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Chapter 5 Organizational Behavior

by: Emily Drazinakis

Chapter 5 Organizational Behavior MGT 304

Marketplace > University of Miami > Business > MGT 304 > Chapter 5 Organizational Behavior
Emily Drazinakis
GPA 3.61
Management: Organizational Behavior
Cecily Cooper

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Management: Organizational Behavior
Cecily Cooper
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This 5 page Reader was uploaded by Emily Drazinakis on Tuesday February 3, 2015. The Reader belongs to MGT 304 at University of Miami taught by Cecily Cooper in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 79 views. For similar materials see Management: Organizational Behavior in Business at University of Miami.

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Date Created: 02/03/15
Chapter 5 Personality and Values What is Personality Personality is the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others Personality tests are useful in hiring decisions and help manages forecast who is best for a job The most common way of measuring personality is by ilf report surveys in which individuals evaluate themselves on a series of factors Observerratings survey provide and independent assessment of personality 0 Here is when an observer or coworker does the rating Is it environmental or hereditary o Heredity refers to factors determined at conception biological o Heredity by genes not parenting Personality traits are enduring characteristics that describe an individual s behavior 0 The consistency over time and frequency of expression in diverse situations indicates how important the trait is for the individual The Myer s Briggs Type Indicator Most widely used personality assessment instrument in the world lOOquestion personality test that asks people how they feel in certain situations Extraverted or introverted sensing or intuitive thinking or feeling and judging or perceiving o Sensing sensing types are practical and prefer routine 0 lntuitive rely on unconscious processes and look at big picture 0 Feeling rely on personal value and emotions 0 Judging want control and prefer order 0 Perceiving exible and spontaneous These classi cations describe l6 personalities The Big Five Personality Model Big Five Model that ve basic dimensions underlie all others and encompass most of the signi cant variation in human personality Big Five Factors 0 Extraversion captures our comfort level with relationships Gregarious assertive and sociable o Agreeableness refers to an individual s propensity to defer to others 0 Conscientious measure of reliability 0 Emotional Stability taps a person s ability to withstand stress High calm selfcon dent and secure 0 Openness to experience addresses range of interests Employees who score higher in conscientious develop higher levels ofjob knowledge Conscientious people live longer because they take better care of themselves Extraverts tend to be happier in their jobs and in their lives Extraversion usually are strong leaders The Dark Triad The Big Five traits are socially desirable except for neuroticism There are also some undesirable traits known as the Dark Triad Dark Triad is a constellation of negative personality traits consisting of Machiavellianism narcissism and psychopathy Machiavellianism the degree to which an individual is pragmatics maintains emotional distance and believes that ends can justify means 0 Pragmatics maintains emotional distance and believes ends can justify means 0 Manipulation Narcissism describes a person who has a grandiose sense of selfworth requires admiration has a sense of entitlement and is arrogant o a certain degree of narcissism are more charismatic than others 0 they think they are better leaders but are actually worse Psychopathy lack of concern for others and a lack of guilt or remorse when their actions cause harm ApproachAvoidance Approachevidence framework the framework by which individuals respond to stimuli whereby approach motivation is attraction to positive stimuli and avoidance motivation is our aversion to negative stimuli o Organizes traits may predict work behavior Other Personality Traits Core SelfEvaluation are bottom line conclusions individuals have about their capabilities competence and worth as a person 0 People with positive CES are effective capable and in control 0 People with negative CES tend to dislike themselves and question their capabilities o SelfMonitoring is a personality trait that measures an individual s ability to adjust his or her behavior to external situational factors 0 Are highly sensitive to emotional cues and can behave differently in varying situational factors Proactive Personality identify opportunities show imitative take action and preserve until meaningful change occurs 0 Higher levels ofjob performance and career success 0 Good work teams Personality and Situations SituationStrength Theory a theory indicating that the way personality translates into behavior depends on the strength of the situation 0 The degree to which norms cues or standards dictate appropriate behavior 0 There are four elements Clarity the degree to which cues about work duties and responsibilities are clear Consistency extent to which cues regarding work duties and responsibilities are compatible with one another Constraints extent to which an individual s freedom to decide or act is limited by forces outside their control Consequences the degree to which decisions or actions have important implications for the organization or its members Trait Activation Theory a theory that predicts that some situation events or interventions activate a trait more than others 0 Commission based salary makes a person work harder to be more extraverted Together situation strength and trait activation theories show that the debate over nature versus nurture might best be frames nature and nurture 0 They interact with one another and affect behavior Values Values represent basic convictions that a quotspecific mode of conduct or endstate of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or endstate of existencequot Values contain a judgmental element because they carry an individual s ideas about what is right good or desirable When we rank values in terms of intensity we obtain that person s value system 0 Value system is a hierarchy based on a ranking of an individual s values in terms of their intensity Many of the values we hold are established in our early years by parents Values lay the foundation for our understanding of people s attitudes and motivation and in uence our perceptions Terminal values desirable endstates of existence the goals a person would live to achieve during his or her lifetime Instrumental values preferable modes of behavior or means of achieving one s terminal values Linking lndividual s Personality to Workplace oPersonalityjob t theory identi es six personality types and proposes that the t between personality type and occupational environment determines satisfaction and turnover oHe proposes that satisfaction and the propensity to leave depends on how well individuals match their personalities to a job


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