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Date Created: 02/04/15
History 110 2415 Congregational Church Official faith in new England Colonies except RI MA taxed all residents to support congregationalism at first Presbyterianism though closely associated with congregationalism was never made official by any colonies Roman Catholics were still discriminated against as in England Great Awakening First Great Awakening was a religious movement among colonial Protestants in the 1730 s and the 1740 s The earliest manifestations appeared among Presbyterians in oennsylvania and new jersey Led by Reverend William Tennent 16731746 a ScotsIrish immigrant and his four sons all clergymen Initiated religious revivals Tennent Established a seminary to train clergy men quotthe Log College leaders then it became leaders of Princeton University Quickly spread to the Congregationalists puritans and Baptists of New England By the 1740 s clergymen were conducting revivals throughout that region Revivals were very emotional people fainting crying hysteria people speaking in tongues Revivals still happen today they are rare Traveling preacher Jonathan Edwards 17031758 sought to return to the Puritans strict Calvinist roots 0 Edwards attracted a large following Gives out ery sermons o The quotNew Lights 0 In 1733 a religious revival began in Northampton o In six months once he started nearly 300 people were admitted to the church 17391740 another surge of revival George White eld 17141770 0 In 1740 he preached nearly every day for months to large crowds of several thousand people 0 Late 1740 s Presbyterian preachers moved into Virginia 0 By the 1750 s separate Baptists moved to North Carolina Clicker question What percentage of church attendees joined the revivals in the south Answer More than 50 Left colonials sharply polarized along religious lines Anglicans and Quakers gained new members among those who disapproved the Baptists and Methodists gained members grom the ranks of radical evangelical converts Largest single group remained within the Congregationalist and Presbyterian denominations Divided internally between advocates and opponents of the awakening Southern Society Planters Small farmers Landless whites owning land is what made you a citizen couldn t vote or serve in the government which made them angry Indentured servants Slaves Eew cities sprouted in the colonial South and consequently an urban professional class including lawyers and financers was slow to emerge New England Society Families remained the center of life in New England Population grew from natural reproduction Women wed in their early 20 s Clicker Question On average how often did women have children Answer Every 2 years Two out of ten babies died in childbirth never made it to 1 year Women s Rights In the south allowed married women to retain separate title to their property and gave widows the right to inherit their husband s estate Women couldn t vote They were considered morally weaker than men job was to raise children and take care of the house Divorce was exceedingly rare and usually only on two grounds 0 Abandonment o Adultery Life of a Settler Women wove cooked cleaned and cared for children Men cleared land fenced planted cropped cut rewood and butchered livestock Children helped with all these tasks and picked up school as they could Land was relatively cheap in America It cost 3 times less in America than in England Most people who immigrated were middle class Social Class in the New World Frontier life did no permit large class distinctions Most white people were equal
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