SOC 1003 Week 4
SOC 1003 Week 4 SOC 1003
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Routman on Thursday February 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Professor Schwartz in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 135 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminal Justice in Sociology at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/05/15
SOC 1003 Week 4 2515 905 PM o No regular Police System before Norman Conquest o Raised hue and cryquot to warn town 0 Band Together 0 More Formal Represents the Crown First instance of truly unified law No formal training Police were very violent and the Bow Street Runners Blind Beak of Bow Street Both were paid salaries under supervision n Acted as watchmen and thief takers O O o 1829 Home Secretary 0 First organized police force 0 1000 men in uniform o By 1856 every county in England had a force 0 Leaders of the Police Report to Federal Government o No check on power 0 Very corrupt because they relied on physical power to maintain order 0 First Uniforms in NYC in 1853 0 First Telegraph police boxes in 1867 o 1893 International Association of Chiefs of Police IACP 0 Big Cities joined a different association 0 Called for civil service police force 0 Most famous reformer of all time o Started police science department at USC Berkley o Started the concept of merit recruitment o Emergence of Community Oriented Policing COP 0 Unions fought for higher salary 0 Democratic Program 0 Rodney King Case Videotaped Police Brutality Therefore demands for more diversity within the police forces Pretty successful 0 Does crime really drop with patrols 1973 Divided the city into 15 beats sections Tried to match them up a Three levels of Patrol 0 Normal None Overload Looked at crime rates for comparison 0 Implications Police don t accept the results Now evaluations are used for everything u Intelligence led policing 0 Approximately 30000 employees 13000 agents 0 56 American Offices 50 worldwide 0 Jurisdictions Statutes not assigned to states and to other agencies Anything on federal property 0 1 emphasis today is terrorism o 1 crime they arrest is bank robbery o Transferred from the department of treasury to justice in 2003 o Oldest Federal Agency 0 Lots of responsibilities Judicial Security Fugitive Investigation Witness Security Prisoner Services Transport Asset Forfeiture Program 0 Originally for counterfeiting crimes 0 Immigration and Customs SOC 1003 Week 4 part 2 2515 905 PM 0 Usually created to deal with crimes in nonurban areas 0 1835 are the first statewide force 0 Jurisdiction ranges Work to provide support to Local or other Agencies The provide routine patrol Have a responsibility to the citizens Investigate some crimes 0000 Most are just jail guards or court officials in urban areas Can hold more power in less developed parts of the country 0 Range in size 35000 to less than 1 officer 0 Wide variety of services 0 All purpose 247 Emergency Hotline 0 Highlights the secrecy and support given to fellow officers 0 Police feel isolated from the rest of society 0 Concept of Us vs Them a Ride along experiment a Lasted 9 months 0 Initially the cops were hesitant to open up around the experimenter but once he became a normal thing the cops acted normally 0 Why choose this career OutdoorsExciting 0 Screening Trying to make recruits feel like they have been accepted into something elite and special o Subculture starts in the Academy 0 Emphasis on cohesion o Traditions of the departmentstories are shared Allows them to identify with the group Helps them to think like an officer I Lay low and avoid trouble 0 Training period 0 Learn the ins and outs 0 Most susceptible to change at this time o Inclination to take on the tasks of an officer o Irony of being drawn to excitement but accepting the unrealistic expectations Activities are few and far between They learn complacency 0 Characteristics of discretion 0 Cognitive Lenses Way of looking at the world A person dresses acts speaks a certain way and the officers pick up on certain behaviors they feel are indicative of crime a Danger suggestions based off of appearances 0 Isolation Put on weird schedules that make socializing outside of the work place complicated 0 Public Relations Belief that the public don t like them Lack of cooperation from the public Lack of understanding of the job requirements 0 Responses Police show an abnormally high level of occupational soHdarty 0 Independent Agencies in the Executive Branch 0 Most are Paramilitary with a chain of command Discretion at the lowest rank 0 Personnel Decisions are often based on time and rank Little movement within the forces Formal Social Control El El El Stop crime Create order Provide services Intelligence gathering Special tasks SWAT Symbol of Justice
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