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Readings from Week 1

by: Gillian Michalowski

Readings from Week 1 Intro to International Affairs

Gillian Michalowski
GPA 3.1
Intro to International Affairs

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About this Document

The Summaries of Readings Required for the First Couple Lectures
Intro to International Affairs
One Day of Notes
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Gillian Michalowski on Tuesday February 3, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to Intro to International Affairs at George Washington University taught by Downes in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 174 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Affairs in International Studies at George Washington University.

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Date Created: 02/03/15
Lecture Notes IAFF Lecture Notes 12615 Recap Realism Main Figures Machiavelli Morgenthau Mearshimer Schweller Reaism turned into NeoRealism to focus on the Anarchic Balance NeoRealism recognizes the possibility of war still occurring States want to maximize power Offensive Realism Mearshimer states should maximize power more power more security Defensive Realism less competitive focuses on solving the security dilemma Motivational Realism divides states into greedy states and security states Does not attempt to explain where these motives come from Schweller Dangerous lmbalances NonRealist Theories explains the suboptimal behavior in terms of domestic politics Hegemonic Realism o Preponderance leads to peace a the system is stable if there is a clear hierarchy of power 0 Balance leads to war a the shift away from equality leads to two major powers that will end with a war Hegemonic Assumptions different states grow at different rates and others are more powerful or less powerful 0 States move up and down how powerful they are 0 The current power transitions began with industrialization starting in France then Britain then Germany then the US Hegemony supports the idea that there is a disequilibrium in the actual balance of power and the perception o The actual balance of power favors the rising power 0 The perception of power favors the falling power Hegemonic Realism preventative motive o The declining power wages war to prevent the challenger from rising o Preventative war Liberaism Main Figures Adam Smith Thomas Paine Immanuel Kant Kant 3 Legs of the Triad 1 Republican Govt modern day democracy 2 International Law and Organization 3 Cosmopolitan Law free trade 0 Woodrow Wilson big believer in this theory a Big proponent of democracy a 14 Points League of Nations Removed all barriers to trade How does Liberalism think about Anarchy o Liberalism Anarchy individuals have rights and they should not violate the rights of others John Locke o Realism Anarchy Life is nasty brutish and short Thomas Hobbes Anarchy is a state of nature but is NOT a state of war 0 Interstate cooperation is possible 0 States have goals that surpass just having security Anarchy does not preclude beneficial cooperation and stable peaceful relations Democratic Peace Democracies fightjust as many wars as other regime types BUT democracies don t ght each other 0 Controversial cases 0 US Civil War 0 WI 0 Finland W2 0 Spanish American War Why don t democracies fight much Bc when the people are in charge they do not want to pay the cost for war Leaders of democratic states externalize the norms that they are accustomed to o Peaceful conflict 0 Individual rights 0 Nonintervention Other democracies warrant trust and respect Liberal leaders respect their foreign counterparts Covert Action and Imperialism provide a threat to peace among democracies Institutions of democracy 0 Leaders are accountable to their elections Neoliberal Institutions basically accepts realist assumptions also assumes states are individual utility maximizers Maximizing each state s own gains Institutions regimes are assets of implicit or explicit principles norms or rules and decisionmaking procedures around which actor s expectations converge in a given area of international relations 0 Violating the rules of the institution while being a member is dumb Prisoner s dilemma two bank robbers choosing to rat each other out o By doing what is individually rational both players get a worse outcome than they could have gotten by cooperating


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