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History 161 week 1 notes

by: David Notetaker

History 161 week 1 notes History 161

David Notetaker

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These notes cover the origins of freemasonry
Freemasonry in Mexico and the United states
Class Notes
history, freemasonry
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by David Notetaker on Friday April 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 161 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Maru in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Freemasonry in Mexico and the United states in History at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 04/08/16
Origins of freemasonry • Mythical origins ◦ Solomon’s temple ­ important because the architectural aspects  mimicked the freemason tradition of stone builders, (act of creation),  Hiram (master builder of construction/masons) who had a secret word  with various groups which signified the degree of the freemason,  Three men wanted to know the secret word of a higher degree to  receive a higher salary, killed Hiram because he did not give them the  word, Freemasons are looking for the knowledge this word  symbolizes, architecture of solomon temple such as two pillars  included in many freemason lodges today ▪ Relate origins to ancient builders and the Bible because most  European religions took from the bible ◦ Knight Templars ­ commissioned by the papacy during the crusades to act as a special forces, Later exterminated by the King and pope  because they owed them money, Templars gave a letter to crusaders  as they deposited items and received the equivalent in Jerusalem ▪ Templars became a symbol of those who protected  land, knowledge, christianity, etc… Templars symbolized every value the Freemasons cherished, which Freemasonry mimicked  and inherited the prestige they held ◦ Egypt and Persia ­ borrowed elements from these two cultures, certain symbols and idea of secret societies, Priests in Ancient Egypt had  secret societies and secret knowledge with whom they only shared  within these ◦ Dignify the order with ancient origins ­ legitimized by providing the  dignity and value linked to these ancient traditions ▪ Many people wanted to join because they wanted to attain this  ancient knowledge ◦ Ritual Content ­ ancient origins provided a lot of content for the  masonic degrees, traditions, and ritual • Historical Origins ◦ Operative Freemasonry ­ Guilds of stonemasons and shoemakers,  etc… in Medieval times in which there were levels or degrees; that  was the knowledge you get and salary you receive; Three degrees  used then are the same ones used in Freemasonry ◦ Guilds of medieval builders ­ Stonemasons were different because  Stonemasons were allowed to travel between different places because  their skill set was unique; they had knowledge of geology,  mathematics, geometry, astronomy ▪ many people were jealous of this knowledge which is why the  stonemasons became such a secretive society and knowledge  came in accordance with the degrees ◦ Privileges,bonds with Roman Church ­ Stonemasons built churches  and cathedrals for the church; church liked them and  granted privileges to them ◦ Degrees: Apprentice, Fellow, Master ◦ Special and secret ceremonies ­ created in order to recognize each  other and protect their knowledge ▪ e.g Many masons arrive in London to build a cathedral but over long distance you can recognize through these secrets,  nowadays if a freemason requires help can be noticed by these  secrets ◦ Symbols: compass, square, triangle, etc. ­ many symbols of  freemasonry came form the medieval time period; tools of  construction given humanistic features from Stonemason tools ◦ Saints: John the Baptist ­ Masonic ideas mainly borrowed from  Christian traditions, Masons had saints as well  • Speculative (Modern) Masonry ◦ Many people moving into cities (Industrial Revolution) create a new  class because they don’t fit into any of the established ones; rise of the individual because of the dissolution of the guild system ▪ Old regime = belonged in society because you were part of a  group not an individual because you are a soldier, or priest not  John or Carlos ▪ New regime = People coming in did not belong to any group so  the individual arose; able to interact with each other without  any intermediary ◦ Decadence of building art ◦ Accepted Masons (17th century) ­ all guilds were disappearing,  Stonemasons did not want to fade away, therefore they started to  accept people who were not Stonemasons; incentive to join was again  the knowledge but this time was a real secret knowledge such as  astronomy or geometry; Intellectuals such as lawyers and physicians  joined, Freemasons only accepted people with knowledge the  freemasons wanted to learn from as well, These new accepted people  changed what masonry was, charged new members fees since no  churches or castles were being built; association of thinking and  discussion ◦ Four lodges established the Grand Lodge of England (London), 1717  ­ consulted and created the Grand lodge, June 24, 1717 is considered  birth date of modern freemasonry; any subsequent lodge should  be authorized by this lodge ◦ Anderson’s Constitutions (Anderson and Desaguliers), 1723  ­ Constitution's created by the freemasons, landmarks and rules/laws  of freemasonry from then on ◦ Moral Architecture ­ changed idea from physical architecture to this  moral architecture; building and crafting the perfect individual to craft a perfect society through a new set of values ◦ Regularity ­ all freemasonry stemming from this Grand Lodge of  London


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