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by: Kaitlyn Herbst

2.1 Philos 1500

Kaitlyn Herbst
GPA 4.0
Introduction to Logic
Peter Celello

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About this Document

Notes,from the reading 2.1
Introduction to Logic
Peter Celello
One Day of Notes
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Herbst on Thursday February 5, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to Philos 1500 at Ohio State University taught by Peter Celello in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 115 views.


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Date Created: 02/05/15
Philos 1500 Intro to Logic Chap2 Identifying Arguments 21 Arguments and Nonarguments M Argument Set of statements Where some of the statements are intended to support another Unsupported assertions Passages that are not arguments Unsupported Assertions include Reports Sets of statements intended to provide information about a situation topic or event Illustrations Statements together With explanatory or clarifying examples Explanatory statements Statements that provide a causal or other reason for some phenomenon Conditional statements if then statements Help distinguish arguments vs nonarguments 0 Premise and conclusion indicator words usually indicate argument 0 Because can be used in explanatory statements 0 So 0 Thus can be used to introduce illustrations 0 Therefore 0 Do the examples merely clarify or explain a statement or are they used to provide evidence for it 0 If provide evidence then passage is argument Unsupported assertions 0 No inferences are drawn 0 Reports 0 Illustrations 0 Explanatory statements 0 Conditional statements Examples From Text Report 3 Total global advertising expenditures multiplied nearly sevenfold for 1950 to 1990 They grew onethird faster than the world economy and tree times faster than world population In real terms spending rose from 39 billion in 1950 to 256 billion in 1990 more than the gross national product of India or than all Third World governments spent of health and education 0 Series of informational statements 0 No inferences are drawn Illustration 5 Whole numbers can be represented as fractions Thus 2 can be represented as 84 and 5 can be represented as 153 0 Statement Whole numbers can be represented as fractions 0 Explanatory or clarifying examples 2 can be represented as 84 and 5 can be represented as 153 Explanatory statements 7 Judy got sick because she ate too much 0 Asserts Judy s sickness was caused by overeating 0 Provides no reason to think overeating caused Judy to be sick has no premises Conditional statements 12 If Lucy works hard then she will get a promotion 0 Hypothetical in nature 0 Does not assert antecedent or consequent


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