. ▯ ▯
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