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SOC383, January 30 2014

by: Leica Frederick

SOC383, January 30 2014

Marketplace > Purdue University > SOC383 January 30 2014
Leica Frederick
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Leica Frederick on Thursday February 5, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at Purdue University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 49 views.


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Date Created: 02/05/15
SOC 383 Introduction to Research Methods 11 Ethics in Social Research Thursday January 30 2014 Chapters 23 Announcements Assignment 1 is due today The call numbers for the documentaries on the infamous cases of unethical research will be posted on blackboard 3 Research practices affect research subjects social scientists therefore have a moral obligation to do their research ethically I These ethical obligations extend to research subjects who are no longer alive as well example studies using historical data such as diaries and letters must be done ethically I Unfortunately social scientists have not always done research ethically there are a number of infamous studies that were performed unethically Through these unfortunate cases there has been an increased awareness for the need of ethics in social research We cannot appreciate the need for ethics without understanding what happened in these infamous cases Examples of infamous cases of unethical research include but are not limited to Research of Nazi prisoners during WWII Milgram s obedience experiment Tuskegee Syphilis study Stanford Prison Experiment 0 v Infamous Cases of Unethical Research A closer observation call numbers for these documentaries will be posted on blackboard I Stanley Milgram s Obedience Experiment Yale University 1962 x This experiment was inspired by the Holocaust Milgram wanted to understand why people obey directions from authority figures Through the use of direction to harm others This experiment was performed by psychologists at Yale University in 1962 the subjects were told to administer electric shock to a learner the learner was not actually being shocked the experiment was simply set up so as to give the impression that someone was being shocked when they gave the wrong answer to a question I Tuskegee Syphilis Study United States Public Health Service 1932 The United States Public Health Services founded a study of syphilis in rural Alabama on African American men beginning in 1932 The goal was to understand how the disease would progress in humans if it went untreated some subjects had syphilis but were not told that they did not have it some subjects were told that if they participated they would receive free medical care however the true intent of the experiment was not told to them subjects were not offered the cure for the disease penicillin although it was identified in 1945 The study was shut down in 1972 By then 28 men had died and 40 wives had been infected President bill Clinton offered first national apology for the study in 1997 1 Thursday 30 January 2014 Introduction to Research Methods 11 SOC 383 Stanford Prison ExperimentThe Prison Simulation Study Stanford University 1971 Psychologist Philp Zimbardo conducted this research in 1971 at Stanford University research subjects were asked to participate in a fake prison system by either acting as security guards or as prisoners Some of the participants exhibited such troubling behavior that the study that was scheduled to last roughly two weeks was shut down after only six days 339 Due to the harm done to research participants from unethical research practices policies have been put into place in various institutions to ensure that such behavior does not happen again The following policies and institutions were created in response to the infamous cases of unethical research experiments The 1979 Belmont Report by Nat l Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research established three ethical principles for the protection of human subjects textbook p 43 Treat all people with respect Beneficence minimize the harm and maximize the benefits of the research Justice distribute the benefits and risk of research fairly In 1991 the United States Government set a policy that every institution that seeks federal funding for biomedical or behavioral research on humans must have an Institutional Review Board IRB The IRB reviews research proposals researchers need IRB approval before they can conduct their research 6 There are guidelines for ethical research I These guidelines are put in place so as to protect the research subject Avoid doing physical or emotional harm to the research subject by minimizing the pain that might be caused during the research Obtain informed consent from the research subject the subject must be aware of the potential risks and benefits of the study and must voluntarily agree to participate Avoid deception there are cases in which deception might be acceptable for the research experiment but this should only be done when there is minimal risk and the participants are debriefed at the end of the experiment Maintain privacy and confidentiality during the experiment the names of the research subjects and the data obtained should never be revealed or disclosed so as to protect the identities of the research participants I Other guidelines include maintain honesty and openness achieve valid results encourage appropriate application ie consider the uses to which your research may be put 2 Thursday 30 January 2014 Introduction to Research Methods 11 SOC 383


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