SOC 100 Week 11 notes
SOC 100 Week 11 notes SOC 100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Friday April 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 04/08/16
SOC 100 Week 11 Chapter 8 Social Stratification o Working class 33% Focus on getting by Slightly favor liberal, but not by much Targeted by political candidates due to variability Value social life, education is necessary evil o Lower class 20% Living on the edge or apathy Stays pretty consistent percentagewise 2008 grew to 25% Religion – if there is one in the neighborhood they go, if not they don’t New Class Society o Upper class is 20% Upper, small diamond shape o Lower/middle is 80% Lower, large diamond shape o Illustrates distribution better Does not correspond to wealth distribution Clicker what class did you grow up in? o Overwhelmingly middle class Clicker – where will you be in 20 years? o Overwhelmingly middle class, and some upper Who Gets Ahead – Christopher Jencks o Education * Years of certain levels of education o Who your parents are * How many children Father’s career o Luck o Race o Sex o Hard work o * education and parents are most important) Functionalist see it as acceptable education requires hard work Conflict – we don’t choose our parents, so it’s not fair Income has been rising steadily since 1950 o However, distribution does not show change as equal among classes Highest 20% income has risen greatly But as you go down the classes, income has remained almost the same From 1940’s – 1980 the increase in income was relatively equally distributed Now only the upper classes are seeing a rise in income Clicker – will you be better off fincancially than your parents o 40% yes o 30% no or uncertain More billionaires than ever o 2003 262 billionaires o 2016 – 1810 billionaires o Riches – Bill Gates $75 billion o Richest women $36.1 billion o Oprah – 3 billion o Pat Striker 2.3 billion From Fort Collins Likely the “anonymous” donator that donated 25 million for stadium o U.S has 8 of the top 10 billionaires National study – “Differences in income in US are too large” o Class figures – 61% agree, 10% disagree o National study 65% agree, 14% disagree Some billionaires agree The Giving Pledge – billionaires donating half of their wealth Reasons for lower class mobility in US o Rise of the money culture Making money > content/enjoyment of life o Bank deregulation in 1980’s and 1990’s Harmful to majority of US, beneficial to super wealthy o Technology – jobs done by machines o Rise of emerging markets, especially in China and India Clicker Emily and Mark are high school teachers, volunteer every weekend, and are very religious what class are they in? o Correct answer= Average Middle Class Poverty o Relative poverty: poorer in relation to others with more money o Absolute poverty: deprivation of resources that is lifethreatening or inability to afford minimum standards of food, clothing, shelter, and health o Most poverty in US is relative poverty Who is responsible for poverty o Blame the poor: the poor are mostly responsible for their own poverty (functionalist) o Blame Society: society is primarily responsible for poverty (conflict) National study who’s responsible for helping the poor o 27% government o 24% people should take care of themselves o 46% combination of both What is major cause of Poverty? o US, Japan, Australia – lack of individual effort o Mexico, Sweden, Germany societal injustice Poverty rate in US o Normally assume a family of 4 with 2 kids under 18 o Current 47 million 14.5% US population $24,250/year o 55% more than current poverty rate = 73 million, 22.5% US population $37,588 / year o Lifestyle of those at 155% of poverty rate Never go out to eat, to movies, entertainment, don’t take vacations, hire babysitters, buy anything in excess Who are the poor o Age: 19.9% of children under 18 9.5% of elderly 65 and above o Race/Ethnicity 28% of Native Americans 27% of African Americans 23.5% of Hispanic Americans 10.5% Asian Americans 9.6% white o Sex/gender 31% of female head of household 16% male head of household o Workers 14% of the poor work fulltime 45% of the poor work at least parttime To reach 155% of poverty, you need to make $18.07/hour Well over minimum wage Hidden Costs of Class o Judgement from others o Feelings of hopelessness o Acceptance of symbols of inability o Loss of dignity and a sense of accomplishment Homelessness o 2540% work o 37% are families with children o 25% are children o 2530% are mentally disabled o 30% are veterans o 40% drug and alcohol dependent Cure for poverty? o Answer depends on whom you blame Clicker Welfare vs. Wealthfare what does government spend most money on? o 64% said health care for richest 10% of elderly Medicare Beneficiaries Correct answer Clicker – government housing subsidies end up going to ? o More to the middle class than the poor Welfare distribution o Distributed unequally in a manner that is deemed best o Everyone gets some sort of entitlement How are we doing? o US is one of richest nations and has one of highest standards of living o Some members of our society are benefitting handsomely while others are not o “Rich getting richer, poor are getting poorer, so it all averages out”
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