HIST 2340W Week 4
HIST 2340W Week 4 HIST 2340W
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Routman on Thursday February 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2340W at George Washington University taught by Professor Brasinzky in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 150 views. For similar materials see US Diplomatic History in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 02/05/15
HIST 234OW Week 4 2515 1044 PM McKinley Assassinated in 1901 leaving Teddy in office Argued for an Wealthy and Aristocratic background Became well known for his role in the Spanish American War 0 Rough Riders in Cuba If the US didn t maintain its diplomacy then Europe will become more influential Idea of to help other countries Thought that British Colonialism was beneficial to the colonies and influenced the shape of the future in a similar way to America e Teddy argued that 0 We fought for a common cause with the Europeans o Hada Thought that the US empire in Philippines had the potential to be even better that England s in India 0 Focus less on commerce s effects on imperialism Aligned with common cause Roosevelt realized that there would be instances that it would be beneficial to ally ourselves with European Powers 0 Had to change the rhetoric to that of a realpolitik between England and America ried to negotiate with the Columbian President in the o Treaty doesn t get ratified by the Columbian government o USS Nashville was sent in to help support them 0 Able to help them declare independence n Same conditions as the Columbian Treaty with the addition of the US having control over the whole canal o It was finally finished in 1914 n Columbian government had something that would benefit the world and wasn t able to fulfill its duty and obligation a Building the canal was part of the grand task of spreading civilization by way of the water route 0 This rectified the US involvement o In debt to the European Powers 0 They blockaded the country until they paid them back 0 Roosevelt wasn t fond of the way Europe intervened in the Western Hemisphere 0 Similar to the Venezuelan Crisis but the US intervened US took over custom houses and used that money to pay back the European Powers o Essentially stated that we must intervene in the goingson of the Western Hemisphere o The Monroe Doctrine was essentially in the way of Roosevelt s plans to help other countries because it never explicitly outlined what to do in the face of interference from Europe 0 Now Roosevelt has decided that the US should intervene for the sake and benefit of the entire hemisphere When countries are acting in an uncivilized manner then the US has the right to intervene n This gives the US a larger diplomatic role with the obligation to maintain order in the entire hemisphere 0 Japanese attacked Russia at Port Author and Manchuria after Tsar Nicolas refuses to acknowledge Japanese interest in Manchuria 0 Japanese began systematic attacks on Russia and destroyed their entire Pacific fleet 0 Jewish bankers that had fled Russia were aiding Japan with loans 0 Said that the Japanese could join the clubquot of civilized na ons He saw the US conquest in the Caribbean as comparable to the Japanese s in the Yellow Sea Took the opportunity to become a peace maker a Negotiated the 0 Japan had special rights in Korea 0 Japan was in control of the southern half of the Sakhalin Islands 0 Russia didn t have to pay indemnity All sides affirmed their support for the open door policy a 0 We needed to know whether or not they would bother our holdings in the Philippines 0 Series of notes negotiated in secrecy Under the cover of Roosevelt s daughter Alice being in Japan 0 Recognized Korea as the Protectorate ofJapan 0 Japan claimed no aggression towards the Philippines o This spurred a lot of racism 0 Japanese and Korean exclusion league in California Efforts to ban Japanese and Korean children in public schools Japan denounced this segregation I Saw it as an assertion of US supremacy o Compromised that there will be no more immigration into the US from Japan if the Public School system in California would stop segregation o The ideas of intervening and a duty to do so in the world becomes very important to US Domestic Policy in the 20th Century HIST 234OW Week 4 part 2 2515 1044 PM 0 Requirements before it could happen 0 Internationalization of American Investment banks 0 Cooperation between public and private sectors 0 Federal Circuit Court Judge 0 Governor of the Philippines 0 Secretary of War under Roosevelt Handpicked as his successor His Foreign Policy was very different though a Articulated some of Roosevelt s ideas of duty but made his own policy that was more economically d ven 0 US can use soft power and commercial force instead of force 0 Use American wealth and superiority to bring about stability Essentially what Roosevelt wanted but through a different method 0 Defaulting on the debt that it owed to Great Britain since the 1870 s 0 US was interested in the mining and fruit production in the country 0 Solution 0 Reorganize fiscal system of Honduras because they didn t know how to manage their own affairs US needs to help them learn how to fix their affairs n Gave them a loan o If they accept which they did then the US would take over their Customs Houses and employ US financial advisors in the country 0 This is essentially lowlevel nation building Zelaya put export taxes on bananas and acted against US interests 0 Threatened to allow Europeans to build Isthmian canal to rival panama o This angered the US Asks for loan from the US government a This allows the US to give a loan that turns Nicaragua into a financial protectorate a They trained elite technocrats to run the economy 0 Founded as a slave colony of sorts but was technically America s ward Essentially they needed an economic bailout as well so the US stepped in to ensure that they wouldn t be in debt to the Europeans and more attached to America 0 The Quing Dynasty was overthrown by Sun Yatsen in 1911 0 He lost control to Yuan requests a Loan Consortium from the US Great Britain Japan France and Russia a They had to accept advisors from the countries a They had to reorganize the monopoly on salt a They couldn t take loans from any other countries o Kang Youwei Socialist Thinker Argued that Yuan was giving away parcels of the newly free China n This led to the Second Revolution where the Guomindang took power 0 Success was given to the US 0 Failure was also given to the US 0 Made it very hard to get loans Under Roosevelt he was able to simply use force because that power resides with the executive Loans are a dealing of the Legislature 0 Nicaragua ended up being super corrupt o IMF 0 EU 0 1990 s Financial Crisis 0 USAID
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