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Chapter 01 Reading Notes

by: Katie Ingersoll

Chapter 01 Reading Notes PSY12000

Marketplace > Purdue University > Psychlogy > PSY12000 > Chapter 01 Reading Notes
Katie Ingersoll
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Introductory Psychology
Dr. J Gulker

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Introductory Psychology
Dr. J Gulker




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This 2 page Reader was uploaded by Katie Ingersoll on Wednesday February 4, 2015. The Reader belongs to PSY12000 at Purdue University taught by Dr. J Gulker in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 154 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Purdue University.


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Date Created: 02/04/15
Chapter 18 Collective Action Social Movements and Social Change Paradox What makes you an individual is your affiliation with multiple group identities Collective Action What is it Good For 0 action that takes place in groups and diverges from the social norms of the situation 0 For your behavior to count as collective action you must act as part of a group and against the expected social norms of the situation 0 Also depends on the number of people participating and the location of the behavior 0 Two main types of collective action 0 Crowd collective action must be face to face with the other members of your group 9must be face to face with the other members of your group can also occur when people aren t physically together 0 Mass collective action Theories of Collective Action Convergence Theory 0 theory of collective action stating that collective action happens when people with similar ideas and tendencies gather in the same place 0 Location doesn t matter except it attracts likeminded people 0 The problem with convergence theory is that it s often reduced to the sum of its parts 0 Doesn t explain the inconsistency of group action Contagion Theory 0 theory of collective action claiming that collective action arises because of people s tendency to conform to the behavior of others with whom they are in close contact 0 Actions of others in uence your behavior the behavior of other people in groups is contagious 0 Helps explain how collective action spreads from one person throughout the entire group downplays individual agency and treats individuals as mindless sheep thoughtlessly following the actions of their neighbors Emergent Norm Theory 0 theory of collective action emphasizing the in uence of keynoters in promoting particular norms O ValueAdded Theory Identity and Collective Action Social Movements 0 collective behavior that is purposeful organized and institutionalized but not ritualized 0 Types of Social Movements 0 Four main types of social movements 9altemative redemptive reformative and revolutionary 0 Distinguished by the people whose behavior they seek to change and the extent of societal change they hope to achieve Alterative Social Movements 0 social movements that seek the most limited social change and often target a narrow group of people Redemptive Social Movements 0 social movements that target speci c groups but advocate for more radical change in behavior Reformative Social Movements o social movements that advocate for limited social change across an entire society 0 Revolutionary Social Movements o social movements that advocate the radical reorganization of society 0 Models of Social Movements How do They Arise 0 model of social movements based on a concept of structural weakness in society that results in the psychological disruption of individuals 0 model of social movements that emphasizes political context and goals but also states that social movements are unlikely to emerge without the necessary resources 0 model of social movements that focuses on the structure of political opportunities When these are favorable to a particular challenger the changes are better for the success of a social movement led by this challenger 0 Three Stages of Social Movements 0 the rst stage of a social movement occurring when the social problem being addressed is rst identi ed 0 the second stage of a social movement in which resources are mobilized that is concrete action is taken around the problems outlined in the first stage or the final stage of a social movement in which it is institutionalized and a formal structure develops to promote the cause Social Movement Organization 0 a group developed to recruit new members and coordinate participation in a particular social movement SMOs also often raise money clarify goals and structure participation in the movement 0 a type of social movement organization that relies on high levels of community based membership participation to promote social change It lacks hierarchical structure and works through eXisting political structures 0 Voluntary Organizations Why is America a Land of Joiners Social Movements and Social Change Premodern Modern and Postmodern Societies O Premodem Societies O 0 social relations characterized by concentric circles of social af liation a low degree of division of labor relatively undeveloped technology and traditional social norms O Modernity 0 social relations characterized by rationality bureaucratization and objectivity as well as individuality created by nonconcentric but overlapping group af liations O Postmodernism 0 social relations characterized by a questioning of the notion of progress and history the replacement of narrative with pastiche and multiple perhaps even con icting identities resulting from disjointed affiliations The Causes of Social Change Technology and Innovation New Ideas and Identities Social Change and Con ict


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