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Week 1 Notes

by: Curomi Notetaker

Week 1 Notes SDC 350

Curomi Notetaker
GPA 3.98
Global History of Design II
Matt Cohen

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About this Document

Notes on Ottoman Design and Safavid Persia and Mughal India
Global History of Design II
Matt Cohen
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Curomi Notetaker on Thursday February 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SDC 350 at Washington State University taught by Matt Cohen in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see Global History of Design II in Architecture at Washington State University.


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Date Created: 02/05/15
12015 Safavid Persia and Mughal India The Design of Pa radIse 1 Sites a Safavid Empire Design Persia i MaidaniShah Square Isfahan Iran c 15981629 CE a Public space for gatherings open for people b Created under a gure who wanted to glorify himself Shah Abbas I c Relief in urban city scape hybrid of interiorexterior architecture and cultural in uences 2 MasjidiShah Imam Mosque c 161130 CE a Contains courtyard sahn fountain kibla walls miranicion side facing Mecca b Surfaces are covered blue and yellow glazed tile to hid the brick material underneath c Ogival Dome which concaves then convex at the bottom d lwan are vaulted openings that represents a portal or gate into a mosque a threshold from secular from sacred i Sacredness represented through abstract images and design e Enter threshold and then turned 45 degrees to face Mecca b Mughal Empire Design India i Fatehpur Sikri India 157185 a Fortress Palace served as a paradise on Earth b Designed in consistency used local material red sandstone c Series of public and private places arranged around public courtyards hierarchy public to private and overlap of functions d Charbagh garden idea noted in Koran that derives from early Persian landscape design idea of paradise garden 4 parts symbolizes that heaven is a luscious garden and that can be recreated on Earth e 4 divisions represent water milk wine and honey or 4 rivers 2 Panch Mahal a Serves now as an observation tower original purpose may have been a marginally public space or observational space to watch the sunrise and sunset b Traditional elements such as chattris and axis mundi translated into a different element of design 3 DiwanlKhas Hall of Private Audience a Freestanding building within a standing court b Used for people to meet in his court and discuss c Treelike form symbolizes the tree which Buddha sat under to meditate i Combines different religions and elements to establish his own designera of rule d Notion of spolia taking materials from other buildings and reusing it e Jali screens intricate patterned screens that serve as a railing allows light to penetrate through but blocks view from outside ii Akbar39s Tomb Sikandra India 16051615 1 Exhibits mixing of cultures through elements of designs chattris axis mundi iwan 2 Layout charbagh iii Red For Delhi India 163948 a 15m in diameter surrounded by elaborate gardens b Treated Hindu with less respect but required their manual labor to build the fort 2 DiwanlKhas Hall of Private Audience a Hardstone inlaid in walls as decorations and design b Paradise on Earth iv Taj Mahal Agra lndia 163253 Paradise in the afterlife with his wife 2 20 years to be built 3 Hybrid of Persian prototypes lwans ogival domes 4 Layout charbagh split into 4 quadrants build on axis great sense of symmetry H 2 Terms lwan Ogival Dome Chattris Chanbagh Axis Mundi Jali Screens ThrDQDO39QJ 11515 Ottoman Design Minarets and Cafes 1 Sites a Church of Hagia Sophia Constantinople 53237CE transformed into a mosque by Ottomans in 14505 i Transformation into a mosque 1 Minarets were added and became an element of design in Ottoman Design a More than 1 indicates greater importance 2 Symbolizes power of Byzantine empire 3 Shows how people pull from different cultures 4 Became a leading in uence for later mosque designs ii Originally a church 1 Has plenty of space apse paintingsmosaics later removed because islamic religion does not allow representational images and replaced by geometric designs b Sehzade Mosque Istanbul Turkey 154448 i Design in uenced by Hagia Sophia 1 Square plan covered by circular dome courtyard on the left with domes that cover the arcade that surrounds it sahn features pendentives and domes windows that penetrate the base of the dome and gives illusion of oaUng 2 Circle set inside the square heavens a Circle in nity b Square universe 3 Lack paintingsmosaics wall decorated by patterns and geometric shapes c Suleymanie Complex Istanbul Turkey 155057 i Minarets form suggests Ottoman traditions not Christian church ii Characterized the Ottoman Design complex 1 Domes porticos courtyards sahn iii Kulliye multipurpose building complex functioned as a community center secular and sacred functions that were not exclusive met people39s needs and open to the mass 1 Madrasa Arabic for school teaching of the Koran reconceived where many were taught separate from the mosque bringing the sacred functions closer to the cities Suqs bazaar or series of shops Cafes and Coffeehouses a Public area where government officials and people could converse argue debate together iv Materials from countries around the world and techniques exchanged d Selimiye Camii Mosque of Selim l Edirne Turkey 156774 i Built to establish his own legacy UJN 1 Sinan felt wounded because architects in the West thought Muslims could not be architects a Aimed to outdo Hagia Sophia with Selim39s mosque 2 Centralization orderly repetition ornamentation is non representational e Topkapi Saray Topkapi Palace Istanbul Turkey 145984 i Not a Kalliye because it was not open to the public 1 To enter pass through series of gates Ortakapi gates a Fortresslike with an exterior wall surrounding the site supreme display of power 2 Forti ed Administrative Center increasing privacy and importance by gates ii Seraglio harem Topkapi Palace Istanbul Turkey 1 Women had some freedom but they could never leave 2 Design within the space were beautiful and intricate which served to distract the occupants from their reality of never leaving iii Connection with nature iv Layout 1 Heaven on Earth is evident in landscape and how the built environment ts in it 2 Terms Aniconism Sahn Ottoman Empire Minarets Cafes or coffeehouses Kulliye Madrasa Lerhrnqpop


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