UGC 112, Week 2, Boyd
UGC 112, Week 2, Boyd UGC 112 - Timothy Boyd
Popular in World Civilization 2
UGC 112 - Timothy Boyd
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bella on Tuesday February 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to UGC 112 - Timothy Boyd at University at Buffalo taught by Gabriella in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 141 views.
Reviews for UGC 112, Week 2, Boyd
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/03/15
UGC 23 Merchants started selling luxury items cinnamon jade silk from China porcelains camphera used as medicine in Europe pepper nutmeg sugar cotton metals murr opium poppies shells etc gt Imported goods meant middle men which wasn t good for business Ottoman Empire European merchants in late middle ages want to sell wide variety of luxury goods amp make big profits how is this possible with so many middle men gt Arab merchants picked a central location against monsoon season in east Indian Ocean and beyond Melaka I Melaka used by South Indian merchants 1st Who is first to try new routes around those middlemen gt The Portuguese gt 1415 AD Portuguese Capture North African port of Ceuta as 1St step towards finding new trade route to the East Cornering trade on gold and slaves and other goods gt Slaves and goods got there by walking across the desert V Portuguese began exploring the sea for more direct trade routes gt Portuguese decide to use west coast of Africa sail around and on to the East it takes about 90 years of travel and exploring to get there gt New technology aids I New type of ship called Caravel Combination of medieval cog fatbellied merchant ship and a Mediterranean galley Could carry a lot of merchandise and get close to shore I Navigational devices Compass Astrolabe I Shipboard artillery 1499 Vasco da Gama rounds S Africa to India rounds the Cape of Good Hope 1511 AD Portuguese capture Melaka Portuguese begin very quickly to dominate new trade but their Spanish neighbors are watching closely 1498 Spanish Reconquista completes conquest of Southern Muslim Spain Kind Ferdinand of Castile and Queen Isabella of Aragon are married amp control new unified kingdom But the economy needs vitamins Surpluses weapons and soldiers I Lack money and valuable trade items Columbus offered to sail the West 3000 miles to the rich Indies I North America just that a patch of farnorth known land I South central America is still unknown I Columbus persuaded Spanish government and some merchants to fund his trip west about 30 days to the Indies I 33 days Columbus discovers Caribbean Islands he s only 9000 miles short of the Indies but he puts a bold face on it and says Let s try again Points out the potential lushness of the islands as possible producers of agricultural product Many natural harbors I The Spanish begin to see possibilities islands Produce sugar Can be a jumping off point for the next exploration central America and the riches of the Aztec empire O UGC 25 v Meanwhile while Portugal and Spain were carrying out empires in other worlds some western European countries were just trying to become countries gt France for example From late 15th Century on France has internal and external struggles External O Mostly against the rising power of Spain Internally Struggles for and against unification O By mid16th century 1500 s religious struggles Protestant vs Catholic 1589 Henri IV becomes king and catholic at the same time Q Paris is worth a massquot 1598 Edict of Nantes tolerance for Protestants Q But this is only the beginning a unified country needs a strong economy along with strong leaders O Henri amp Duc De Sully to make government gt Lower taxes gt Improve infrastructure gt Decrease the power of the nobles 1620 Henri IV is assassinated stabbed to death 1600 Henri and Maria de Medici unhappy marriage yielded son 9 Louis XIII O Louis XIII boy and so his mother Maria and Cardinal Richelieu run the state O Louis XIII and Richelieu gt Absolute monarchy I King totally in charge amp center of everything gt To keep an eye on 32 provinces an intendant government overseer for each gt 162 0 s Protestant Revolt put down by the royal government V Richelieu did so well that he picked his own successor gt Cardinal Mazarin I But Louis XIII dies leaving a small boy son as successor Louis XIV but government actually his Mama Anne of Austria and Cardinal Mazarin gt Antagonized with taxes most of France I Civil war La Fronde I Although Lous XIV was eventually the victor even as a boy he came to think Paris was not worth a mass or anything else 0 The only way to rule was absolutely One King One Law One Religion O L Etat C est moi The State That s me Louis XIV has IeanBabtiste Colbert who wanted to regulate the economy controlling it strictly I Government runs economy mercantilism Few imports heavily taxed many exports I Continuing plan to improve infrastructure and further decrease in power of the nobles I Nobles will pay almost no taxes in return for being closed out of the government and political power I 1685 Louis revokes the Edict of Nantes one religion only I Louis XIV spent more than the government could take in beginning the long march to bankruptcy which will plague France until the revolution of 1789 I Louis fun Versailles Mistresses European conquest O 1St major standing army in Europe in modern times O Costs heaps got little back so march for bankruptcy continues On Tuesday we ll cross the channel to Visit France s worst nightmare England
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'